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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-1 Punto di partenza Partitives express some or any; they refer to part of a whole or an undefined quantity.

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Presentation on theme: "© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-1 Punto di partenza Partitives express some or any; they refer to part of a whole or an undefined quantity."— Presentation transcript:

1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-1 Punto di partenza Partitives express some or any; they refer to part of a whole or an undefined quantity. To form the partitive in Italian, combine the preposition di with the definite article. These contracted forms were presented in Lezione 3A.

2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-2 Usiamo dellaglio per condire la pasta. We use some garlic to season the pasta. Ieri Lina ha comprato dei pomodori. Yesterday Lina bought some tomatoes.

3 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-3 The partitive is optional, and infrequent, in questions. The partitive is never used in negative statements. Vuoi del/il succo? Do you want (some) juice? Hai chiesto dell/lacqua? Did you ask for (some) water? Non mi piace il tè verde. I dont like green tea. Non abbiamo preso la limonata. We didnt take any lemonade.

4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-4 To use the partitive with non-count nouns, nouns whose quantity cannot be expressed with a number, use the singular form of the noun and the partitive. Compriamo dello yogurt e delluva. We are buying some yogurt and some grapes. Suo zio ha messo dello zucchero nel caffè. Her uncle put some sugar in the coffee.

5 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-5 Use the invariable expression un po di with non-count nouns to express a little bit of something. Paolo ha cucinato un po di tonno. Paolo cooked a little tuna. Prendiamo un po di caffè espresso. Were having some espresso.

6 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-6 Alcuni/e and qualche also express some or a few with countable nouns. Alcuni (m.) and alcune (f.) precede plural nouns while the invariable qualche precedes singular nouns. Il babbo ha portato alcuni biscotti. Dad brought a few cookies. Il babbo ha portato qualche biscotto. Dad brought a few cookies. Ho alcune amiche napoletane. I have some Neapolitan friends. Ho qualche amica napoletana. I have some Neapolitan friends.

7 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-7 Other common adjectives that express quantities include molto (a lot, many), poco (little), troppo (too much/many), tanto (so much/many), and tutto (all). Like other adjectives, they agree with the noun they modify in gender and number. Always use a definite article after tutto. Silvana ha poco cibo in frigo. Silvana has little food in her fridge. Abbiamo tanti compiti! We have so much homework! Il ragazzo fa molte domande. The boy asks a lot of questions. Avete mangiato tutta la pasta. You ate all of the pasta.

8 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-8 Specific quantities include chilo (kilo), etto (100 grams), and fetta (slice). The invariable expression un sacco di is equivalent to a ton of in English. Mi può dare un chilo di prosciutto e due etti di ricotta? Could you give me a kilo of ham and 200 grams of ricotta? Gli studenti hanno un sacco di vocabolario da imparare. The students have a ton of vocabulary to learn.

9 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-9 Bere The verb bere (to drink) has an irregular stem: bev-.

10 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-10 The past participle of bere is bevuto. Note that it uses the same stem as the present-tense forms. I gatti bevono molto latte. Cats drink a lot of milk. Bevo sempre lacqua frizzante. I always drink sparkling water. Ha bevuto una bottiglia daranciata. She drank a bottle of orangeade. Hai bevuto il caffè stamattina? Did you drink coffee this morning?

11 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5A.3-11 del dello dell della dei degli delle 1. Clara beve ________ acqua naturale. 2. Letizia e sua sorella mangiano ________ marmellata. 3. Io e Oriana beviamo ________ latte. 4. Tu compri ________ yogurt. 5. Vogliamo ________ tè. 6. Preferisco ________ melone. 7. Compriamo ________ ananas oggi. 8. Desidero ________ frutti di mare. Scegli il partitivo corretto per completare ogni frase. dell


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