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 Avignon  Great Schism  John Wycliffe  Jan Hus  Bubonic plague  Hundred Years’ War  Joan of Arc.

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Presentation on theme: " Avignon  Great Schism  John Wycliffe  Jan Hus  Bubonic plague  Hundred Years’ War  Joan of Arc."— Presentation transcript:


2  Avignon  Great Schism  John Wycliffe  Jan Hus  Bubonic plague  Hundred Years’ War  Joan of Arc

3  Pope and King collide  Pope Boniface tried to enforce papal authority on kings  King Philip IV asserted authority over bishops  Boniface said that kings must always obey popes

4  My master’s sword is made of steel, his sword is made of words  Philip held pope as a prisoner in 1303  King wanted to put him on trial  Pope rescued and died one month later

5  Philip IV had College of Cardinals pick a French bishop as Pope  Clement IV moved from Rome to Avignon › Pope would live there for 69 years  This move weakened the church

6 Pope Urban IV was picked an Italian Pope Urban IV was a reformer Cardinals picked a second pope Clement VII French pope in Avignon and Italian pope in Rome

7  Great Schism- the split of the church  1414 Council of Constance tried to pick just one pope  Now there were three popes  All popes resigned  1417 one pop picked

8 John Wycliffe- preached Jesus Christ not the pope was the head of the church Offended by the worldly wealth of the clergy Clergy should not own land or have wealth Bible not pope the final authority English translation of the Bible

9 Jan Hus- professor in Bohemia taught bible higher authority then the pope 1412 he was excommunicated 1414 he was tried as a heretic 1415 burned at the stake

10  1300’s Asia, North Africa, and Europe  1/3 of the population dies  Bubonic plague- deadly disease  Epidemic ripped communities apart

11 Began in Asia 1347 Genoese fleets arrived in Sicily with the Plague Known as black death – Purplish black spots on skin From Italy to Spain, France, Germany and North Africa

12  Took four years to reach all of Europe  25 million Europeans die  Many more in Africa and Asia  Struck every few years

13  Manorial system began to crumble  Town population fell  Trade declined, prices rose  Peasant revolts in England, France and Italy  Jews blamed for the plague driven from their home’s, persecuted  Church loss of prestige, prayers failed, priests left

14  England and France fought on French soil  Edward III was a grandson of Philip IV claimed French throne  1337-1453 was started by Edward  Went back and forth  1421-1453 English drive out

15  Changed style of warfare  Some warriors under chivalry  Newer foot soldiers and archers

16  Introduced by the English  First battle was Crecy  1346 English outnumbered 3 to 1  French had knights, crossbows  Thousands of arrows flew

17  Caused a retreat and panic  Knights trampled the crossbows  Volley after volley  Knights left on the ground  Knights slaughtered by English with knives

18  1/3 of French Army was killed  Longbow won the day  Knights would become extinct  Battle of Poitiers and Battle of Agincourt

19  1420 French an English signed a treaty  Henry V would inherit the French crown  Joan of Arc- 1429 French teenage peasant  Move by god to rescue France

20  Age 13 had visions an hear voices of the saints  Urged her to drive English from France  1429 Joan led a French Army  Joan and a few troops charged the fort, French army followed

21  Joan of Arc ended the siege of Orleans  Charles crowned King of France  English captured Joan  Charles did not help her  She was burned at the stake as a witch

22  Ended 1453  Feeling of nationalism in France an England › Fight for glory of the country › King national leader  Power an prestige of French Monarchs  England internal turmoil, War of the Roses, fought for throne

23  End of Hundred years War end of the “Middle Ages”  Religious devotion and chivalry crumble › Great schism › Display of wealth by the church › Discrediting church during plague

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