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Partitives and expressions of quantity—Ha fatto tanti chilometri. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Partitives and expressions of quantityIl partitivo In English, words like some, a few, a little, any, and several express an indefinite amount or part of the whole. The Italian equivalent is conveyed by il partitivo and expressions of quantity such as del, un po’ di, qualche, and alcuni/e. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Partitives and expressions of quantityTo form the partitive, combine di with the definite article: del, dello, della, dell’, dei, degli, delle. Ho comprato della pasta al mercato. I bought some pasta at the market. Avete preparato degli spaghetti? Gnam! Did you make spaghetti? Yum! Metti dello zucchero sulla tavola. Put some sugar on the table. Hanno invitato delle amiche alla festa. They invited some girlfriends to the party. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Partitives and expressions of quantityUse un po’ di (a little of, a bit of) with a singular noun that is abstract or that you can measure (but not count). Marco mi ha dato un po’ di carne per il mio cagnolino. Marco gave me a bit of meat for my little dog. Quando avrò un po’ di tempo libero, ti telefonerò. When I have a little free time, I’ll call you. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Partitives and expressions of quantityUse qualche with a singular noun, even though it expresses the plural meaning of some, a few, or several. Ti ho preso qualche libro. Va bene? I picked up several/ a few books for you. Is that all right? Dove mangiamo stasera? Hai qualche idea? Where shall we eat tonight? Do you have some ideas? © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Partitives and expressions of quantityAlcuni and alcune are always followed by plural nouns and mean several or a few. Alcune persone sono arrivate in ritardo alla festa. Several people arrived late for the party. Facciamo alcuni acquisti prima di tornare a Spello. Let’s buy a few things before going back to Spello. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Partitives and expressions of quantityIn negative sentences, the partitive is omitted. It may also be omitted in questions and when listing items. I vegetariani non mangiano carne. Vegetarians don’t eat meat. Abbiamo bisogno di cipolle, funghi e pomodori per fare la pizza. We need onions, mushrooms, and tomatoes to make the pizza. Avete figli? Do you have children? © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Partitives and expressions of quantityMany expressions of quantity are followed by di. Others—such as molto, parecchio (several, a lot of ), poco, troppo, and tanto—are not. When used as adjectives, they must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. un bicchiere di a glass of una bottiglia di a bottle of un chilo di a kilo of un litro di a liter of un pạio di a pair of un pezzo di a piece of un po’ di a little (of) un sacco di a lot of/lots of una scatola di a box of una tazza di a cup of © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Partitives and expressions of quantityMi dia un chilo di uva, per favore. Give me a kilo of grapes, please. Quanto costa una bottiglia di vino rosso? How much does a bottle of red wine cost? Ho molta fame. Mangiamo! I’m very hungry. Let’s eat! Troppe persone non pensano all’ambiente. Too many people don’t think about the environment. Lei ha tante idee! She has so many ideas! Mio genero ha dato un pezzo di cioccolato al cane. My son-in-law gave a piece of chocolate to the dog. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Partitives and expressions of quantityWhen molto, parecchio, poco, tanto, and other expressions of quantity are used as adverbs, always use the masculine, singular form. Riccardo mangia sempre troppo. Riccardo always eats too much. I bambini litigano parecchio! The kids fight a lot! © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Partitives and expressions of quantityThe numerical expressions un milione and un miliardo (and their multiples) are followed by di. Te l’ho già detto un miliardo di volte! I’ve already told you that a billion times! Tre milioni di persone sono venute alla manifestazione. Three million people came to the demonstration. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Partitives and expressions of quantityNote these conversions and equivalents for quantities. Tabella conversioni - Unità di misura comuni 1 chilogrammo (kg) = 2,2 libbre 1 chilometro (km) = 0,6 miglia 1 etto = 0,22 libbre 1 metro (m) = 3,28 piedi 1 litro = 1,13 quarto di gallone 1 centimetro (cm) = 0,39 pollici (inches) Numeri – Italia Numeri – Stati Uniti milione million miliardo billion bilione trillion biliardo quatrillion © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Partitives and expressions of quantityATTENZIONE! Don’t forget that the metric system is used in Italy. To buy about two pounds of pasta, for example, ask for un chilo di pasta. To buy a little over a pound of something, use un mezzo chilo di… If you want only a small amount, ask for un etto di… or due etti di…, 100 or 200 grams, respectively. For liquid measures, un litro is somewhat more than a quart. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Reflect gender and number in nouns
Definite and Indefinite Articles in Spanish
Punto di partenza Partitives express some or any; they refer to part of a whole or an undefined quantity. To form the partitive in Italian, combine the.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-1 Punto di partenza Comparatives of equality (comparativi di uguaglianza) are used to indicate that two people,
5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs.
Punto di partenza Adverbs describe how, when, and where actions take place. They modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Unlike adjectives, adverbs.
Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that.
As in English, numbers in Italian follow patterns.
1.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Definite and indefinite articles must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. They vary.
Punto di partenza A reflexive verb “reflects” the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form of reflexives ends with the reflexive pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.1-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned some descriptive adjectives in Lezione 1B, and in Lezione 3A.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the verb essere with numbers to tell time.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 1A you learned the numbers 0–100. The chart below shows numbers above one hundred. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Punto di partenza You have already learned some prepositions and prepositional contractions in Italian, such as di to show possession and alle when referring.
Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an irregular verb, you will need to memorize its present.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1B, you learned how to form yes-or-no questions and questions with interrogative.
6.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc There are many ways to express negation (la negazione) in Italian. The simplest way is to place the.
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