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R EPORTED S PEECH Imperatives 1. R EPORTED S PEECH : O RDERS AND REQUESTS We report orders with tell+object+(not)+ infinitive Example: D.S Take the pills.

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Presentation on theme: "R EPORTED S PEECH Imperatives 1. R EPORTED S PEECH : O RDERS AND REQUESTS We report orders with tell+object+(not)+ infinitive Example: D.S Take the pills."— Presentation transcript:

1 R EPORTED S PEECH Imperatives 1

2 R EPORTED S PEECH : O RDERS AND REQUESTS We report orders with tell+object+(not)+ infinitive Example: D.S Take the pills before breakfast the doctor said I.S The doctor told me to take the pills before breakfast D.S Dont smoke! the doctor said I.S The doctor told me not to smoke. We report requests with ask+ object+ (not)+ infinitive Example: D.S Can you park the car here,please? asked Peter I.S Peter asked me to park the car there. D.S Would you mind not leaving the car here? asked Peter I.S Peter asked me not to leave the car there. 2

3 R EPORTED S PEECH : SUGGESTIONS, ADVICE, OFFERS,… We report advice with the reporting verb advise+object+ infinitive: Example: D.S Think again before you decide, he advised me. I.S The lawyer advised me to think again before I decide. We report offers with the reporting verb offer + infinitive : Example : D.S Ill baby-sit tonight she said. I.S He offered to baby-sit tonight / that night. 3

4 We do not use infinitive structures with the verb suggest. Instead: a) suggest + that + p.pronoun + should b) suggest + __ing c) suggest + that + p.pronoun + verb without to Example: D.S Try the main car park the porter suggested. a) The porter suggested that I should try the main car park. b) The porter suggested trying the main car park. c) The porter suggested that I try the main car part. 4

5 R EPORTED COMMANDS Reported commands use a personal direct object and the infinitive. The negative uses not before to + infinitive. A number of verbs can be used for reported commands e.g. tell, order, command, warn, instruct, etc 1. Stop! - He told the children to stop. 2. Be quiet, children. – She told the children to be quiet. 3. Dont stop! – He told them not to stop. 4. Dont go! – He told me not to go. 5

6 R EPORTED REQUESTS Reported requests have the same grammatical form as reported commands. Reported requests usually use ask as the main verb. There is a difference between a reported offer and a reported request. 1. Would you open the door, please? She asked me to open the door. 2. Could you lend me some money, please? He asked me to lend him some money. note difference in meaning: He told me to lend him some money. 3. Offer: Would you like a cigar? He asked if I would like a cigar. 4. Request: Would you pass me a cigar? He asked me to pass him a cigar. 6

7 EXAMPLES... ORDERS Dad says, Come home, boys! Mum says, Be quiet, girls! The cops say, Stop and stand still! Dad tells the boys to come home. Mum tells the girls to be quiet. The cops tell to stop and stand still. REQUESTS I say to Ben, Sit down, please! Little Mary says, Tell me a story! Mum says to us, Be careful, please! PROHIBITIONS Ted says, Don`t argue, Bob! She says to me, Don`t cry! Dad says,Don`t play with fire, boys! I ask Ben to sit down. Little Mary asks to tell her a story. Mum asks us to be careful. Ted asks ( tells) Bob not to argue. She asks me not to cry. Dad tells the boys not to play with fire. 7

8 EXAMPLES... ORDERS Dad said, Come home, boys! Mum said, Be quiet, girls! The cops said, Stop and stand still! Dad told the boys to come home. Mum told the girls to be quiet. The cops told to stop and stand still. REQUESTS I said to Ben, Sit down, please! Little Mary said, Tell me a story! Mum said to us, Be careful, please! PROHIBITIONS Ted said, Don`t argue, Bob! She said to me, Don`t cry! Dad said,Don`t play with fire, boys! I asked Ben to sit down. Little Mary asked to tell her a story. Mum asked us to be careful. Ted asked ( told) Bob not to argue. She asked me not to cry. Dad told the boys not to play with fire. 8

