Presentation on theme: "Parliament Limits the English Monarchy Chapter 5 Section 5."— Presentation transcript:
Parliament Limits the English Monarchy Chapter 5 Section 5
How did the people (especially in France) view a government under an absolute ruler?
Monarchs Defy Parliament James I becomes king of England, already King James IV of Scotland Argues over money with Parliament Puritans hoped he would enact reforms to purify English church of Catholic practices; James refused
Monarchs Defy Parliament Charles I becomes king of England after his father’s (James I) death Needed money from Parliament to pay for war with Spain and France Dissolved Parliament when they did not agree to grant him money Parliament agreed to grant Charles money if he signed the Petition of Right
1628-Petition of Right 1. Charles I would not imprison subjects without due cause. 2. He would not levy taxes without Parliament’s consent. 3. He would not house soldiers in private homes. 4. He would not impose martial law in peacetime. Charles refused to follow the petition and dissolved Parliament in 1629.
Why was the Petition of Right important even though King Charles I ignored it?
English Civil War Parliament passed laws to limit royal power; Charles arrested leaders in 1642 English Civil War Royalists (Cavaliers)- remained loyal to the king Puritan supporters of Parliament (Roundheads)- opposed the king
English Civil War 1647-Oliver Cromwell and the New Model Army defeated Cavaliers and held Charles I prisoner Parliament brought Charles to trial for treason against Parliament; found guilty and executed This was the first time a reigning monarch faced public trial and execution.
Oliver Cromwell’s Rule Cromwell took power in England. in England. Abolished monarchy and the House of Lords and became a military dictator. Passed laws that promoted Puritan morality and abolished activities that they thought sinful- i.e. theater, sporting events, dancing, etc. Favored religious toleration for all Christians except Catholics
How was Cromwell’s rule similar to an absolute monarchy?
Restoration and Revolution Cromwell died; English people sick of military rule Charles II voted by Parliament to rule England; monarchy restored passed Habeas Corpus Act Gave every prisoner the right to obtain a writ or document ordering that the prisoner be brought before a judge to specify the charges specify the charges
Restoration and Revolution James II becomes king (Catholic) Violated English law by appointing Catholics to office Dissolved Parliament when protest resulted
Glorious Revolution Parliament invited James’ daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange (prince of the Netherlands) to overthrow James’ rule for the sake of Protestantism. 1688-Glorious Revolution William led army to London and James fled to France Bloodless overthrow
Limits on Monarch’s Power William and Mary vowed to recognize Parliament as their partner in governing. England was now a constitutional monarchy (laws limited the ruler’s power).
Limits on Monarch’s Power English Bill of Rights- lists what a ruler could not do No suspending of Parliament’s laws No levying of taxes without a specific grant from Parliament No interfering with freedom of speech in Parliament No penalty for a citizen who petitions the king about grievances Cabinet System Acted in the ruler’s name but represented the majority party of Parliament Prime minister- leader of the majority party in Parliament- same system used today
In what ways were the English Bill of Rights similar to the United States’ Bill of Rights?