Presentation on theme: "REPORTED SPEECH I did my homework yesterday. -She said “I did my homework yesterday”. (DIRECT SPEECH) -She said(that)she had done her homework the day."— Presentation transcript:
REPORTED SPEECH I did my homework yesterday. -She said “I did my homework yesterday”. (DIRECT SPEECH) -She said(that)she had done her homework the day before. (REPORTED SPEECH)
TENSES FromTo Peter: "I work in the garden.“ SIMPLE PRESENT Peter said that he worked in the garden. SIMPLE PAST Peter: "I worked in the garden.“ SIMPLE PAST Peter said that he had worked in the garden. PAST PERFECT Peter: "I have worked in the garden.“ PRESENT PERFECT Peter: "I had worked in the garden.“ PAST PERFECT Peter: "I will work in the garden.“ WILL Peter said that he would work in the garden. WOULD Peter: "I can work in the garden.“ CAN Peter said that he could work in the garden. COULD Peter: "I may work in the garden.“ MAY Peter said that he might work in the garden. MIGHT Peter: "I would work in the garden." (could, might, should, ought to) Progressive forms Peter: "I'm working in the garden.“ PRESENT CONTINUOUS Peter said that he was working in the garden. PAST CONTINUOUS Peter: "I was working in the garden.“ PAST CONTINUOUS Peter said that he had been working in the garden. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS Peter: "I have been working in the garden.“ PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Peter: "I had been working in the garden.“ PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
EXERCISES: 1.« I’m living in New York. » She said… 2. « My brother had an accident. » She said… 3. « Tom and Carla can speak Japanese. » She said…
EXPRESSIONS OF TIME FromTo this (evening)that (evening) today/this daythat day these (days)those (days) nowthen (a week) ago(the week) before YesterdayThe day before last weekendthe weekend before / the previous weekend herethere next (week)the following (week) tomorrowthe next/following day
EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. 1.« Janet and Paul are going to visit Italy next month. » She said 2. « I haven’t seen Diana last night. » She said 3. ‘I bought the tickets yesterday.’ She said 4. ‘He won’t be in the office tomorrow.’ She said
SAY / TELL SAY *She said (that)…….. *She said to me (that)… TELL *She told me that….
EXERCISES: Choose the correct word She said / told us to stand up. 2. Mr Jones said / told the manager he was leaving. 3. Everybody said / told the concert had been terrible. 4. I didn’t say / tell Meg that I was coming today. 5. The Prime Minister said / told that things would get better soon. 6. Alice said / told she was sick. 7. Nancy didn’t say / tell us anything. 8. You said / told me you were working tonight.
EXERCISES: Write in the DIRECT SPEECH. 1. He said that she would leave at six. __________________________________ 2. He said that Peter went fishing. __________________________________ 3. I said that I had just seen Mark. __________________________________ 4. Alan told me that Angela was watching TV. __________________________________ 5. They said the cat had been sleeping on the sofa. __________________________________ 6. I said that we were late. __________________________________
1. “The manager will be in his office all afternoon.” The secretary told me that the manager ……… in his office all afternoon. A.will have been B.would have been C.would be D.will have E.would have had
2- “I can’t understand why the lawyer hasn’t sent in his report.” The director said he ……… in his report. A. couldn’t have understood why the lawyer hadn’t sent B. can’t understand why the lawyer hasn’t sent C. couldn’t understand why the lawyer didn’t send D. couldn’t understand why the lawyer hadn’t send E. can’t understand why the lawyer isn’t sending
3- “We don’t want to go without you.” The girls told us that ……… A. they hadn’t wanted to come without you B. they would have come without us C. they didn’t want to go without you D. they wanted to go with us E. they didn’t want to go without us
4- Haluk said Jane couldn’t remember where she had put the hammer. Which is the direct form? A. “I couldn’t remember where I had put the hammer.” B. “Jane couldn’t remember where I had put the hammer.” C. “I can’t remember where she put the hammer.” D. “Jane can’t remember where she put the hammer.” E. Jane couldn’t have remembered where she had put the hammer.”
5- “We have been planning to go to the doctor for a check up.” Burcu said that they ……… for a check up. A. had been planning to go to the doctor B. were planning to have gone to the doctor C. had planed to be going to the doctor D. had plans to go to the doctor E. had planned for the doctor
Questions Did you do your homework? -She asked me if/whether I had done my homework. Is Patrick sick? - She asked me if Patrick was sick. A) Yes-No questions RULE: We use IF or WHETHER and the verb goes after the subject.
Questions Where did Patrick do his homework? B) WH - questions What do you want to do? -She asked me WHAT I wanted to do. - She asked me WHERE Patrick had done his homework. RULE: We keep the WH QUESTION,no auxiliaries and the verb after the subject.
EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. 1 ‘Where is the Sagrada Familia?’ A tourist asked me 2 ‘Who did you meet last night?’ Sheila’s mum asked her 3 ‘What have you done with your homework?’ Jack’s teacher asked him 4 ‘When do you want to take your holiday?’ Fred’s boss asked him 5 ‘Do you want to buy any duty-free goods?’ The flight attendant asked us
6 ‘Do you want to try the chef’s special?’ The waiter asked them 7 ‘Why do you hate your parents?’ The psychologist asked her ‘How much money do you have?’ The customs officer asked us ‘How long are you staying in England?’ The immigration officer asked him ‘Will you be home later?’ His mother asked him
EXERCISES: These are some of the questions from Andrew’s Job interview.Write them in the REPORTED SPEECH. 1.“ How old are you? “ He asked… 2.“ Are you married? “ He asked… 3.“ Do you live nearby? “ He wanted to know … 4.“ Where have you worked before? “ He asked … 5.“ Can you speak German or French?” He wanted to know … 6.“ Do you have a driving licence?” He asked… 7.“ How much do you expect to earn?” He asked… 8.“ When can you start?” He asked…
Requests Could you help me with my cat? Would you take care of my cat? -The girl asked me TO HELP HER WITH HER CAT. - The girl asked me TO TAKE CARE OF HER CAT. RULE: We use the infinitive of the principal verb.