9 EXAMPLES... ORDERS Dad said, Come home, boys! Mum said, Be quiet, girls! The cops said, Stop and stand still! Dad told the boys to come home. Mum told the girls to be quiet. The cops commanded to stop and stand. REQUESTS I said to Ben, Sit down, please! Little Mary said, Tell me a story! Mum said to us, Be careful, please! PROHIBITIONS Ted said, Don`t argue, Bob! She said to me, Don`t cry! Dad said,Don`t play with fire, boys! Instead of traditional ask(s), asked tell(s), told I begged Ben to sit down. Little Mary asked to tell her a story. Mum reminded us to be careful. Ted reminded Bob not to argue. She advised me not to cry. Dad warned the boys not to play with fire. beg, remind, advise command, warn.... can be used 9

10 R EPORTED S PEECH / I NDIRECT S PEECH : I MPERATIVE S ENTENCES Direct Speech He said, Lie down slowly, Tom. Indirect SpeechHe told Tom to lie down slowly. Direct SpeechDont swim out too far, boys, said the coach. Indirect SpeechThe coach warned the boys not to swim out too far. Direct SpeechThe boy said to his friend, Please play that tune again. Indirect SpeechThe boy requested his friend to play that tune again. Direct SpeechOrder in Court, said the judge to the people in the court. Indirect SpeechThe judge commanded the people in the court to keep order. Direct SpeechDont write on the wall! he said to May. Indirect SpeechHe ordered May not to write on the wall. Direct SpeechPlease, please dont take any risks, said his wife. Indirect Speech His wife begged him not to take any risks. 10

11 R EPORTED S PEECH / I NDIRECT S PEECH : I MPERATIVE S ENTENCES 1.Change the imperative form into the to-infinitive clause. a.)For the affirmative imperative form, to-infinitive is used E.g. He said, Lie down slowly, Tom. He told Tom to lie down b)For the negative imperative form, not + to-infinitive is used. E.g. Dont swim out too far, boys, said the coach. The coach warned the boys not to swim out too far. 11

12 R EPORTED S PEECH / I NDIRECT S PEECH : I MPERATIVE S ENTENCES 2. Change the reporting verb into one that matches the function of the imperative. E.g. The boy said to his friend, Please play that tune again. The boy requested his friend to play that tune again. Notes: It is necessary to use more than one reporting verb if the direct speech contains more than one sentence. Example: Dont argue with Kassim, my mother said. Get on with your work. My mother told me not to argue with Kassim and asked me to get on with my work. 12

13 C HANGE THE IMPERATIVES FROM D IRECT TO I NDIRECT S PEECH. No.Direct SpeechIndirect Speech 1.Keep a record of your expenses, I said to Hassan. 2.Talk to the manager first, she said to me. 3.Please pay the bill, Andrew said. 4.Meet me at the station? Diana said. 5.Take off your coat before entering the hall, he said. 6.Show me your passport, please, said the officer 7.Post some letters for me, said my boss. 8.Do sit down, said my hostess. 9.Dont forget to order the wine, said Mrs Raja. 10.Go on, apply for the job, said Jack. 13

14 No.Direct SpeechIndirect Speech 11.Please go ashore if you are not travelling, he said 12.Be quiet, will you? he said. 13.He said, Dont open the windows. 14.He says, Come and see me at the office immediately. 15.He said, If she leaves the house, follow her. 16.Try again, said Anns friends encouragingly. 17.Remember to switch off all the lights, she said.to her sister. 18.Study harder for the exam, En.Ahmad told the class. 19.Evacuate the area! ordered the superintendent. 20.He said, If your brakes are bad, dont drive so fast. 21.Lets finish the group assignment, Asiah said to me. 14

15 No.Direct SpeechIndirect Speech 22.Let the boys join the excursion, said the headmaster to the teacher. 23.Help me someone! My child is locked in the attic! the neighbour cried out. 24.Justin, go to your room right now and stay there until dinner time. You have been very naughty, said Lillian. 25.Forget all about this young man, said her parents; dont see him again or answer his letters. 15


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