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5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Uses of ci You have already learned that ci is used as a reflexive and reciprocal pronoun meaning ourselves or each other and as a direct and indirect object pronoun meaning us or to us. Ci also has other meanings and uses. Ci and ne
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Ci can refer to a location. It often replaces a prepositional phrase introduced by a, su, or in. Vai in discoteca stasera? Are you going to the dance club tonight? Sì, ci vado con Roberto. Yes, Im going there with Roberto. Hanno messo i cibi sul tavolo? Did they put the food on the table? No, ci hanno messo le bottiglie. No, they put the bottles there. Ci and ne
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Ci can replace da + [noun/pronoun] to mean someones house or someones place. Venite da me domenica? Are you coming to my place Sunday? Sì, ci veniamo. Yes, were coming. Mi porti dal dentista? Will you take me to the dentist? Sì, ti ci porto. Yes, Ill take you there. Ci and ne
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Ci often replaces a phrase introduced by a or su after verbs such as riuscire (a), pensare (a), credere (in/a), and contare (su). Possiamo contare sul suo aiuto? Can we count on his help? Sì, ci possiamo contare. Yes, we can count on it. Credi a Babbo Natale? Do you believe in Santa Claus? Ovviamente, ci credo! Obviously I believe in him! È riuscita a mangiare tutti gli gnocchi? Was she able to eat all the gnocchi? No, non ci è riuscita. No, she couldnt do it. Ci and ne
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc ATTENZIONE! Ci is frequently used with verbs such as andare, venire, stare, rimanere, restare, and essere because they often are followed by a prepositional phrase indicating location. Ci and ne
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc ATTENZIONE! When ci is used with a direct object pronoun, a reflexive pronoun, or ne, the pronoun precedes ci in some cases and follows it in others. The correct forms are mi ci, ti ci, vi ci, ci si, ce lo, ce l, ce la, ce li, ce le, ce ne. The form vi ci is used to avoid the awkward form ci ci. Note that ci changes to ce before lo, la, l, li, le, and ne. Avete messo il rossetto nel cassetto? Did you put the lipstick in the drawer? Sì, ce labbiamo messo. Yes, we put it there. Ci and ne
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Ci precedes a conjugated verb and the formal imperative, but follows and is attached to infinitives and informal imperatives. Drop the –e of the infinitive before attaching ci. Ecco la mia borsa. Mettici le chiavi. Heres my purse. Put the keys in it. Devo andare a Perugia, ma non desidero restarci. I have to go to Perugia, but I dont want to stay there. Ci and ne
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Verbs such as avercela (con), farcela, tenerci, sentirci, vederci, volerci, and metterci have idiomatic meanings that are not related to location. Volerci, used only in the third person, refers to how long it takes to do something, and metterci, conjugated in all forms, refers to how long it takes a particular person to do something. Ci and ne
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Ci and ne Non so perché lui ce lha con me. I dont know why he has it in for me. Penso di farcela; anzi, ci tengo! I think I can get it done; in fact, doing it means a lot to me! Quanto tempo ci vuole per andare a Roma? How long does it take to get to Rome? Ci hanno messo unora per finire il giallo. It took them an hour to finish the detective story. Mia nonna ha novanta anni. Non ci sente e non ci vede più. My grandmother is ninety years old. She cant hear or see anything anymore.
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Uses of ne Ne is used to replace a phrase introduced by a preposition. Ne typically replaces di + [a person or thing], di + [an infinitive] or da + [a place]. Ci and ne Hai paura dei serpenti? Are you afraid of snakes? Io, sì, ne ho molta paura. I am, Im really afraid of them Avete voglia di andare in trattoria? Do you feel like going to the trattoria? Sì, ne abbiamo voglia. Yes, we feel like it. Sono tornati dalla spiaggia. Ne sono tornati stanchi ma felici. They came back from the beach. They came back (from there) tired but happy.
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Ci and ne ATTENZIONE! Ne is used idiomatically with certain expressions and verbs. Andarsene, to go away, and the phrase che ne dici (di)…?, what do you think (of)…? are two examples. You may also use ne when asking what the date is. Non voglio più vederti! Vattene! I dont want to see you anymore. Go away! Che ne dici di fare una passeggiata con me? What do you think of taking a walk with me? Quanti ne abbiamo oggi? Whats the date today?
