Presentation on theme: "Parliament Limits the English Monarchy"— Presentation transcript:
1Parliament Limits the English Monarchy Chapter 5 Section 5
2How did the people (especially in France) view a government under an absolute ruler?
3Monarchs Defy Parliament James I1603- becomes king of England,already King James IV of ScotlandArgues over money withParliamentPuritans hoped he wouldenact reforms to purify Englishchurch of Catholic practices;James refused
4Monarchs Defy Parliament Charles I1625- becomes king ofEngland after his father’s(James I) deathNeeded money from Parliamentto pay for war with Spainand FranceDissolved Parliament whenthey did not agree to grant him money1628- Parliament agreed to grantCharles money if he signed the Petition of Right
51628-Petition of Right1. Charles I would not imprison subjects without due cause.2. He would not levy taxes without Parliament’s consent.3. He would not house soldiers in private homes.4. He would not impose martial law in peacetime.Charles refused to follow the petition and dissolved Parliament in 1629.
6Why was the Petition of Right important even though King Charles I ignored it?
7English Civil War1641- Parliament passed laws to limit royal power; Charles arrested leaders in 1642English Civil WarRoyalists (Cavaliers)- remained loyal to the kingPuritan supporters of Parliament (Roundheads)- opposed the king
8English Civil War 1647-Oliver Cromwell and the New Model Army defeated Cavaliers andheld Charles I prisoner1649- Parliament broughtCharles to trial for treasonagainst Parliament;found guilty and executedThis was the first time a reigning monarch faced public trial and execution.
9Oliver Cromwell’s Rule 1649- Cromwell took powerin England.Abolished monarchy andthe House of Lords and became amilitary dictator.Passed laws that promoted Puritanmorality and abolished activities thatthey thought sinful- i.e. theater, sportingevents, dancing, etc.Favored religious toleration for allChristians except Catholics
10How was Cromwell’s rule similar to an absolute monarchy?
11Restoration and Revolution 1658- Cromwell died;English people sick of militaryrule1659- Charles II votedby Parliament to rule England;monarchy restored1679- passed HabeasCorpus ActGave every prisoner the rightto obtain a writ or document orderingthat the prisoner be brought before a judge tospecify the charges
12Restoration and Revolution 1685- James II becomesking (Catholic)Violated English lawby appointing Catholicsto officeDissolved Parliamentwhen protest resulted
13Glorious Revolution Parliament invited James’ daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange(prince of the Netherlands) tooverthrow James’ rule for thesake of Protestantism.1688-Glorious RevolutionWilliam led army to Londonand James fled to FranceBloodless overthrow
14Limits on Monarch’s Power William and Mary vowed to recognize Parliament as their partner in governing.England was now a constitutional monarchy (laws limited the ruler’s power).
15Limits on Monarch’s Power English Bill of Rights- lists what a ruler could not doNo suspending of Parliament’s lawsNo levying of taxes without a specific grant from ParliamentNo interfering with freedom of speech in ParliamentNo penalty for a citizen who petitions the king about grievancesCabinet SystemActed in the ruler’s name but represented the majority party of ParliamentPrime minister- leader of the majority party in Parliament- same system used today
16In what ways were the English Bill of Rights similar to the United States’ Bill of Rights?