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Punto di partenza Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Italian, adjectives are often used with the verb essere to point out the qualities of the subject. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Many adjectives in Italian are cognatesMany adjectives in Italian are cognates. Their spellings and meanings are similar in both Italian and English. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 2
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3
Although both buono and bravo mean good, use bravo to describe someone who is skilled or talented.La mensa è buona. The cafeteria is good. L’insegnante d’italiano è brava. The Italian teacher is good. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Unlike in English, most adjectives in Italian follow the noun.È un libro noioso. It is a boring book. Sono ragazzi studiosi. They are studious boys. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Agreement Italian adjectives agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify. In Strutture 1A.1 you learned how to make nouns plural; adjectives change their final vowel in a similar way. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Adjectives whose masculine singular form ends in -o have four possible endings: -o (masc.) and -a (fem.) in the singular, and –i (masc.) and -e (fem.) in the plural. To refer to groups of mixed gender, use the masculine plural ending -i. Giorgio è contento. Giorgio is happy. Giorgio e Laura sono contenti. Giorgio and Laura are happy. Silvia è contenta. Silvia is happy. Silvia e Laura sono contente. Silvia and Laura are happy. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Adjectives that end in -e in the singular change to -i in the plural.Lucia è intelligente. Lucia is intelligent. Lucia e Roberto sono intelligenti. Lucia and Roberto are intelligent. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Most adjectives ending in -co, -ca, -go, and -ga require an h in the plural to maintain the hard sound of the c or g. Exceptions include the masculine plural adjectives simpatici and antipatici. È simpatica. She is nice. Le ragazze sono simpatiche. The girls are nice. È un amico tedesco. He is a German friend. Sono amici tedeschi. They are German friends. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Adjectives of nationality also follow the rules of agreement described above. Unlike in English, they are not capitalized. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Use Di dove + essere to ask about someone’s nationality or originUse Di dove + essere to ask about someone’s nationality or origin. To name a city in the reply, use di. Di dove sei? Where are you from? Sono italiana. Sono di Roma. I am Italian. I am from Rome. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
1. Loro sono _________. (generoso)Write the correct forms of the adjectives. 1. Loro sono _________. (generoso) 2. Lisa è ________. (simpatico) 3. Hiroshi è _________. (giapponese) 4. lo non sono ________. (pigro) 5. Gli esami sono________. (facile) 6. Silvia è __________. (tedesco) generosi/e © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-1 Punto di partenza Comparatives of equality (comparativi di uguaglianza) are used to indicate that two people,
Definite Articles in Italian
Los adjetivos An adjective must agree with the word it describes (modifies) in 2 ways: Gender (masculine/feminine) Number (singular/plural)
Les adjectifs en français
How to use Definite Articles in Italiano.
Punto di partenza Adverbs describe how, when, and where actions take place. They modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Unlike adjectives, adverbs.
Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that.
As in English, numbers in Italian follow patterns.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.1-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned some descriptive adjectives in Lezione 1B, and in Lezione 3A.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the verb essere with numbers to tell time.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different endings to the stem. Conjugate regular.
Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an irregular verb, you will need to memorize its present.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.1-1 Punto di partenza A noun is a word that identifies a person, animal, place, thing, or idea. As in English,
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-1 Punto di partenza In both English and Italian, possessives express ownership or possession.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1B, you learned how to form yes-or-no questions and questions with interrogative.
SPN I – Notecard 6 Using “ser” with adjectives
Point de départ Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In French, adjectives are often used with the verb être to point out.
Pronouns + “Essere”. Personal Pronouns Singular Subject IoI / Me TuYou LuiHim / he LeiHer / she Plural Subject NoiWe VoiYou (plural) LoroThey * The subject.
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