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Ne replaces nouns that are introduced by the partitive. The partitive article is deleted along with the noun that is being replaced. Ho trovato del limoncello al supermercato. Ne vuoi? I bought some limoncello at the supermarket. Do you want some? Mia madre mi dà spesso delle caramelle, ma non ne dà a mia sorella. My mother often gives me hard candies, but she doesnt give any to my sister. Ci and ne
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Ne also replaces a noun or phrase introduced by an expression of quantity or a number. The number or quantity remains in the sentence even after the noun or phrase is replaced. Note that in this instance ne means of it or of them, which often is not expressed in English. Quanti amici hai? How many friends do you have? Ne ho tanti! I have many (of them)! Mi compri un gelato? Will you buy me an ice cream? Certo, te ne compro due se vuoi! Of course, Ill buy you two (of them) if you like! Ci and ne
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc When ne replaces a noun or a partitive and is used with a verb in a compound tense, the past participle agrees in number and gender with the noun that ne replaces. There is no agreement when ne replaces a prepositional phrase. Quante magliette hai comprato al mercato di SantAmbrogio? Ne ho comprate tre. How many T-shirts did you buy at the SantAmbrogio market? I bought three (of them). Berenice ha preso degli asparagi e ne ha dati un po a Matteo. Berenice took some asparagus and gave some (of them) to Matteo. Ci and ne
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Ci and ne ATTENZIONE! When ne is combined with other pronouns, it comes last. Also, remember to change ci to ce when combined with ne. See the combined pronouns chart on p. 134.
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Ci and ne ATTENZIONE! Pensare may be followed by the preposition a or di. Both are translated to think about in English. However, with a, the verb has a meaning of to consider something whereas di suggests an opinion. Note how ne and ci can be used with pensare in these instances. Cosa pensi del mio motorino? Che ne pensi? What do you think of my scooter? What do you think of it? Pensi ai tuoi guai? Do you think about your problems? Sì, ci penso ogni giorno. Yes, I think about them every day.
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Ci and ne When using the various forms of tutto, you must use the appropriate direct object pronoun instead of ne. Lha mangiato tutto! He ate the whole thing! / He ate all of it!
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
Ci Signora Albanese Italiano III. Ci You have seen CI used so far as: As a reflexive pronoun: Ci laviamo: We wash ourselves. Ci vediamo: We will see each.
The. of and a to in is you that it he for.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.3-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned how to talk about the past, the present, and the future. Now.
6.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc There are many ways to express negation (la negazione) in Italian. The simplest way is to place the.
Ripasso della grammatica Forza III Capitolo 1-4 I pronomi personali io = I tu = you (sing. Fam.) lui/lei = he/she Lei = you (formal) noi = we voi = you.
5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Partitives and expressions of quantity Ha fatto tanti chilometri.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.1-1 Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an.
Ripasso della grammatica Forza III Capitolo 1-4. Ordinal numbers 1° = primo (first)6° = sesto (sixth) 2° = secondo (second)7° = settimo (seventh) 3° =
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-1 Punto di partenza Partitives express some or any; they refer to part of a whole or an undefined quantity.
Sight Word Phrases Group 1. the little boy a good boy.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
Dolch Words the of and to a in that is was.
5.3 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Il futuro semplice To form the simple future (il futuro semplice), drop the final –e of the infinitive.
Of. and a to the in is you that it at be.
3.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc The passato prossimo with avere and essere Use the passato prossimo to express an action completed in.
Translation sentences Se mi aiuterai in cucina, potremo mangiare prima stasera. Il macellaio è sempre chiuso il martedì pomeriggio, allora dovresti comprare.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1B, you learned how to form yes-or-no questions and questions with interrogative.
5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.9A.2-1 Punto di partenza Relative pronouns link two phrases together into a longer, more complex sentence. The.
A. as is a couldn’t does could has wouldn’t.
The people Look for some people. Write it down. By the water So there you are. Who will make it? You and I A long time What will they do?
Sandra Boyd. Personal Pronouns A pronoun is a word that takes the place of one or more nouns. The most frequently used pronouns are called personal pronouns.
REPORTED SPEECH STATEMENTSQUESTIONSINSTRUCTIONS 1.
Englewood Public Schools Englewood, Colorado 2009 A Compilation of E.W. Dolch 1936, The Reading Teachers Book of Lists, Fourth Edition,© 2000 by Prentice.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere (to have to/must; to owe), potere (to be able to/can), and volere (to.
First Grade Sight Words a in I and is it for.
Lap 1. the to and he a I you it of in Lap 2.
Ripasso di captitolo 6 Il passato prossimo. Come si dice…? Yesterdayieri The day before yesterday Laltro ieri Last week La settimana scorsa (passata)
The. of and a to in is you that it he was.
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