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Parliament Limits the English Monarchy Chapter 5 Section 5.

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Presentation on theme: "Parliament Limits the English Monarchy Chapter 5 Section 5."— Presentation transcript:

1 Parliament Limits the English Monarchy Chapter 5 Section 5

2  How did the people (especially in France) view a government under an absolute ruler?

3 Monarchs Defy Parliament  James I  becomes king of England, already King James IV of Scotland  Argues over money with Parliament  Puritans hoped he would enact reforms to purify English church of Catholic practices; James refused

4 Monarchs Defy Parliament  Charles I  becomes king of England after his father’s (James I) death  Needed money from Parliament to pay for war with Spain and France  Dissolved Parliament when they did not agree to grant him money  Parliament agreed to grant Charles money if he signed the Petition of Right

5 1628-Petition of Right  1. Charles I would not imprison subjects without due cause.  2. He would not levy taxes without Parliament’s consent.  3. He would not house soldiers in private homes.  4. He would not impose martial law in peacetime.  Charles refused to follow the petition and dissolved Parliament in 1629.

6  Why was the Petition of Right important even though King Charles I ignored it?

7 English Civil War  Parliament passed laws to limit royal power; Charles arrested leaders in 1642  English Civil War  Royalists (Cavaliers)- remained loyal to the king  Puritan supporters of Parliament (Roundheads)- opposed the king

8 English Civil War  1647-Oliver Cromwell and the New Model Army defeated Cavaliers and held Charles I prisoner  Parliament brought Charles to trial for treason against Parliament; found guilty and executed  This was the first time a reigning monarch faced public trial and execution.

9 Oliver Cromwell’s Rule  Cromwell took power in England. in England.  Abolished monarchy and the House of Lords and became a military dictator.  Passed laws that promoted Puritan morality and abolished activities that they thought sinful- i.e. theater, sporting events, dancing, etc.  Favored religious toleration for all Christians except Catholics

10  How was Cromwell’s rule similar to an absolute monarchy?

11 Restoration and Revolution  Cromwell died; English people sick of military rule  Charles II voted by Parliament to rule England; monarchy restored  passed Habeas Corpus Act  Gave every prisoner the right to obtain a writ or document ordering that the prisoner be brought before a judge to specify the charges specify the charges

12 Restoration and Revolution  James II becomes king (Catholic)  Violated English law by appointing Catholics to office  Dissolved Parliament when protest resulted

13 Glorious Revolution  Parliament invited James’ daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange (prince of the Netherlands) to overthrow James’ rule for the sake of Protestantism.  1688-Glorious Revolution  William led army to London and James fled to France  Bloodless overthrow

14 Limits on Monarch’s Power  William and Mary vowed to recognize Parliament as their partner in governing.  England was now a constitutional monarchy (laws limited the ruler’s power).

15 Limits on Monarch’s Power  English Bill of Rights- lists what a ruler could not do  No suspending of Parliament’s laws  No levying of taxes without a specific grant from Parliament  No interfering with freedom of speech in Parliament  No penalty for a citizen who petitions the king about grievances  Cabinet System  Acted in the ruler’s name but represented the majority party of Parliament  Prime minister- leader of the majority party in Parliament- same system used today

16  In what ways were the English Bill of Rights similar to the United States’ Bill of Rights?

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