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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere (to have to/must; to owe), potere (to be able to/can), and volere (to want) are irregular. All three are commonly used in two-verb constructions with infinitives to express what someone has to, can, or wants to do.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-2
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-3 Dovere is normally used with other verbs to express obligation. Use a conjugated form of dovere + [infinitive] to express what has to or must be done. Devo scaricare il documento. I must download the document. Dovete comporre il numero. You have to dial the number.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-4 In addition to obligation, dovere + [infinitive] can imply probability. Non risponde! La segreteria telefonica deve essere spenta. Theres no answer! The answering machine must be off.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-5 Dovere also means to owe. In this case, dovere is used without another verb. Devi cento euro alla mamma? Do you owe Mom 100 euros? Non dobbiamo niente. We dont owe anything.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-6 Like dovere, potere is normally used with other verbs. The verb that follows potere must always be in the infinitive form. Puoi salvare la password? Are you able to save the password? Non posso accendere la TV. I am not able to turn on the TV.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-7 Potere can express either ability (the equivalent of can in English) or permission to do something (may in English). Non posso trovare il telecomando! I cant find the remote control! Posso usare il tuo cellulare? May I use your cell phone?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-8 Volere can be used either with nouns or with verbs in the infinitive form. Vuoi comprare un computer? Do you want to buy a computer? Sì, voglio un nuovo computer. Yes, I want a new computer.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-9 In Lezione 2B you learned the expression avere voglia di. Use this expression to mean to feel like having/doing something; use the verb volere to express to want. Hai voglia di guardare la TV? Do you feel like watching TV? Vogliono navigare in rete. They want to surf the Web.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-10 Volere followed by the infinitive dire (to say; to tell) expresses to mean. Use the expression Cosa vuol dire...? to ask what something means. Note that the form vuole is commonly shortened to vuol in this construction. Se squilla, vuol dire che funziona. If it rings, it means its working. Cosa vogliono dire queste frasi? What do these sentences mean?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-11 dovere 1. Tu ________ tornare a mezzogiorno? 2. Virginia ________ mangiare alle dodici e trenta. 3. Noi ________ dare alla mamma venti euro. potere 4. Io non ________ lavare i piatti (dishes) stasera. 5. Tu ________ comprare i biglietti per il cinema? 6. Gianna ________ andare alluniversità in bicicletta. volere 7. Voi ________ andare al ristorante domenica? 8. Anna, ________ un caffè o un cappuccino? 9. I professori ________ preparare un esame facile. devi Completa ogni frase con la forma corretta del verbo indicato.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-1 Punto di partenza Although the passato prossimo and the imperfetto are both past tenses, they have distinct.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-1 Punto di partenza Comparatives of equality (comparativi di uguaglianza) are used to indicate that two people,
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.1-1 Punto di partenza Youve learned how to use the passato prossimo to express past actions. Now youll learn.
Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Strutture 7B.1 you learned the informal imperative. Use the formal imperative to give.
7.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Conoscere and sapere Conoscere and sapere both mean to know, but they are used in different contexts.
Punto di partenza A reflexive verb “reflects” the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form of reflexives ends with the reflexive pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the verb essere with numbers to tell time.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.3-1 Punto di partenza You are already familiar with Italian verbs that end in -are and -ere. The third class.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 1A you learned the numbers 0–100. The chart below shows numbers above one hundred. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different endings to the stem. Conjugate regular.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.10B.1-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned that the present tense in Italian can be used to describe what.
Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an irregular verb, you will need to memorize its present.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs andare (to go), dare (to give), fare (to do; to make), and stare (to be; to.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1B, you learned how to form yes-or-no questions and questions with interrogative.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8B.3-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere, potere, and volere have special meanings in the present and past conditional.
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