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5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-1 Partitives and expressions of quantity Ha fatto tanti chilometri.

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Presentation on theme: "5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-1 Partitives and expressions of quantity Ha fatto tanti chilometri."— Presentation transcript:

1 5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-1 Partitives and expressions of quantity Ha fatto tanti chilometri.

2 5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-2 Il partitivo In English, words like some, a few, a little, any, and several express an indefinite amount or part of the whole. The Italian equivalent is conveyed by il partitivo and expressions of quantity such as del, un po di, qualche, and alcuni/e. Partitives and expressions of quantity

3 5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-3 Partitives and expressions of quantity To form the partitive, combine di with the definite article: del, dello, della, dell, dei, degli, delle. Ho comprato della pasta al mercato. I bought some pasta at the market. Avete preparato degli spaghetti? Gnam! Did you make spaghetti? Yum! Metti dello zucchero sulla tavola. Put some sugar on the table. Hanno invitato delle amiche alla festa. They invited some girlfriends to the party.

4 5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-4 Partitives and expressions of quantity Use un po di (a little of, a bit of) with a singular noun that is abstract or that you can measure (but not count). Marco mi ha dato un po di carne per il mio cagnolino. Marco gave me a bit of meat for my little dog. Quando avrò un po di tempo libero, ti telefonerò. When I have a little free time, Ill call you.

5 5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-5 Use qualche with a singular noun, even though it expresses the plural meaning of some, a few, or several. Ti ho preso qualche libro. Va bene? I picked up several/ a few books for you. Is that all right? Dove mangiamo stasera? Hai qualche idea? Where shall we eat tonight? Do you have some ideas? Partitives and expressions of quantity

6 5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-6 Alcuni and alcune are always followed by plural nouns and mean several or a few. Alcune persone sono arrivate in ritardo alla festa. Several people arrived late for the party. Facciamo alcuni acquisti prima di tornare a Spello. Lets buy a few things before going back to Spello. Partitives and expressions of quantity

7 5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-7 In negative sentences, the partitive is omitted. It may also be omitted in questions and when listing items. I vegetariani non mangiano carne. Vegetarians dont eat meat. Abbiamo bisogno di cipolle, funghi e pomodori per fare la pizza. We need onions, mushrooms, and tomatoes to make the pizza. Avete figli? Do you have children? Partitives and expressions of quantity

8 5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-8 Expressions of quantity Many expressions of quantity are followed by di. Others such as molto, parecchio (several, a lot of ), poco, troppo, and tantoare not. When used as adjectives, they must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. Partitives and expressions of quantity un bicchiere di a glass of una bottiglia di a bottle of un chilo di a kilo of un litro di a liter of un pio di a pair of un pezzo di a piece of un po di a little (of) un sacco di a lot of/lots of una scatola di a box of una tazza di a cup of

9 5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-9 Partitives and expressions of quantity Mi dia un chilo di uva, per favore. Give me a kilo of grapes, please. Quanto costa una bottiglia di vino rosso? How much does a bottle of red wine cost? Ho molta fame. Mangiamo! Im very hungry. Lets eat! Troppe persone non pensano allambiente. Too many people dont think about the environment. Lei ha tante idee! She has so many ideas! Mio genero ha dato un pezzo di cioccolato al cane. My son-in-law gave a piece of chocolate to the dog.

10 5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-10 When molto, parecchio, poco, tanto, and other expressions of quantity are used as adverbs, always use the masculine, singular form. Riccardo mangia sempre troppo. Riccardo always eats too much. I bambini litigano parecchio! The kids fight a lot! Partitives and expressions of quantity

11 5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-11 The numerical expressions un milione and un miliardo (and their multiples) are followed by di. Te lho già detto un miliardo di volte! Ive already told you that a billion times! Tre milioni di persone sono venute alla manifestazione. Three million people came to the demonstration. Partitives and expressions of quantity

12 5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-12 Note these conversions and equivalents for quantities. Tabella conversioni - Unità di misura comuni 1 chilogrammo (kg) = 2,2 libbre1 chilometro (km) = 0,6 miglia 1 etto = 0,22 libbre1 metro (m) = 3,28 piedi 1 litro = 1,13 quarto di gallone1 centimetro (cm) = 0,39 pollici (inches) Numeri – ItaliaNumeri – Stati Uniti milionemillion miliardobillion bilionetrillion biliardoquatrillion Partitives and expressions of quantity

13 5.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5.1-13 Partitives and expressions of quantity ATTENZIONE! Dont forget that the metric system is used in Italy. To buy about two pounds of pasta, for example, ask for un chilo di pasta. To buy a little over a pound of something, use un mezzo chilo di… If you want only a small amount, ask for un etto di… or due etti di…, 100 or 200 grams, respectively. For liquid measures, un litro is somewhat more than a quart.


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