Orders Write these sentences! Don’t talk, please! -The teacher told us TO WRITE THOSE SENTENCES. -The teacher told us NOT TO TALK IN CLASS.
EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. 1 My best friend said to me, ‘Could you lend me 100 euros?’ My best friend asked me 2 The bank robber said to her ‘Put your hands behind your head.’ THE BANK ROBBER TOLD HER 3. The teacher said to us, ‘Be quiet!’ …THE TEACHER TOLD US 4 My mother said to my brother ‘Please don’t bang the door’ ……MY MOTHER TOLD HIM
5 The dentist said to him, ‘Open wide!’ ……………………………………………………………………………………. 6 The flight attendant said to them, ‘Would you mind not smoking?’ ……………………………………………………………………………………. 7 My father said to me, ‘Could you phone me at 6?’ …………………………………………………………………………………….
1- “Don’t throw the paper on the floor.” The shopkeeper told the boy ……… on the floor. a.that he had thrown the paper b.he threw the paper c.not to throw the paper d.not to have thrown the paper e.that he didn’t throw the paper
2- “Why are you late? What is your excuse?” The officer wanted to know ……… a.why I am so late and what is the excuse is b.why I was so late and what my excuse was c.if I was so late and had an excuse d.that I was so late but had an excuse e.how late I was and if I had an excuse
3-“Do you want me to turn off the radio?” I asked my sister ………me to turn off the radio. a.whether you wanted b.whether you want c.that she had wanted, d.if she would have wanted e.if she wanted
4- “Don’t drive so fast.” The policeman told me ……… a.that I shouldn’t drive so fast b.not to drive so fast c.if I didn’t drive so fast d.that I shouldn’t have driven so fast e.whether I was driving so fast
5- “Will Jane be preparing the dinner during the afternoon?” Robert asked me ……… the dinner during the afternoon. a.whether Jane will have prepared b.that Jane would have prepared c.whether Jane would prepare d.if Jane will be preparing e.if Jane would be preparing
6- “How much time do we have to get packed?” She asked ……… to get packed. a.how much time we needed b.how much time have we had c.how much time we had d.how much time she had been given e.how much time there was left
7- “What is Jane’s phone number?” Teval asked me ……… a.if it was Jane’s phone number b.what Jane’s number was c.for Jane’s phone number d.what was Jane’s phone number e.whether I had Jane’s phone number
8- “Is this book yours?” Jerry asked ……… a.whose book this was b.if it was yours book c.if it wasn’t my book d.whose book it is e.if it was my book
Reporting verbs A: Peter, you should get a new job because you are a hard worker. Jack encouraged me to look for a new job. B: Students! All of you are invited to attend Mr. Lopez’s presentation. They invited all their friends to attend the presentation.
A: Where are you going, Mickey? B: I’m going to my job. A: oh! I live around your job. I can give you a lift. She offered to give him a lift to work. A: John My brother refused to take no for an answer.
EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. 1 "I think you should see a doctor", Mary said to me. Mary__me to see a doctor. 2 "Shall I carry your bags for you?", I asked Mrs. Robb. I___________to carry Mrs. Robb's bags 4 Tim said, "I'm terribly really sorry: I've lost your ball, Tom". Tim ______for losing his ball. OFFER - APOLOGISE - ADVISE
EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. 5) "Don't park your car here or you'll get a fine", said the policeman to Ms Todd. The policeman _________Ms Todd not to park her car there. 6) "Please, please, give some money to his foundation", Mr Geldorff said to the participants. Mr Geldorff ______the participants to give some money to his foundation. 7) "Remember to lock the door when you go out", John said to his daughter. John__________ his daughter to lock the door. 8) "Let's go to the theatre tomorrow", Frank said. Frank ______going to the theatre the next day. WARN - SUGGEST - REMIND - URGE
EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. 9) "Why don't you buy a Travelcard?", the ticket officer said to Mary. The ticket officer ____buyING a Travelcard. 10) "If you do that again I'll kill you Sam", said Lenny. Lenny ____to kill Sam if he did that again. 11) "OK, OK, I'll go shopping with you", said Bob to his wife. Bob ________to go shopping with his wife. 12) "Don't worry. I'll help you wash the car", said Susan to her father. Susan____to help her father. THREATEN - PROMISE - SUGGEST - AGREE
EXERCISES: Complete the sentences. 14) "You must come home immediately", Lorna said to her daughter. Lorna ___________her daughter to go home immediately. 15) "Have you seen 'Lord of the Rings', Freddie?" asked Kevin. "Yes, I have", said Freddie. Kevin ___________to know if Freddie had seen "Lord of the Rings" and Freddie that he had. 16) "Would you like to come to my birthday party?" said Sandra to Daisy and Daisy said, "With pleasure!". Sandra____Daisy to her birthday party and Daisy _____. WANT - ACCEPT – ORDER - INVITE