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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom an action is done. Le ragazze The girls parlano are speaking al cameriere. to the waiter. VERBSUBJECTINDIRECT OBJECT
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-2 In Italian, indirect objects are always preceded by a preposition, typically a, but sometimes per. Dà lo scontrino a Mario. He gives the receipt to Mario. Hai preparato uno spuntino per me? Did you make a snack for me?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-3 You have already learned some verbs commonly used with indirect objects, including chiedere, dare, dire, domandare, insegnare, mandare, offrire, parlare, portare, rispondere, scrivere, spiegare, and telefonare. The following verbs are also used with indirect objects.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-4 Indirect objects can be replaced with indirect object pronouns. Direct and indirect object pronouns have identical forms, except in the third person.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-5 Like direct object pronouns, indirect object pronouns either precede a conjugated verb or are attached to an infinitive. Il cuoco non gli prepara il contorno. The cook does not prepare the side dish for him. Devi darle una buona mancia. You have to give her a good tip.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-6 Loro is an exception; always place it after the verb, and do not attach it to infinitives. In modern usage, however, gli is the preferred way to express to/for them. Il cameriere mostra loro il menu. (Il cameriere gli mostra il menu.) The waiter shows them the menu. Volete regalare loro la torta? (Volete regalargli la torta?) Do you want to give them the cake?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-7 Note that the pronouns le and gli never elide before vowels, and that past participles do not agree in gender or number with indirect object pronouns. La mamma sta bene. Le ho telefonato ieri. Mom is feeling well. I called her yesterday. Chi è Giorgio? Non gli abbiamo mai parlato. Who is Giorgio? Weve never talked to him.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-8 Verbs like piacere In Lezione 2B you learned to use indirect object pronouns with the verb piacere. SUBJECT INDIRECT OBJECTSUBJECT DIRECT OBJECT Linsalata mi piace. I like salad.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-9 Note that the subject of the English sentence corresponds to the indirect object pronoun of the Italian sentence. Unlike in English, in Italian the thing that is being liked is the subject of the sentence. Ti piacciono i dolci fatti in casa? Do you like homemade desserts? Vi è piaciuta la zuppa? Did you like the soup?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-10 Other verbs that use a similar construction include mancare (to miss), bastare (to be enough), restare (to remain), sembrare (to seem), and dispiacere (to be sorry). Like piacere, these verbs are conjugated with essere in the passato prossimo. I peperoncini vi sono sembrati piccanti? Did the peppers seem spicy to you? Marco, mi manchi! Ti manco anchio? Marco, I miss you! Do you miss me, too?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B Tu (mi / ci) mostri la nuova pasticceria. (a noi) 2. Loro (ti / mi) invitano al ristorante. (a te) 3. Antonella (vi / le) prepara la pasta fatta in casa. (a voi) 4. Io ed Edoardo (le / gli) portiamo una crostata. (a lei) 5. Adriana e Leonardo (mi / vi) portano un gelato. (a me) 6. Il cameriere (mi / gli) consiglia un antipasto. (a loro) Scegli il pronome indiretto corretto.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.9A.2-1 Punto di partenza Relative pronouns link two phrases together into a longer, more complex sentence. The.
Direct Object Pronouns I Pronomi Diretti Italian 1 4/8/14.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.1-1 Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.1-1 Punto di partenza A reflexive verb reflects the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved In Lección 5, you learned that a direct object receives the action of the verb directly.
Ripasso di captitolo 6 Il passato prossimo. Come si dice…? Yesterdayieri The day before yesterday Laltro ieri Last week La settimana scorsa (passata)
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Uses of ci You have already learned that ci is used as a reflexive and reciprocal pronoun meaning ourselves.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.2-1 Punto di partenza Adverbs describe how, when, and where actions take place. They modify verbs, adjectives,
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned that the present tense in Italian can be used to describe what.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs andare (to go), dare (to give), fare (to do; to make), and stare (to be; to.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere (to have to/must; to owe), potere (to be able to/can), and volere (to.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.2-1 Punto di partenza Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Italian, adjectives.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.3-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned how to talk about the past, the present, and the future. Now.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1B, you learned how to form yes-or-no questions and questions with interrogative.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-1 Punto di partenza Comparatives of equality (comparativi di uguaglianza) are used to indicate that two people,
Reflexive VerbsReflexive Verbs Reflexive verbsReflexive verbs.
Ripasso della grammatica Forza III Capitolo 1-4 I pronomi personali io = I tu = you (sing. Fam.) lui/lei = he/she Lei = you (formal) noi = we voi = you.
3.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato prossimo with avere and essere Use the passato prossimo to express an action completed in.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-1 Punto di partenza Partitives express some or any; they refer to part of a whole or an undefined quantity.
Complementos Indirectos (Indirect Object Pronouns) IDOPs.
Indirect Objects and Indirect Object Pronouns Indirect objects are nouns, or pronouns, that usually precede the direct object and tell to whom, for whom,
6.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc There are many ways to express negation (la negazione) in Italian. The simplest way is to place the.
Ripasso della grammatica Forza III Capitolo 1-4. Ordinal numbers 1° = primo (first)6° = sesto (sixth) 2° = secondo (second)7° = settimo (seventh) 3° =
Lezione Sei Lesson 6. Al Ristorante (at the restaurant) To be hungry – I am hungry – I am very hungry To be thirsty – I am thirsty – I am very thirsty.
Indirect Object Pronouns Spanish 3 VC c.4. Identifying the parts of a sentence: Verb - the action or state of being Subject – who does the action who.
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