Presentation on theme: "I did my homework yesterday."— Presentation transcript:
1I did my homework yesterday. REPORTED SPEECHI did my homework yesterday.She said “I did my homework yesterday”.(DIRECT SPEECH)She said(that)she had done her homework the day before.(REPORTED SPEECH)
2TENSES CAN MAY From To Peter: "I work in the garden.“ SIMPLE PRESENT Peter said that he worked in the garden.SIMPLE PASTPeter: "I worked in the garden.“Peter said that he had worked in the garden.PAST PERFECTPeter: "I have worked in the garden.“PRESENT PERFECTPeter: "I had worked in the garden.“Peter: "I will work in the garden.“WILLPeter said that he would work in the garden.WOULDPeter: "I can work in the garden.“CANPeter said that he could work in the garden.COULDPeter: "I may work in the garden.“MAYPeter said that he might work in the garden.MIGHTPeter: "I would work in the garden." (could, might, should, ought to)Peter: "I would work in the garden." (could, might, should, ought to)Progressive formsPeter: "I'm working in the garden.“PRESENT CONTINUOUSPeter said that he was working in the garden.PAST CONTINUOUSPeter: "I was working in the garden.“Peter said that he had been working in the garden.PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUSPeter: "I have been working in the garden.“PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUSPeter: "I had been working in the garden.“
3EXERCISES: « I’m living in New York. » She said… 2. « My brother had an accident. »3. « Tom and Carla can speak Japanese. » She said…
4the weekend before / the previous weekend here there next (week) EXPRESSIONS OF TIMEFromTothis (evening)that (evening)today/this daythat daythese (days)those (days)nowthen(a week) ago(the week) beforeYesterdayThe day beforelast weekendthe weekend before / the previous weekendheretherenext (week)the following (week)tomorrowthe next/following day
5EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. « Janet and Paul are going to visit Italy next month. »She said2. « I haven’t seen Diana last night. »3. ‘I bought the tickets yesterday.’4. ‘He won’t be in the office tomorrow.’
6SAY / TELL SAY *She said (that)…….. *She said to me (that)… TELL *She told me that….
7EXERCISES: Choose the correct word. -1. She said / told us to stand up.2. Mr Jones said / told the manager he was leaving.3. Everybody said / told the concert had been terrible.4. I didn’t say / tell Meg that I was coming today.5. The Prime Minister said / told that things would get better soon.6. Alice said / told she was sick.7. Nancy didn’t say / tell us anything.8. You said / told me you were working tonight.
8EXERCISES: Write in the DIRECT SPEECH. 1. He said that she would leave at six.__________________________________2. He said that Peter went fishing.3. I said that I had just seen Mark.4. Alan told me that Angela was watching TV.5. They said the cat had been sleeping on the sofa.6. I said that we were late.
91. “The manager will be in his office all afternoon.”The secretary told me that the manager ………in his office all afternoon.A.will have beenB.would have beenC.would beD.will haveE.would have had
102- “I can’t understand why the lawyer hasn’t sent in his report.” The director said he ……… in his report.A. couldn’t have understood why the lawyer hadn’t sentB. can’t understand why the lawyer hasn’t sentC. couldn’t understand why the lawyer didn’t sendD. couldn’t understand why the lawyer hadn’t sendE. can’t understand why the lawyer isn’t sending
113- “We don’t want to go without you.” The girls told us that ………A. they hadn’t wanted to come without youB. they would have come without usC. they didn’t want to go without youD. they wanted to go with usE. they didn’t want to go without us
124- Haluk said Jane couldn’t remember where she had put the hammer. Which is the direct form?A. “I couldn’t remember where I had put the hammer.”B. “Jane couldn’t remember where I had put the hammer.”C. “I can’t remember where she put the hammer.”D. “Jane can’t remember where she put the hammer.”E. Jane couldn’t have remembered where she had put the hammer.”
135- “We have been planning to go to the doctor for a check up.” Burcu said that they ……… for a check up.A. had been planning to go to the doctorB. were planning to have gone to the doctorC. had planed to be going to the doctorD. had plans to go to the doctorE. had planned for the doctor
14Did you do your homework? QuestionsA) Yes-NoquestionsDid you do your homework?She asked me if/whether I had done my homework.Is Patrick sick?- She asked me if Patrick was sick.RULE: We use IF or WHETHER and the verb goes afterthe subject.
15Where did Patrick do his homework? QuestionsB) WH - questionsWhat do you want to do?She asked me WHAT I wanted to do.Where did Patrick do his homework?- She asked me WHERE Patrick had done his homework.RULE: We keep the WH QUESTION ,no auxiliaries andthe verb after the subject.
16EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. 1 ‘Where is the Sagrada Familia?’A tourist asked me2 ‘Who did you meet last night?’Sheila’s mum asked her3 ‘What have you done with your homework?’Jack’s teacher asked him4 ‘When do you want to take your holiday?’Fred’s boss asked him5 ‘Do you want to buy any duty-free goods?’The flight attendant asked us
176 ‘Do you want to try the chef’s special?’ The waiter asked them7 ‘Why do you hate your parents?’The psychologist asked her8 ‘How much money do you have?’The customs officer asked us9 ‘How long are you staying in England?’The immigration officer asked him10 ‘Will you be home later?’His mother asked him
18EXERCISES: These are some of the questions from Andrew’s Job interview EXERCISES: These are some of the questions from Andrew’s Job interview.Write them in the REPORTED SPEECH.1.“ How old are you? “ He asked…2.“ Are you married? “ He asked…3.“ Do you live nearby? “ He wanted to know …4.“ Where have you worked before? “ He asked …5.“ Can you speak German or French?” He wanted to know …6.“ Do you have a driving licence?” He asked…7.“ How much do you expect to earn?” He asked…8.“ When can you start?” He asked…
19Could you help me with my cat? Would you take care of my cat? RequestsCould you help me with my cat?The girl asked me TO HELP HER WITH HER CAT.Would you take care of my cat?- The girl asked me TO TAKE CARE OF HER CAT.RULE: We use the infinitive of the principal verb.
