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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that carries out the action. SUBJECTVERB La professoressa The teacher parla italiano. speaks Italian.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-2 Subject pronouns replace a noun that is the subject of a verb. SUBJECT PRONOUN VERB Lei She parla italiano. speaks Italian.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-3 As in English, Italian subject pronouns are divided into three groups of singular and plural forms: first person, second person, and third person.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-4 Unlike I in English, io is not capitalized unless it begins a sentence. Also note that in Italian, it and they are seldom expressed when referring to animals or objects. Studio litaliano anchio. I study Italian, too. È un cane. It is a dog. Sono libri ditaliano. They are Italian books.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-5 The English you has multiple equivalents in Italian. When addressing one person, choose either tu or Lei, depending on the degree of formality necessary. Paolo, tu parli bene. Paolo, you speak well. Signor Bruno, Lei parla molto bene. Mr. Bruno, you speak very well.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-6 Write Lei (you, form.) with a capital L to distinguish it from lei (she). In formal situations, use Lei whether you are speaking to a man or a woman. Che cosa studia lei? What does she study? Professor Balli, Lei cosa insegna? Professor Balli, what do you teach?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-7 Use voi to address a group of people in both formal and informal settings. The formal second-person plural form Loro is seldom used, and is presented here for recognition only. Voi siete bravi studenti. You are good students. Signore, voi parlate inglese? Ladies, do you speak English?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-8 The verb essere Essere (To be) is an irregular verb because its conjugation (the set of forms for the different subjects) does not follow a pattern. The basic form essere is an infinitive, meaning it does not correspond to any particular subject.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-9 Unlike English, Italian does not require subject pronouns and, in fact, they are usually omitted. In the case of è and sono, use the context of the sentence to identify the subject. Sono studente. I am a student. Sono brave studentesse? Are they good students?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-10 Rising intonation at the end of a sentence transforms a statement into a yes-or-no question. To reply in the negative, place non (not) directly before the verb. Use no only as a negative response, equivalent to no in English. È un dizionario? Is it a dictionary? No, non è un dizionario. No, its not a dictionary.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-11 Note the differences in meaning in these statements. È un esame. It is an exam. Cè un esame. There is an exam. Ecco un esame! Here is an exam!
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B (Tu / Voi) siete americani. 2. (Lui / Loro) è in biblioteca. 3. (Io / Noi) sono generoso. 4. (Io / Tu) sei in Italia. 5. (Io / Voi) sono alla mensa alle due. 6. (Noi / Tu) sei un attore. 7. (Loro / Lei) sono a casa. 8. (Voi / Tu) siete dottori. 9. (Lui / Noi) siamo timide. 10. (Tu / Lei) è una ragazza simpatica. Choose the correct subject pronoun in each sentence.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-1 Punto di partenza As in English, numbers in Italian follow patterns. Memorizing the numbers 0–30 will help.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.1-1 Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1B, you learned how to form yes-or-no questions and questions with interrogative.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Subject pronouns In order to use verbs, you will need to learn about subject pronouns.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.2-1 Punto di partenza Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Italian, adjectives.
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Il treno parte dal binario 9. The present tense: regular verbs.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different.
Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved In order to talk about activities, you need to use verbs. Verbs express actions or states.
ANTE TODO In order to use verbs, you will need to learn about subject pronouns. A subject pronoun replaces the name or title of a person or thing and acts.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.1-1 Punto di partenza A noun is a word that identifies a person, animal, place, thing, or idea. As in English,
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.1-1 Punto di partenza As you learned in Lezione 1B, the infinitive is the basic form of a verb. In English,
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
1.3 Present tense of ser Subject (Personal) Pronouns Los Pronombres Personales.
Oggi è il ____________________ Fate Adesso: 1.To be 2.I am 3.nice 4.I am not 5.shy 6.young 7.I am 8.He is 9.He is funny.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the verb essere with numbers to tell time.
Subject-Verb Agreement Brenham Writing Room Created by D. Herring.
What is a verb conjugation? Why do we conjugate? Common –ARE Verbs Come facciamo? How do we do it? Pratichiamo! Lets Practice! Conjugating Italian Verbs:
ESPAÑOL UNO CAPÍTULO 1 APUNTES. LOS SUSTANTIVOS Noun: person, place, thing, idea.
1 1. In English and Spanish, the infinitive is the base form of the verb. 2. In English, the infinitive is preceded by the word to: to study, to be. The.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs andare (to go), dare (to give), fare (to do; to make), and stare (to be; to.
Statements Yes/No Questions Interrogative questions.
Ripasso di captitolo 6 Il passato prossimo. Come si dice…? Yesterdayieri The day before yesterday Laltro ieri Last week La settimana scorsa (passata)
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.1-1 Punto di partenza A reflexive verb reflects the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.3-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1A you learned the numbers 0–100. The chart below shows numbers above one hundred.
SER and SUBJECT PRONOUNS. Do you know whats meant by 1 st person, 2 nd person, 3 rd person? 1 st person is the person who is speaking – I 2 nd is the.
AR Verbs Conjugating Regular Verbs Group 1. Infinitives Infinitives are the words to + verb, such as : »To run, to play, to read, to study In Spanish,
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved In Lección 5, you learned that a direct object receives the action of the verb directly.
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