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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Strutture 7B.1 you learned the informal imperative. Use the formal imperative to give commands, directions, and suggestions to a person you address using Lei.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-2 The formal imperative forms correspond to Lei and Loro. Form the Lei imperative by dropping the -o ending of the first person present-tense form and adding -i to -are verbs and -a to -ere and -ire verbs.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-3 Apra la porta, signorina! Open the door, Miss! Compri lasciugatrice, signore! Buy the clothes dryer, Sir! Si siedano, signori! Be seated, gentlemen! Sedetevi, signori! Sit down, gentlemen! Remember that Loros use is limited to very formal situations. The imperative form of voi is much more commonly used to address a group.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-4 For verbs that are irregular in the first person present, change the final -o to -a. Signorina, venga in cucina e beva unaranciata. Miss, come into the kitchen and drink an orange soda. Esca subito, dottore! Vada con Giuseppe. Go out at once, Doctor! Go with Giuseppe. Faccia il bucato, per favore. Do the laundry, please. Dica la verità! Tell the truth!
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-5 Stia tranquillo! Li lavo io. Be calm. Ill wash them. Abbia pazienza, signora! Be patient, Miss! Some common verbs are irregular in the formal imperative.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-6 To form the Loro imperative of all regular or irregular verbs, drop the -o ending of the first person present-tense form and add -ino to -are verbs and -ano to -ere and -ire verbs. Guardino che bella villa! Look what a beautiful villa! Vedano comè grande il cortile. See how large the courtyard is.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-7 Non dica niente a mia madre! Dont say anything to my mother! Non faccia rumore. Dont make noise. To make a negative formal command, add non before the affirmative form. No other changes are necessary.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-8 Si svegli, signore. Vuole il caffè? Ne prenda un po. Wake up, Sir. Do you want some coffee? Have some. Le bambine faranno i letti. Gli dia (Dia loro) le lenzuola. The girls will make the beds. Give them the sheets. Unlike with informal commands, object and reflexive pronouns precede formal commands. The only exception is the indirect object pronoun loro.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-9 Here are some common expressions using the formal imperative.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-10 Prego, si accomodi! Please, make yourself comfortable! Venga pure! Come in, by all means! Words such as prego and pure can be used to soften a command or to offer encouragement.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-11 1. Professore, (passa / passi) laspirapolvere dopo la lezione! 2. Signora, (pulisci / pulisca) i fornelli! 3. Per favore, mi (dai / dia) la scopa! 4. Signori, (facciano / faccia) attenzione! 5. Mi (scusa / scusi), dovè il ferro da stiro? 6. Dottori, (spazzino / spazzi) il laboratorio! 7. (Siamo / Sia) paziente, sarà tutto impeccabile tra due minuti! 8. Signora Paoletti, (stira / stiri) le lenzuola, per favore! Scegli la forma corretta dellimperativo informale per completare ogni frase.
Los mandatos informales
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-1 Punto di partenza Although the passato prossimo and the imperfetto are both past tenses, they have distinct.
Punto di partenza Partitives express some or any; they refer to part of a whole or an undefined quantity. To form the partitive in Italian, combine the.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-1 Punto di partenza Comparatives of equality (comparativi di uguaglianza) are used to indicate that two people,
Commands and Pronoun Placement
The infinitives of most French verbs end in -er
Lezione Uno Conversazione basica. Hello and goodbye: Ciao-hi Salve-hello (formal) Buon giorno- good morning Buon pomeriggio-good afternoon Buona sera-good.
IMPERATIVO! (per comandare...)
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-1 Punto di partenza Youve learned how to use the passato prossimo to express past actions. Now youll learn.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere (to have to/must; to owe), potere (to be able to/can), and volere (to.
5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs.
Punto di partenza Adverbs describe how, when, and where actions take place. They modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Unlike adjectives, adverbs.
Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that.
Punto di partenza Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Italian, adjectives are often used with the verb essere to point out.
1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Definite and indefinite articles must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. They vary.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere Conoscere and sapere both mean to know, but they are used in different contexts.
Punto di partenza A reflexive verb “reflects” the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form of reflexives ends with the reflexive pronoun.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
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