A Church Divided Pope and King CollidePope and King Collide –Kings must obey Popes (Boniface stated) –King Phillip IV of France asserted power over the bishopsasserted power over the bishops –Phillip had Pope Boniface held prisoner (dies a month later) –No Pope will ever have power over the Monarchs again AvignonAvignon –King Phillip IV persuaded to have a French Cardinal to become Pope –Clement V chosen and moved the papacy from Rome to Avignon, France. (Pope’s will live there for 69 years)
A Church Divided Continued Great SchismGreat Schism –1378 Pope Gregory XI died while visiting Rome –College of Cardinals chose Pope Urban VI-mistake! –2 months later chose a 2 nd pope- Clement VII (French) –French Pope lived in Avignon and the Italian Pope lived in Rome. –This was known as the Great Schism (Division) –1414- Chose a 3 rd Pope at the council of Pisa –1417- forced all three to resign and elected a new Pope (Pope Martin V) –This ended the Great Schism, but left the papacy greatly weakened
Scholars Challenge Church Authority John WycliffeJohn Wycliffe –Radical Preached that Jesus Christ, NOT the pope, was the true head of the ChurchPreached that Jesus Christ, NOT the pope, was the true head of the Church Jan HusJan Hus –Influenced by Wycliffe –Bible was higher in authority than the pope –was EXCOMMUNICATED burned at the stakeburned at the stake
Bubonic Plague go to staff shared and click on bubonic plague pp
Bubonic Plague: Black Death Began in AsiaBegan in Asia Arrived in Europe by merchant shipsArrived in Europe by merchant ships Spread throughout Europe by trade routesSpread throughout Europe by trade routes Killed 25 millionKilled 25 million Effects:--Church fell apartEffects:--Church fell apart –decrease in population -unanswered prayers –inflation--Jews were blamed –manor system crumbled- peasant revolts
Hundred Years War France vs. EnglandFrance vs. England –Last Capetian King died without a successor –King Edward III (Phillip IV grandson) fought for the claim of the throne---last for 100 years all on French soil –Victory passed back and forth up until 1421 when the French rallied and pushed the English off of their soil in 1453.
100 years and Change WarfareWarfare –Longbow defeated the chivalric aspect of fighting Joan of ArcJoan of Arc –1429 13 yr old peseant girl who heard voices to return the French crown back to the French heir Charles VII –1429 led French forces and won at the battle of Orleans….Charles VII was crowned King of France –1430 was captured by the English and burned at the stake
Impact of the 100 years war The war exhausted both sidesThe war exhausted both sides Major changes:Major changes: –Feeling of nationalism –Power and Prestige of French monarch increased –War of the Roses- two families fought over the English throne The end of the Middle Ages The end of the Middle Ages