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Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom an action is done. SUBJECT VERB INDIRECT OBJECT Le ragazze The girls parlano are speaking al cameriere. to the waiter. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
In Italian, indirect objects are always preceded by a preposition, typically a, but sometimes per.Dà lo scontrino a Mario. He gives the receipt to Mario. Hai preparato uno spuntino per me? Did you make a snack for me? © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 2
You have already learned some verbs commonly used with indirect objects, including chiedere, dare, dire, domandare, insegnare, mandare, offrire, parlare, portare, rispondere, scrivere, spiegare, and telefonare. The following verbs are also used with indirect objects. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Indirect objects can be replaced with indirect object pronounsIndirect objects can be replaced with indirect object pronouns. Direct and indirect object pronouns have identical forms, except in the third person. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Like direct object pronouns, indirect object pronouns either precede a conjugated verb or are attached to an infinitive. Il cuoco non gli prepara il contorno. The cook does not prepare the side dish for him. Devi darle una buona mancia. You have to give her a good tip. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Loro is an exception; always place it after the verb, and do not attach it to infinitives. In modern usage, however, gli is the preferred way to express to/for them. Il cameriere mostra loro il menu. (Il cameriere gli mostra il menu.) The waiter shows them the menu. Volete regalare loro la torta? (Volete regalargli la torta?) Do you want to give them the cake? © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Note that the pronouns le and gli never elide before vowels, and that past participles do not agree in gender or number with indirect object pronouns. La mamma sta bene. Le ho telefonato ieri. Mom is feeling well. I called her yesterday. Chi è Giorgio? Non gli abbiamo mai parlato. Who is Giorgio? We’ve never talked to him. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Verbs like piacere In Lezione 2B you learned to use indirect object pronouns with the verb piacere. SUBJECT ↔ INDIRECT OBJECT SUBJECT ↔ DIRECT OBJECT L’insalata mi piace. I like salad. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Note that the subject of the English sentence corresponds to the indirect object pronoun of the Italian sentence. Unlike in English, in Italian the thing that is being liked is the subject of the sentence. Ti piacciono i dolci fatti in casa? Do you like homemade desserts? Vi è piaciuta la zuppa? Did you like the soup? © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Other verbs that use a similar construction include mancare (to miss), bastare (to be enough), restare (to remain), sembrare (to seem), and dispiacere (to be sorry). Like piacere, these verbs are conjugated with essere in the passato prossimo. I peperoncini vi sono sembrati piccanti? Did the peppers seem spicy to you? Marco, mi manchi! Ti manco anch’io? Marco, I miss you! Do you miss me, too? © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
1. Tu (mi / ci) mostri la nuova pasticceria. (a noi) Scegli il pronome indiretto corretto. 1. Tu (mi / ci) mostri la nuova pasticceria. (a noi) 2. Loro (ti / mi) invitano al ristorante. (a te) 3. Antonella (vi / le) prepara la pasta fatta in casa. (a voi) 4. Io ed Edoardo (le / gli) portiamo una crostata. (a lei) 5. Adriana e Leonardo (mi / vi) portano un gelato. (a me) 6. Il cameriere (mi / gli) consiglia un antipasto. (a loro) © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Punto di partenza A direct object receives the action of a verb directly and answers the question what? or whom? Direct objects generally follow the verb.
Piacere and similar verbs
Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different endings to the stem. Conjugate regular.
Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.9A.2-1 Punto di partenza Relative pronouns link two phrases together into a longer, more complex sentence. The.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an irregular verb, you will need to memorize its present.
IL PASSATO PROSSIMO CON AVERE. What is the Passato Prossimo? The passato prossimo is used to describe actions and events that have occurred in the past,
Punto di partenza A reflexive verb “reflects” the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form of reflexives ends with the reflexive pronoun.
Ripasso di captitolo 6 Il passato prossimo. Come si dice…? Yesterdayieri The day before yesterday Laltro ieri Last week La settimana scorsa (passata)
FORZA 2-CAPITOLO 5. Pronomi Diretti A direct object receives the action of a verb directly and answers the question what? or whom? Direct objects.
Punto di partenza Adverbs describe how, when, and where actions take place. They modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Unlike adjectives, adverbs.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs andare (to go), dare (to give), fare (to do; to make), and stare (to be; to.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
Direct Object Pronouns I Pronomi Diretti Italian 1 4/8/14.
I pronomi diretti. PRONOMI PERSONALI OGGETTO DIRETTO never preceded by a preposition direct object pronouns replace the direct object ("Hai letto le pagine.
Passato Prossimo Oscar Svan 10B. When is it used? Passato Prosisimo (Past Tense) narrates specific actions or events that occurred in the past, at a definite.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere (to have to/must; to owe), potere (to be able to/can), and volere (to.
Punto di partenza Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Italian, adjectives are often used with the verb essere to point out.
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