Presentation on theme: "REPORTED SPEECH Present She said: “I´m hungry” Past simple She said: “I missed my family” Present continuous She said: “I am walking” Present perfect She."— Presentation transcript:
REPORTED SPEECH Present She said: “I´m hungry” Past simple She said: “I missed my family” Present continuous She said: “I am walking” Present perfect She said: “I have bought a new car” WILL She said:” I will wait” Past simple She said she was hungry Past perfect She said she had missed her family Past continuous She said she was walking. Past perfect She said she had bought a new car WOULD She said she would wait DIRECT SPEECHINDIRECT/REPORTED SPEECH
Past perfect She said: “ I had waited” CAN She said.”I can walk” MUST She said: “I must walk” MAY She said: “It may be a good idea” Past perfect She said she had waited COULD She said she could walk HAD TO She said she had to walk MIGHT She said it might be a good idea. DIRECT SPEECHINDIRECT/REPORTED SPEECH
CHANGES He told her: “I like your car” She asked him: “Is this your car? She told us:” these are my books” He told me : “He doesn’t live here anymore” He told her (that) he liked her new car She asked him if that was his car. She told us those were her books. He told me he didn’t live there anymore ADJECTIVES/ADVERBSIINDIRECT CHANGES
TIME EXPRESSIONS 1 NOW 2 TODAY 3 YESTERDAY 4 THE DAY BEFORE YESTERDAY 5 TOMORROW 6 THE DAY AFTER TOMORROW 7 NEXT WEEK/MONTH/YEAR 8 LAST WEEK/MONTH/YEAR 9 TWO DAYS/THREE HOURS AGO 1 THEN 2 THAT DAY 3 THE DAY BEFORE 4 TWO DAYS BEFORE 5 THE NEXT/FOLLOWING DAY 6 TWO DAYS LATER 7 THE FOLLLOWING WEEK/MONTH/YEAR 8 THE PREVIOUS WEEK/MONTH/YEAR 9 TWO DAYS/THREE HOURS BEFORE DIRECTINDIRECT
REPORTED QUESTIONS Sandra asked:”Are you going out?” Sandra asked if/whether I was going out. Henry wondered: “Why is Andrew so late?” Henry wondered why Andrew was so late. YES/NO QUESTIONSWH- QUESTION
REPORTED COMMANDS “Sit down” “Don’t forget your umbrella” “Don’t shout at me”. “Work hard at school ” He ordered them to sit down She reminded him not to forget his umbrella. He told her not to shout at him He advised me to work hard at school DIRECTINDIRECT
REPORTED SUGGESTIONS “Let’s go for a walk” “Why don’t we relax?” He suggested that we went for a walk She suggested that they relaxed. DIRECTINDIRECT
Do you want to know a secret? A: He whispered in my ear that he was in love with me. B: He expressed doubt that I would ever know how much he really cared for me. C: He insisted that we were the only ones who knew. D: He told me that I would never know how much he really loved me. E: He admitted that the realisation had dawned on him a week or two earlier. F: He offered to confide in me if I promised not to tell.
Do you want to know a secret? D: He told me that I would never know how much he really loved me. B: He expressed doubt that I would ever know how much he really cared for me. F: He offered to confide in me if I promised not to tell. A: He whispered in my ear that he was in love with me. E: He admitted that the realisation had dawned on him a week or two earlier. C: He insisted that we were the only ones who knew.
1. “ I won’t lend you any money” She refused to lend him any money. 2. “Would you like to have a drink with me?” She invited him to have a drink with her. 3. “Let’s go to the beach!” He suggested going /that they should go to the beach. 4. “ If you’re good, I’ll buy you an ice-cream” He promised to buy her an ice cream (if she was good) 5. “I’m sorry I broke your heart” She apologised for breaking /having broken his heart.
6. “ If I were you, I’d tell your parents” She advised him to tell his parents 7. “It wasn’t me. I didn’t break the window” He denied breaking / having broken the window 8. “You’re the one who murdered the President. - I saw you” He accused her of murdering / having murdered the President. 9. “ Stop shouting!” She ordered them to stop shouting. 10. “ Shall I carry your suitcase for you?” He offered to carry her suitcase (for her)
VERB + THAT CLAUSE DECLARE He declared that he loved her EXPLAIN SAY SUGGEST
VERB + TO + INFINITIVE ( NOT TO DO SOMETHING) AGREE OFFER José offered to drive me to the airport. REFUSE PROMISE I promised not to tell anybody THREATEN
VERB + OBJECT+ TO+ INFINITIVE ( SOMEBOBY NOT TO DO SOMETHING) ADVISE The doctor advised me to have a rest ASK CONVINCE ENCOURAGE INVITE Julia’s friend invited her to stay for dinner ORDER PERSUADE I persuaded my sister not to go out with Juan REMIND My boss reminded me to sign the documents. TELL WARN The man warned us not to park in this street.
VERB+ GERUND ( NOT DOING SOMETHING) APOLOGIZE ( FOR) I apologized for being so late. ACCUSE The police accused Maria of stealing the car. ADMIT BLAME SOMEBODY FOR DENY INSIST ON Jane insisted on going to the dcotor’s with me RECOMMEND REGRET SUGGEST Katie suggested going for a walk.
be get help lose pay sack steal walk 1. He was accused of money from the company. 2. I offered to him, but he said he could manage. 3. He apologized for his temper with me. 4. His boss threatened him if was late one more time. 5. Will you remind me some more petrol before we leave? 6. Of course, she denies anywhere near the scene of the crime. 7. He warned the children not on the frozen lake. 8. Her family insisted on for the entire holiday. help stealing losing to sack to get being to walk paying