2Reported speech/indirect speech What is reported speech?Imagine that it is Monday morning. You meet John in a cafe.During your conversation he says,“Oh! By the way, I’ve found a new job”.On Wednesday afternoon you meet Ann in the supermarket and you want to give her John’s news.What do you say?“Blah blah, Oh! and he told me that he had found a new job”.This is reported speech.We use it when we tell another person what somebody has said or repeat something said from a previous conversation.
3Reported Speech Direct Speech: Reported Speech: is the exact words someone said. We use quotation marks in Direct Speech. He said, “I’ll wait for you.”is the exact meaning of what someone said but not in the exact words. We do not use quotation marks in reported speech. He said that he would wait for me
4We use say and tell in reported speech We use say in direct speech.She said to me , “I’m very tired.”Butwe also use say in Reportedspeech when say is notfollowed by the person thewords were spoken to.She said (that) she was very tiredWe use tell in Reported speech when tell is followed by the person the words were spoken to. She told me (that) she was very tired. She told John (that) she was very tired. She told the police (that) she was very tired
5“This is my book,” he said. He said that was his book. We can report:Remember:As well as the verb “to be”(is/am/are was/were)Certain words change inReported speech.Direct speech: this/these here comeReported that/those there go“This is my book,” he said.He said that was his book.Can changes to couldWill changes to wouldMay changes to mightMust changes to had toA. SatementsB. QuestionsC. CommandsRequestsSuggestions
6Reported StatementsTo report statements we use a reporting verb (say, tell, advise, explain, promise etc) followed by a that-clause. In spoken English that may be omitted. Pronouns and possessive adjectives change according to the meaning. DS. He said, “I can’t fix it myself.” RS. He said he couldn’t fix it himself.
7“I can’t remember your name,” she said. When the reporting verb is in the Past the verb tenses change as follows:Direct SpeechReported speechPresent simple:“I can’t remember your name,” she said.Present Continuous:“She’s speaking to Fred,” he said.Present Perfect:“I’ve bought you some flowers,” he said.Past Simple:“We missed the bus,” they said.Future:“I’ll met you later,” he said.Past simple:She said she couldn’t remember my name.Past Continuous:He said she was speaking to Fred.Past Perfect:He said he had bought me some flowers.Past perfect:They said that they had missed the bus.Conditional:He said he would meet me later.
8Time expressions change as follows Direct SpeechReported Speechtonight, today, this week, this month, this year, now, now that, yesterday, last night/week/month/year tomorrow, next week/month/year two days/months/years/etc. agothat night, that day, that week that month, that year, then, at that time, at once, immediately, since the day before, the previous day the night before, the previous week/month/year. the day after, the following day, the next week/month/year two days/months/years etc. before
9Notice the change in word order! Reported QuestionsIn Reported questions we use affirmative word order and the question mark is omitted. To report a wh-question, we use ask followed by the question word (who, what , where etc). When there is no question word in direct questions (an auxilliary question – do, can etc) if or whether is used in reported questions. Pronouns, possesive adjectives, tenses, time expressions etc. change as in statements. DS. He asked, “what time is it.” RS. He asked what time it was. DS. He asked me, “Do you know her?” RS. He asked me if/whether I knew her.Notice the change in word order!
10Reported Commands/Requests/Suggestions To report commands, requests, suggestions etc. we use a reporting verb (order, ask, tell, advise, offer, warn, beg, suggest*, promise etc) followed by a to-infinitive or a not to-infinitive. Note. *suggest is followed by the –ing form. DS. He said,”shall we go by train.” RS. He suggested going by train. DS. He said to them,”Stop talking.” RS. He told them to stop talking. DS. He said to me, “Don’t touch it.” RS. He told me not to touch itNotice the change in word order!
11Reported Speech. A Role Play situation You are in a hairdressers in Hollywood.In groups of 3 use the role play cards to act out this situation.Student 1 is the hairdresser.Student 2 is a famous pop singer.Student 3 is a hard of hearing customer.S1. How old are you?S2. I’m 27.S3. What did you ask?S1. I asked her how old she was.S3. What did she say?S1. She said she was 27.Students 2 and 3 are under the hairdryersS1. Where do you live?S2. I live in New York.S3. What did you ask?S1. I asked her where she lived.S3. What did she say?S1. She said she lived in New York.
12Possible role play prompt cards for previous role play situation How old are you?Where do you live?Are you married?Have you ever been to Madrid before?Do you like Spanish food?Are you staying here long?Have you visited Toledo?Who’s your favourite actor?Are you making a new LP?Do you like sports cars?Do you earn lots of money?When did you start singing?Do you write your own songs?Are you going to try acting?Do you work hard?Can you fly a plane?Do you play squash?What’s your favourite food?Are you happy with your life?Will you be making any more records?What did you do last year?Where are you going tomorrow?Have you got any children?Where did you go yesterday?
13Activity 1. There has been a robbery Activity 1. There has been a robbery. Report the policeman’s questions to the Factory Manager. Click on the number to check.What’s your name?5. What did they steal?2. Did you see the thieves?3. What were they wearing?Has this ever happened before?7. Would you recognize them again.4. How do you think they got in4. The policeman asked him……….how he thought they got in.5. The policeman asked him………..what they had stolen.6. The policeman asked him………..if this had ever happened before7. The policeman asked him…………if he would recognise them againThe policeman asked himwhat his name was…………….2. The policeman asked him…………if he saw the thieves.3. The policeman asked him……….what they were wearing