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5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.4-1 Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs.

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Presentation on theme: "5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.4-1 Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs."— Presentation transcript:

1 5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs

2 5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Adverbs provide information about location, time, manner, quantity, and frequency. Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They are invariable. Carla è molto bella ma si veste male. Carla is very pretty, but she dresses badly. Arrivano puntualmente a lezione. They arrive on time for class. Adverbs

3 5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Adverbs ATTENZIONE! Some common adverbial expressions consist of two or more words. Ogni tanto mia nuora fa un salto da noi. Every once in a while my daughter-in-law drops by for a visit. Di solito ai nonni piace viziare i nipoti. Usually grandparents like to spoil their grandchildren.

4 5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Adverbs Most adverbs are formed by adding –mente to the feminine singular form of an adjective. lentalentamentevelocevelocemente

5 5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Adverbs ATTENZIONE! Some exceptions to this rule are: altro altrimenti benevolo benevolmente leggero leggermente violento violentemente

6 5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Adverbs Adjectives that end in –le or –re drop the final –e before adding –mente, unless a consonant precedes that ending. normale speciale normalmente specialmente butmediocremediocremente

7 5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Bene and male are the adverbs that correspond to the adjectives buono and cattivo. Adverbs

8 5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Adverbs Some adverbs have exactly the same form as the corresponding adjective. Chi va piano va sano e va lontano. Slow and steady wins the race. Il papà single che abita sopra lavora sodo. The single dad that lives upstairs works hard.

9 5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Adverbs Some common adverbs have their own form: spesso, insieme, così, volentieri, etc. Andrò volentieri! I will go with pleasure! Carla fa spesso stupidaggini. Carla often does foolish things.

10 5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Adverbs In sentences with compound tenses, common, short adverbs such as già, ancora, più, mai, sempre, and spesso are usually placed after the auxiliary verb. Avete già finito di traslocare? Have you already finished moving? In Italia siamo spesso andati al mercato. In Italy we went often to the market.

11 5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Adverbs Adverbs that express time or location often come at the beginning or end of a sentence, or they may follow the past participle in compound tenses. Il volo è partito tardi. The flight left late. Qui si parla italiano. Italian is spoken here.

12 5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Adverbs An adverb precedes an adjective or another adverb that it modifies. Ecco un cliente molto soddisfatto. Theres a very satisfied customer. Oggi lavoro proprio bene. Today Im working really well.

13 5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc ATTENZIONE! Adverbs usually follow the verb. However, they may precede a verb for emphasis. Non tornerò mai in questo ristorante. I will never come back to this restaurant. Mai tornerò in questo ristorante! Never will I return to this restaurant! Sometimes the placement of an adverb can change the meaning of the sentence. Le piace molto mangiare con gli amici. She really likes eating with her friends. Le piace mangiare molto con gli amici. She likes to eat a lot with her friends. Adverbs


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