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7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere Conoscere and sapere both mean to know, but they are used in different contexts. Conoscere is a regular verb, while sapere has irregular forms. Ecco qua, lo sapevo. consceresapere conosco conosci conosce conosciamo conoscete con scono so sai sa sappiamo sapete sanno
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere ATTENZIONE! Note that in the present tense, the conjugation of sapere closely resembles that of avere. SAPERE / AVERE so / ho sai / hai sa / ha sappiamo / abbiamo sapete / avete sanno / hanno
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere Conoscere means to know or to be familiar with a person, place, or thing. Conosco un ottimo ristorante in centro. I know an excellent restaurant downtown. Conoscete il dottor Ruspoli? Do you know Dr. Ruspoli?
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere Conoscere in the passato prossimo means met (for the first time). Ieri abbiamo conosciuto il professore di biologia. Yesterday we met the biology professor. Ho conosciuto mio marito nel I met my husband in 1964.
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere Sapere means to know (a fact), or to know how (to do something). To indicate an ability, use the infinitive after a conjugated form of sapere. Sapete quando è stato inventato il computer? Do you know when the computer was invented? Mio padre sa parlare tedesco. My father knows how to speak German.
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere ATTENZIONE! Note that sapere is commonly used in the phrase Non lo so, where the generic pronoun lo refers to an idea or concept. Dovè il tuo quaderno? Where is your notebook? Non lo so. I dont know.
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere Sapere in the passato prossimo means found out. Che bella notizia! Abbiamo saputo che Laura e Marco si sposano! What great news! We found out that Laura and Marco are getting married!
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere ATTENZIONE! Remember that sapere che, which conveys certainty, should be followed by a subordinate clause in the indicative. In contrast, non sapere se, which conveys uncertainty, should be followed by the subjunctive. Sanno che il codice è giusto. They know the code is correct. Non sanno se il codice sia giusto. They do not know if the code is correct.
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere In the imperfetto, conoscere and sapere have the same meanings as they do in the present tense, but these meanings are conveyed in a past, descriptive framework. Prima di viaggiare in Italia, John non conosceva la polenta. Before traveling in Italy, John wasnt familiar with polenta. Tua nonna sapeva parlare italiano? Did your grandmother know how to speak Italian?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-1 Punto di partenza Although the passato prossimo and the imperfetto are both past tenses, they have distinct.
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Uses of ci You have already learned that ci is used as a reflexive and reciprocal pronoun meaning ourselves.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
3.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato prossimo with avere and essere Use the passato prossimo to express an action completed in.
Ripasso di captitolo 6 Il passato prossimo. Come si dice…? Yesterdayieri The day before yesterday Laltro ieri Last week La settimana scorsa (passata)
The Perfect Tense Il passato prossimo Look at the following 3 sentences. Ali played football yesterday They have visited Paris 3 times We did eat pizza.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1B, you learned how to form yes-or-no questions and questions with interrogative.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The.
4.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The trapassato prossimo and the trapassato remoto Mimì aveva già perso i punti quando si è svegliato.
Copyright © 2012 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Spanish has two verbs that mean to know: saber and conocer. They cannot be used interchangeably.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.9A.2-1 Punto di partenza Relative pronouns link two phrases together into a longer, more complex sentence. The.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
Passato Prossimo Oscar Svan 10B. When is it used? Passato Prosisimo (Past Tense) narrates specific actions or events that occurred in the past, at a definite.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.1-1 Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an.
6.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc There are many ways to express negation (la negazione) in Italian. The simplest way is to place the.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An.
Ci Signora Albanese Italiano III. Ci You have seen CI used so far as: As a reflexive pronoun: Ci laviamo: We wash ourselves. Ci vediamo: We will see each.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.3-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned how to talk about the past, the present, and the future. Now.
3.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The imperfetto Use the imperfetto to talk about what used to happen or to describe ongoing and habitual.
1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Definite and indefinite articles must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. They vary.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned that the present tense in Italian can be used to describe what.
Using the Subjunctive Noun Clauses. The subjunctive tends to be a somewhat difficult concept for native speakers of English, yet it is used in Spanish.
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Il treno parte dal binario 9. The present tense: regular verbs.
5.3 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Il futuro semplice To form the simple future (il futuro semplice), drop the final –e of the infinitive.
Of. and a to the in is you that it at be.
The. of and a to in is you that it he was.
The. of and a to in is you that it he for.
You guys used to travel every summer every summer She was dancing They used to study. We were laughing. When I was little, I used to sing to sing.
Ripasso della grammatica Forza III Capitolo 1-4. Ordinal numbers 1° = primo (first)6° = sesto (sixth) 2° = secondo (second)7° = settimo (seventh) 3° =
SABER To know information / how to do something. SABER = to know SABER is another verb that has an irregular YO form. Use SABER to talk about information.
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