Presentation on theme: "Charles I Inherits the Throne"— Presentation transcript:
1Charles I Inherits the Throne *Son of James I*Opposed Puritans*Divine Right*Marries a Catholic – sister of France’s King Louis XIII
2Charles I Inherited Problems – religious and political Wasn’t personableSpent great deal on artsAlways needed $Married a Roman CatholicInvolved in bad wars w/ Spain & FranceBypassed Parliament & raised own $Parliament said “you get money for war, we get Petition of Right”
3Leading up to War Purpose – limit Charles Power in 4 ways Can’t collect taxes w/o consent of ParliamentKing can not imprison anyone w/o just causeTroops not housed in a private homeCan’t declare martial law unless country at warPetition Failed to Limit PowerCharles dissolved ParliamentAll of these actions lead to war
4England’s Civil WarCaused over conflict between Parliament and Charles about definitions of powers of the monarchy & Parliament’s authorityMore specifically, Puritans vs. Charles and Royalists (pro-monarch)Also known as Roundheads vs. CavaliersRoundheads, under leadership of Cromwell winCharles goes to Parliament to arrest opposition leaders = no compromiseCromwell led RoundheadsRemoved opponents from Parliament
5Events of the Civil War1/27/1649 Charles I executed for high treason- “the season is so sharp as probably may make me shake, which some observers may imagine proceeds from fear. I have no such imputation”2/7/1649 Office of King was formally abolishedSet up republic, then later military rule
6Charles I QuestionsWhy did Charles’ actions (requiring loans to the government, jailing opponents, quartering troops, and declaring martial law) anger the English so much? After all, he was their king!Even though Charles ignored the Petition of Right, why was it so important?What really led to Charles’ downfall?Why is Oliver Cromwell such an important figure in English history?