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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-1 Punto di partenza Comparatives of equality (comparativi di uguaglianza) are used to indicate that two people, things, or qualities are equal. In Italian, comparisons of equality are expressed with (così)... come and (tanto)... quanto. Lei è così alta come lui. She is as tall as he is. È tanto gentile quanto ubbidiente. He is as kind as he is obedient.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-2 (così) + [ adjective or adverb ] + come (tanto) + [ adjective or adverb ] + quanto With adjectives or adverbs, use either of the following constructions. Both are equivalent to as + [adjective/adverb] + as in English.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-3 Così and tanto are optional in these constructions with adjectives and adverbs, and are frequently omitted. Rita guida (tanto) bene quanto Mario. Rita drives as well as Mario. La mia macchina era (così) bella come la tua. My car was as beautiful as yours.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-4 Lautobus non sarà veloce come il taxi. The bus wont be as fast as a taxi. La cintura è necessaria quanto i freni. The seatbelt is as necessary as the brakes.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-5 When using pronouns after come and quanto, use disjunctive pronouns, which you learned in Lezione 4A. È bello come me il tuo ragazzo? Is your boyfriend as handsome as I am? Lautista è tanto brava quanto te. The driver is as good as you are.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-6
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-7 In questa città ci sono tanti motorini quante macchine. In this city there are as many scooters as cars. Ho visto tanti controllori sul treno quanti passaggeri. I saw as many ticket collectors on the train as passengers. When comparing nouns, use only tanto... quanto (as many/much... as). Note that tanto and quanto agree in gender and number with the nouns that follow them, and tanto cannot be omitted.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-8 Dottore, Lei non guida (tanto) quanto me. Doctor, you dont drive as much as I do. Giosuè ha frenato (tanto) quanto laltra autista. Giosuè braked as much as the other driver. To make comparisons with verbs, use (tanto) quanto (as much as) together after the verb. Tanto is optional.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-9 Viaggia tanto quanto voi? Does she travel as much as you do? Ha speso quanto me per il pieno. He spent as much as I did on gas.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-10 1. Rita guida (tanto / tanti) bene (quanto / quante) Mario. 2. Questa università è (tanta / tanto) grande (quanta / quanto) luniversità dove vai tu. 3. Edoardo mangia (così / come) educatamente (così / come) Giorgio. 4. Anna ha (tanto / tanti) pantaloni (quante / quanti) gonne. 5. Questo computer si blocca (tante / tanto) (quanto / quanti) quel computer. 6. Lucilla è (così / come) bella (così / come) Maria. 7. Ti piace nuotare (tanta / tanto) (quante / quanto) giocare a tennis? 8. Alessandro è (tanti / tanto) intelligente (quanto / quante) divertente. Scegli la forma corretta per completare le frasi seguenti.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.2-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned how to form comparisons of equality. Use comparatives of inequality.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1B, you learned how to form yes-or-no questions and questions with interrogative.
The subjunctive/ il congiuntivo
Comparativo- Equalita’. In English we use the construction "as...as" (e.g. Jen is as pretty as a flower). But what about Italian? You have two options:
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.9A.2-1 Punto di partenza Relative pronouns link two phrases together into a longer, more complex sentence. The.
Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an irregular verb, you will need to memorize its present.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom.
Punto di partenza A direct object receives the action of a verb directly and answers the question what? or whom? Direct objects generally follow the verb.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6B.2-1 Punto di partenza Although the passato prossimo and the imperfetto are both past tenses, they have distinct.
Punto di partenza Adverbs describe how, when, and where actions take place. They modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Unlike adjectives, adverbs.
Punto di partenza You have already learned some prepositions and prepositional contractions in Italian, such as di to show possession and alle when referring.
Punto di partenza Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Italian, adjectives are often used with the verb essere to point out.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.3-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned how to talk about the past, the present, and the future. Now.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Strutture 7B.1 you learned the informal imperative. Use the formal imperative to give.
2.3 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Possessive adjectives and pronouns Possessive adjectives and pronouns indicate ownership, possession,
Piacere and similar verbs
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
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