5 Lead-in T: What did you eat this morning? Tom: ‘I ate …’ T： What did Tom say, Jack?Jack: He said he ate …direct speechreported speech用简短的对话直接导入本课，让学生在较为真实的情景中接受直接引语和间接引语的概念。We use direct speech to report what exactly has been said. If we write the speech down, the words will usually appear in quotation marks.
6 She said that that film was quite interesting. 1. Which one is direct speech and which one is reported speech?He said, ‘I will go to school tomorrow.’She told us something secret.2. Change the direct speech into reported speech.She said, ‘This film is quite interesting.’‘Finish the project tomorrow.’ he said to me.(direct speech)(reported speech)She said that that film was quite interesting.通过两个例句让学生区别直接引语和间接引语，间接引语多数构成宾语从句，也可构成动词不定式短语。He asked me to finish the project the next day.(Change what has been said to an object clause oran infinitive phrase.)
7 What should we pay attention to? personal pronouns and tensese.g. Miss Yang said, ‘ I will buy a new dress.’Miss Yang said that she would buy a newdress.Ex. Simon said, ‘ I wrote a letter.’How to change the tense? Have a look.Simon said that he had written a letter.通过例句和表格让学生了解人称代词和时态的具体的变化情况。
8 Direct Speech Reported speech Simple present Simple past Simple future Future in the pastPresent continuousPast continuousPast perfectPresent perfect continuousPastperfect continuousPresent perfect
9 Practice 1: Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. ‘I haven’t brought my dictionary,’ the student said.2. Tom said to them, ‘ I will get excited.’3. My father said to me, ‘I am reading the book.’The student said that he hadn’t brought his dictionary.Tom told them that he would get excited.通过操练三个句子，检测学生对人称代词和时态变化的掌握情况，并加以巩固。My father told me that he was reading the book.
10 What should we pay attention to? learn more about it1 personal pronouns and tense2 adverbials of time and placee.g. He said, ‘I lost a key here yesterday.’He said that he had lost a key there the daybefore/the previous day.Ex. ‘I read the book here a week ago.’ Jane said tohim.引入新的规则，即时间和地点状语的变化。Jane told him that she had read the book therea week before.
11 the day/yesterday/on Monday, etc. tomorrow Direct speechReported speechtodaythe day/yesterday/on Monday, etc.tomorrowthe next day/the following day/on Friday, etcyesterdaythe day before/the previous day/on Tuesday, etcnext monththe month after/the following month/in July, etclast yearthe year before/the previous year, etc.a week agoa week before/a week earlier, etc.
12 Practice 2: Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. ‘I will come and see you again this evening, Tom.’ he said.2. ‘I will come here again today,’ she said.3. The doctor said to the patient, ‘You will have to wait till 3 pm tomorrow.’He told Tom that he would go and see him againthat evening.She said that she’d go there again that day.再次当堂操练帮助学生体会时间和地点状语的变化，并进一步巩固时态和人称代词的变化。The doctor told the patient that he would have towait till 3 p.m. the next day.
13 What should we pay attention to? 1. personal pronouns and tense2. adverbials of time and place3. other casesDirected speechReported speechthisthatthesethosecomego用表格直接引入两个指示代词和个别动词的变化, 并通过例句向学生指出应用中应注意的特殊情况。
14 Notice: My father said to me, “I read the book in 1986” 1. 直接引语中的谓语动词为一般过去时，如与一个表示过去的时间（in 1992， last week）连用，在变为间接引语时可以不变。My father said to me, “I read the book in 1986”My father told me he read the bookin 1986.
15 2. 直接引语表达的意思是客观真理时，在变为间接引语时时态不变。 The geography teacher said to us, “The earth goes around the sun.”The geography teacher told us that the earth goes around the sun.
16 Complete the memo at Page 9 Possible answers:(1) was (2) wouldn’t (3) had read(4)that (5)would (6) had bought(7) that (8) would (9) those(10) Her这一练习的设计为学生提供了真实的语言环境，让学生在语境中运用和体会本堂课所学的各种变化形式。
17 How to use reported speech to report: statementsquestionsimperative sentences通过讲练法让学生学会在陈述句，疑问句和祈使句中的具体用法。用例句为学生创设语境。
18 Can you give more examples? Statements:*We use noun clauses introduced by that to report statements.She said, ‘Ads are an important part of our lives.’She said that ads were an important part of our lives.‘There are two main types of ads,’ the writer said to us.The writer told us that there were two main types of ads.*More reporting words:‘PSAs are often placed for free,’ the writer said.The writer explained that PSAs were often placed for free.advise explain insist promise announce suggest warnCan you give more examples?
19 Practice: Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. Tom suggested that we should translate the book into English.2. The student explained that he really didn’t know he had to finish the work a week before.3. The teacher promised that he would give his students a few holidays at the end of that month.Tom said, ‘You’d better translate the book into English.’The student said, ‘ I really don’t know I must finish the work a week ago.’The teacher said, ‘I will give my students a few holidays at the end of this month.’
20 Questions:*We use noun clauses introduced by whether/if to report yes/no-questions.‘Are all ads playing tricks on us?’ I asked her.I asked her whether/if all ads were playing tricks on us.*We use noun clauses introduced by wh-words to report wh-questions.I asked her, ‘How can that be true?’I asked her how that could be true.‘Where did you find the ads for jobs abroad?’ Bill asked.Bill asked where I had found the ads for jobs abroad.
21 Practice: Change the following sentences into reported speech. 1. My mother asked me, ‘Do you want to go to the Great Wall with me?’2. The teacher asked the boy, ‘How many pages have you read today?’3. I asked Li Ying, ‘ Where and when were you born?’My mother asked me whether I wanted to go to theGreat Wall with her.The teacher asked the boy how many pages he hadread that day.I asked Li Ying where and when he was born.
22 Imperative sentences: *To report imperative sentences, we use the structure: reporting verb+object+(not)+to-infinitive.‘Don’t worry, Mickey,’ Jen said.Jen asked Mickey not to worry.*other verbs can be used in this structure‘Don’t believe every ad you read,’ Lily said to me.Lily advised me not to believe every ad I read.reporting verbobject(not)to-infinitiveadvise encourage invite recommend warnLet’s do some Ex for consolidation! You can do it well!
23 Practice: Change the following sentences into direct speech. 1. My mother recommended me not to take those weight-loss pills.2. My brother ordered me to go there at once.3. My father warned us not to throw the waste paper everywhere.My mother said to me, ‘Don’t take theseweight-loss pills.My brother said, ‘ Come here at once.’My father said to us, ‘Don’t throw the waste papereverywhere.’
24 Consolidation Finish Ex. A and B at P.11 在情景中操练所学内容，能激发学生的学习兴趣，体现寓教于乐原则。
25 Homework 1. Finish Ex on Page 92. 2. Make good preparations for Task part.通过家庭作业再次巩固所学内容。并为下一课时的学习作准备。
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.