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1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.2-1 Definite and indefinite articles must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. They vary.

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Presentation on theme: "1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1.2-1 Definite and indefinite articles must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. They vary."— Presentation transcript:

1 1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Definite and indefinite articles must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. They vary in form for pronunciation purposes, and in spelling depending on the word they precede. Articles

2 1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Definite articles (the) Before...masc. sing.fem. sing.masc. pl.fem. pl. most consonants il padrela madrei genitorile sorelle s + cons., z, y, x, ps, gn lo psiclogola zagli studenti le scuole a vowelluomolamicagli uminile amiche Articles

3 1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Articles Indefinite articles (a; an) Before...masculinefeminine most consonantsun fratellouna cugina s + cons., z, y, x, ps, gnuno stadiouna za a vowelun amoreunamica

4 1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc ATTENZIONE! Omit the indefinite article in these two cases: before unmodified nouns designating profession or religion È professoressa. Shes a professor. but È una professoressa molto divertente. Shes a very funny professor. after che in the expression What a…! Che bel pupazzo di neve! What a nice snowman! Articles

5 1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Use the definite article in these circumstances. when referring to specific people or things Il cane che abbaia si chiama Nobile. The dog that is barking is named Nobile. with last names and titles of peopleHo visto il signor Bianchi stamattina. I saw Mister Bianchi this morning. with geographical names such as countries, continents, large islands, regions, and mountains La Sardegna è unisola molto bella. Sardinia is a very beautiful island. Articles

6 1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Articles with days of the week or time expressions, to mean every or each Abbiamo lezione il martedì e il giovedì. We have class every Tuesday and Thursday. with the hour (when telling time)Sono le undici. Its eleven oclock. when describing body parts, such as hair or eye color La mia fidanzata ha gli occhi blu e i capelli biondi. My fiancée has blue eyes and blonde hair. when referring to general categories and abstract ideas Grazie a Meetic ho conosciuto lamore… Thanks to Meetic I found love…

7 1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Articles ATTENZIONE! The definite article is also used when talking about certain illnesses or ailments (Luca ha la febbre). It may also be used before names of languages (Litaliano è la mia lingua preferita).

8 1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Articles ATTENZIONE! Remember to use the definite article le when telling time for all numbered hours, except one oclock, which takes a singular article (luna). Dont forget to use the indefinite article un for quarter past an hour or quarter to the next hour.

9 1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc When the definite article follows the prepositions a, di, da, in, and su, the article and the preposition form a contraction. +il+lo+l+la+i+gli+le a (in; at)alalloallallaaiaglialle di (of)deldellodelldelladeideglidelle da (from; for)daldallodalldalladaidaglidalle in (in)nelnellonellnellaneineglinelle su (on; about)sulsullosullsullasuisuglisulle Articles


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