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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-1 Punto di partenza Youve learned how to use the passato prossimo to express past actions. Now youll learn another past tense, the imperfetto (imperfect).
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-2 The imperfetto can be translated into English in several ways. Lia piangeva. Lia cried. Lia used to cry. Lia was crying. Facevo esercizio. I exercised. I used to exercise. I was exercising.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-3 The imperfetto is a simple tense; it does not require an auxiliary verb. The pattern of conjugation is identical for verbs ending in -are, -ere, and -ire. Drop the -re to form the stem and add the imperfect endings.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-4 Essere is irregular in the imperfetto, and the verbs bere, dire, and fare have irregular stems.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-5 Alberto faceva esercizio ogni giorno. Alberto used to exercise every day. Andavo regolarmente dal dottore. I would go to the doctor regularly. Use the imperfetto to talk about actions that took place repeatedly or habitually during an unspecified period of time. Note that habitual or repeated actions in Italian are often translated into English with used to or would.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-6 Rachele era contenta, ma Franco era depresso. Rachele was happy, but Franco was depressed. Dante aveva nove anni quando ha visto Beatrice. Dante was nine years old when he saw Beatrice. The imperfetto is also a descriptive tense. Use it to describe physical and mental states in the past, including age.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-7
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-8 Also use the imperfetto to describe weather and time in the past. Pioveva stamattina. It was raining this morning. Erano le sei e faceva bel tempo. It was 6:00 and the weather was nice.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-9 Use the imperfetto to describe an action or actions in progress in the past. Mentre (While) often signals two ongoing actions occurring over the same period of time. Linfermiere parlava mentre leggevo la ricetta. The nurse was speaking while I was reading the prescription. Carlo piangeva mentre guardava quel film. Carlo was crying while he was watching that film.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-10 An ongoing action in the imperfetto can also be interrupted by another action expressed with the passato prossimo. Quando (When) is often used to introduce the interrupting action. Linfermiere parlava quando il medico è entrato. The nurse was speaking when the doctor came in. Guardavamo il film quando Carlo ha starnutito. We were watching the film when Carlo sneezed.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B Da piccola, Geltrude non (amavo / amava) leggere. 2. A te (piaceva / piacevano) i broccoli da bambino? 3. Le nostre camere da letto (erano / eravate) molto piccole. 4. Io non (beveva / bevevo) il latte. 5. Chi (voleva / volevo) diventare un dottore da bambino? 6. Voi (preparavi / preparavate) dei dolci buonissimi. 7. Io e Antonio non (dicevate / dicevamo) mai bugie (lies). 8. Quellinverno (facevo / faceva) veramente molto freddo. Scegli la forma corretta dellimperfetto per completare ogni frase.
3.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The imperfetto Use the imperfetto to talk about what used to happen or to describe ongoing and habitual.
You guys used to travel every summer every summer She was dancing They used to study. We were laughing. When I was little, I used to sing to sing.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-1 Punto di partenza Although the passato prossimo and the imperfetto are both past tenses, they have distinct.
V Except for IRREGULAR verbs, you will find this characteristic consonant in all imperfect verb endings!
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned that the present tense in Italian can be used to describe what.
Limperfetto The Imperfect Past Tense. When we use limperfetto was/were doing was/were doing Used to do Used to do Time in past tense Time in past tense.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.3-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned how to talk about the past, the present, and the future. Now.
4.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The trapassato prossimo and the trapassato remoto Mimì aveva già perso i punti quando si è svegliato.
Ripasso della grammatica Forza III Capitolo 1-4 I pronomi personali io = I tu = you (sing. Fam.) lui/lei = he/she Lei = you (formal) noi = we voi = you.
Ripasso della grammatica Forza III Capitolo 1-4. Ordinal numbers 1° = primo (first)6° = sesto (sixth) 2° = secondo (second)7° = settimo (seventh) 3° =
3.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato prossimo with avere and essere Use the passato prossimo to express an action completed in.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.1-1 Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different.
Il passato prossimo contro limperfetto. Il passato prossimo The passato prossimo is used to talk about: Specific completed actions – Ho viaggiato in aereo.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7A.1-1 Punto di partenza Use the future tense to talk about what will happen. Unlike in English, in Italian the.
LIMPARFAIT Lusage Limparfait or the imperfect tense is used in French to describe actions or states of being that occurred over a period of time.
Passato Prossimo of Irregular Verbs Page 168 By: Stella Froliklong Partners with: Carla and Giada.
Objetivos I can conjugate a verb in the imperfect tense I can use the imperfect tense to talk about an event that took place over a period of time or used.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1B, you learned how to form yes-or-no questions and questions with interrogative.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved The conditional tense in Spanish expresses what you would do or what would happen under.
The imperfect Italian II: Signora Harrington. The imperfect is much more frequently used in Italian than in English. It expresses the English "used to"
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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.3-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1A you learned the numbers 0–100. The chart below shows numbers above one hundred.
Ripasso di captitolo 6 Il passato prossimo. Come si dice…? Yesterdayieri The day before yesterday Laltro ieri Last week La settimana scorsa (passata)
Reviewing Verb Tenses. Verb Tense Review The Importance of Time Verb tense expresses the time of an event or action. Time and how it is expressed in writing.
UNITÉ 1 AU JOUR LE JOUR. avoir + past participle – er = é – ir = i – re = u être + past participle – PP must agree with subject in number and gender masc.
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