20Orders Write these sentences! Don’t talk, please! The teacher told us TO WRITE THOSE SENTENCES.Don’t talk, please!The teacher told us NOT TO TALK IN CLASS.
21EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. 1 My best friend said to me, ‘Could you lend me 100 euros?’My best friend asked me2 The bank robber said to her ‘Put your hands behind your head.’THE BANK ROBBER TOLD HER3. The teacher said to us, ‘Be quiet!’…THE TEACHER TOLD US4 My mother said to my brother ‘Please don’t bang the door’……MY MOTHER TOLD HIM
225 The dentist said to him, ‘Open wide!’ …………………………………………………………………………………….6 The flight attendant said to them, ‘Would you mind not smoking?’7 My father said to me, ‘Could you phone me at 6?’
231- “Don’t throw the paper on the floor.” The shopkeeper told the boy ……… on the floor.a.that he had thrown the paperb.he threw the paperc.not to throw the paperd.not to have thrown the papere.that he didn’t throw the paper
242- “Why are you late? What is your excuse?” The officer wanted to know ………a.why I am so late and what is the excuse isb.why I was so late and what my excuse wasc.if I was so late and had an excused.that I was so late but had an excusee.how late I was and if I had an excuse
253-“Do you want me to turn off the radio?” I asked my sister ………me to turn off the radio.a.whether you wantedb.whether you wantc.that she had wanted,d.if she would have wantede.if she wanted
264- “Don’t drive so fast.”The policeman told me ………a.that I shouldn’t drive so fastb.not to drive so fastc.if I didn’t drive so fastd.that I shouldn’t have driven so faste.whether I was driving so fast
275- “Will Jane be preparing the dinner during the afternoon?” Robert asked me ……… the dinner during theafternoon.a.whether Jane will have preparedb.that Jane would have preparedc.whether Jane would prepared.if Jane will be preparinge.if Jane would be preparing
286- “How much time do we have to get packed?” She asked ……… to get packed.a.how much time we neededb.how much time have we hadc.how much time we hadd.how much time she had been givene.how much time there was left
297- “What is Jane’s phone number?” Teval asked me ………a.if it was Jane’s phone numberb.what Jane’s number wasc.for Jane’s phone numberd.what was Jane’s phone numbere.whether I had Jane’s phone number
308- “Is this book yours?”Jerry asked ………a.whose book this wasb.if it was yours bookc.if it wasn’t my bookd.whose book it ise.if it was my book
31Reporting verbsA: Peter, you should get a new job because you are a hard worker.Jack encouraged me to look for a new job.B: Students! All of you are invited to attend Mr. Lopez’s presentation.They invited all their friends to attend the presentation.
32A: Where are you going, Mickey? B: I’m going to my job.A: oh! I live around your job. I can give you a lift.She offered to give him a lift to work.A: JohnMy brother refused to take no for an answer.
33EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. OFFER - APOLOGISE ADVISE1 "I think you should see a doctor", Mary said to me.Mary__me to see a doctor.2 "Shall I carry your bags for you?", I asked Mrs. Robb.I___________to carry Mrs. Robb's bags4 Tim said, "I'm terribly really sorry: I've lost your ball, Tom".Tim ______for losing his ball.
34EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. WARN - SUGGEST REMIND - URGE5) "Don't park your car here or you'll get a fine", said the policeman to Ms Todd.The policeman _________Ms Todd not to park her car there.6) "Please, please, give some money to his foundation", Mr Geldorff said to the participants.Mr Geldorff ______the participants to give some money to his foundation.7) "Remember to lock the door when you go out", John said to his daughter.John__________ his daughter to lock the door.8) "Let's go to the theatre tomorrow", Frank said.Frank ______going to the theatre the next day.
35EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. THREATEN - PROMISE - SUGGEST - AGREE9) "Why don't you buy a Travelcard?", the ticket officer said to Mary.The ticket officer ____buyING a Travelcard.10) "If you do that again I'll kill you Sam", said Lenny.Lenny ____to kill Sam if he did that again.11) "OK, OK, I'll go shopping with you", said Bob to his wife.Bob ________to go shopping with his wife.12) "Don't worry. I'll help you wash the car", said Susan to her father.Susan____to help her father.
36EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. WANT - ACCEPT – ORDER - INVITE14) "You must come home immediately", Lorna said to her daughter.Lorna ___________her daughter to go home immediately.15) "Have you seen 'Lord of the Rings', Freddie?" asked Kevin. "Yes, I have", said Freddie.Kevin ___________to know if Freddie had seen "Lord of the Rings" and Freddie that he had.16) "Would you like to come to my birthday party?" said Sandra to Daisy and Daisy said, "With pleasure!".Sandra____Daisy to her birthday party and Daisy _____.