2Say what people use direct and reported speech for DIRECT SPEECHREPORTED SPEECHShe says: “I phone my friends every day.”She says (that) she phones her friends every day.She says: “I will phone you tomorrow.”She says (that) she’ll phone me tomorrow.She says: “I phoned you an hour ago.”She says (that) she phoned me an hour.
3Read the dialogue between the members of a football fan's family Read the dialogue between the members of a football fan's family. Find the sentences with reported speech.Mum: Good morning, dear. Good morning. What's the matter?Mark: Dad says that he's lost his voice.Mum: He has lost his voice! He can't. It must be ajoke. Come on, dear. Don't joke.Mark: He says it isn't a joke. He has really lost his voice.Mum: I’ll make a nice cup oftea. You'll soon get your voice back.Susan: How did you lose your voice, Dad?Mark: He says he went to the football match last night.Susan: And you shouted so much you lost your voice.Mark: Yes, he shouted so much he lost his voice.Susan: Did you win? Mark: No, they lost.Mum: Here is a nice cup oftea. Would you like something to eat?Mark: He says he would like some toast with honey.Susan: Why honey, Mum?Mum: Because honey is good for your throat.
4We use reported speech when we are saying what other people say, think or believe. I’m tired!’, Helen said.Helen said (that) she was tired.
5When we are reporting things in the present, future or present perfect we don't change the tense. He thinks he loves her. I'll tell her you are coming. He has said he'll do it.
6If the verb in the main sentence is in the past tense - the other verbs are usually in one of the past tense too.
7Tense Changes. Statements. Тип предложенияВремя в главном предложенииDirect/ indirect speechГлавное предложениеСоюзПридаточное предложениеПовествовательное(Statement)PresentDirect SpeechMother saysPresent Simple–-“I go to work every day.”Indirect SpeechthatShe goes to work every day.PastMother saidPast SimpleShe went to work every day.(Present Simple Past Simple )
8shall (will) have been + Ving shall have been writing SimpleProgressivePerfectPerfect - ProgressivePresentV / Vswriteam, is, are +Vingam writinghave/has+V3have writtenhave/has been +V3have been writtenPastV2 / Vedwrotewas/were +Vingwas writinghad + V3had writtenhad been +V3had been writtenFutureshall/will+Vshall writeshall (will) +be + Vingshall be writingshall (will) have+V3shall have writtenshall (will) have been + Vingshall have been writingFuture- in – the - Pastshould/would+Vshauld writeshould (would) + be + Vingshould be writingshould(would) have+V3should have writtenshould (would) have been + Vingshould have been writing
9Present Perfect Progressive Past Perfect Progressive II. Past Tenses Direct speechIndirect speechI. Present TensesPresent SimplePast SimplePresent ProgressivePast ProgressivePresent PerfectPast PerfectPresent Perfect ProgressivePast Perfect ProgressiveII. Past TensesIII. Future SimpleFuture SimpleFuture-in-the-PastFuture PerfectFuture-in-the-Past Perfect
10Present Simple I phone my friends every day.” Past Simple She told him (that) she phoned her friends every dayPresent Progressive I'm waiting for Kate.Past Progressive He said (that) he was waiting for Kate.Past Simple I made it yesterday.Past Perfect He said (that) he made it yesterday.Future Simple I will study better.Future-in-the-Past He said (that) he would study better.Present Perfect I've been to France three times.Past Perfect He said (that) he had been to France three times.
11Reported changes. Modal Verbs canhave towas/ were tobe tocouldhad tomaymightmustHad been able toNOTE:modal verbs - could, would, might and shoulddo not change
12Changes of time words this that these those ago before now then today tomorrowthe next daythisthatthe day after tomorrowthesethoseagobeforenowthennext yearthe following yeartwo days later,in two days’ timetodaythat daylast weekthe previous weekyesterdaythe day beforeherethere
14Grammar Practice Change into Reported Speech “We may buy a car next year” said my grandpa.“I like travelling from time to time” says my cousin.“It will be rain today” said the farmer.“Sharon is going to come here tomorrow” her mother said to me.“I don’t feel lonely thanks to the books I love” says Margaret.“It’s really amazing to read CD books” says Andy.“You must take your medicine twice a day” said a doctor.
15General Questions. (General questions) Общий вопрос Present Тип предложенияВремя в главном предложенииDirect/ indirect speechГлавное предложениеСоюзПридаточное предложение(General questions)Общий вопросPresentDirect SpeechHe asksPresent Simple–-“Pete, will you go to the disco.”Future SimpleIndirect SpeechHe asks PeteIfwhetherHe will go to the disco.PastHe askedPast SimpleHe asked PeteHe would go to the disco.Future Simple in the Past(Future Simple Future Simple in the Past)
16Grammar Practice Change into Reported Speech He said, “Do you like going shopping?”The teacher said, “Did you read an English book last year?”Mother said to her son, “Have you invited anybody to dinner at the weekend?”My friend said to me, “Are you going away anywhere for your holiday?”.Pete said, “Can you speak a foreign language?”.I said, “Jack are you good at foreign languages?”.She said, “Did you enjoy the performance?”
17Специальный вопрос к вопросительным членам Special Wh - Questions.Тип предложенияВремя в главном предложенииDirect/ indirect speechГлавное предложениеСоюзПридаточное предложениеСпециальный вопрос к вопросительным членамPresentDirect SpeechHe asksPresent Simple–-“Where do you go every day, Pete?”Indirect SpeechHe asks Petewherehe goes every day.PastHe askedPast SimpleHe asked Petehe went every day.(Present Simple Past Simple)
18Специальный вопрос к подлежащему Special Wh - Questions.Тип предложенияВремя в главном предложенииDirect/ indirect speechГлавное предложениеСоюзПридаточное предложениеСпециальный вопрос к подлежащемуPresentDirect SpeechHe asksPresent Simple–-“Who is that man?”Indirect Speechwho is that man.who that man isPastHe askedPast Simplewho was that man.who that man was(Present Simple Past Simple)
19Grammar Practice Change into Reported Speech Ann said, “Where are you going for the weekend?”The teacher said to the pupils, “What are you talking about?”I said to my friend, “How long did you stay in London?”He said to me, “What will you do after school?”.She said to her friend, “What do you usually do in the evening?”Mike said to me, “Where can I see you to next time?”.Tom said, “How long will it take us to go there by plane?”
20Tense Changes. Commands. Тип предложенияВремя в главном предложенииDirect/ indirect speechГлавное предложениеСоюзПридаточное предложениеСпециальный вопрос к подлежащемуPresentDirect SpeechHe saysPresent Simple–-1. “Go to the shop please”положительная просьба2. “Don’t go to the shop ”отрицательная просьбаIndirect SpeechHe asks / tells1. to go to the shop2. not to go to the shop ”PastHe askedPast Simple“Go to the shop please”He asked / told
21Grammar Practice Change into Reported Speech The teacher said to Pete, “Go to the blackboard!”Mum said to me, “Clean the room!”Dad said to his children, “Be polite and say “Thank you!”My friend said, “Don’t take my books!”“Do the task again,” the teacher said to me.“Don’t speak all at a time,” the teacher said to her class.Mother said, “Ann, go and wash your face.”