Wall Coverings Selected according to: ○ Function ○ Size ○ Existing furnishings ○ Budget ○ Maintenance
Four Types of Surface Treatment Paint Wall paper Fabric Wood /Tile
Paint Paint is the least expensive and easiest to change. Choose a color slightly lighter than the color desired.
Paint Types Oil-Based ○ Durable and washable ○ Chosen for walls and ceilings in bathrooms and kitchens Latex (water-based) ○ Easily applied ○ Quick drying ○ Often used for living, dining and bedrooms. Least expensive
Paint Finishes Finishes Gloss – reflects most light Semi-gloss – easy to wash; reflects less light Eggshell – reflects little light; hard to maintain. Amount of paint 1 gallon of paint will cover about 400 square feet.
Selecting Paint Remember that dark colors make a room feel smaller. Light colors and smooth walls make a room feel larger Ceilings ○ Feel top heavy if color is darker than the walls.
Wallpaper Thousands of patterns and colors to choose from. Many treated with varying thicknesses of vinyl. Low to high cost. Can be washed or scrubbed depending on type of paper.
Wallpaper is used to: Wallpaper is used to: Alter the shape of the room Camouflage architectural flaws Absorb sound Insulate Provide background Add color, texture, and pattern
Four Types of Wallpaper Pre-pasted: Glue applied during manufacturing process. Soak in water before hanging up. Strippable: It can be easily removed from the wall, by pulling on a corner Scrubbable: Wiped clean, and marks scrubbed off with design still remaining. Vinyl-coated: Recommended for kitchens, bathrooms, and playrooms.
More information Packaged and sold by the roll – single or double Patterns repeat – allow enough for large patterns Run number – number printed on wall paper that indicates it’s from a certain dye lot. (For manufacturer)
Things to remember… Wall paper with vertical stripes makes a wall appear taller. Large patterns make a room appear smaller.
Fabric Large variety of patterns and colors Mounted in different ways Not as practical in areas that get a lot of wear or dirt. Average to high cost Vacuum to remove dirt and wash if possible.
Fabric Provides texture (heavy textures make a room appear smaller) Wide range of colors & patterns Could be total wall coverage Could be wall hanging Provides insulation
Tile and Wood Ceramic Tile Most often used in bathrooms and kitchens. ○ Durable, Easily cleaned, somewhat costly. Paneling Wall treatment made of wood.
Paneling Warm and attractive appearance Requires little maintenance Different forms and price ranges Provides insulation
Molding Moldings are strips of wood used for trim in a room. Main purpose – to finish off a window, door, or wall. Base boards ○ Molding hides the break between floor and wall. Chair rails ○ Molding across the wall about 3 feet from the floor. ○ Molding that divides a wall Crown ○ Molding to hide the break between the ceiling and wall.
Ceilings Long ago were often painted with murals and designs. Average height is 8 feet. Higher ceilings lend a feeling of dignity Lower ceilings create a warm and informal room.
Two Types of Walls Walls Bearing: ○ support the weight of the ceiling, floor, upper floor and roof, should not be moved, or removed Non-bearing: ○ serve as partitions between rooms and do not support the main structure.
Walls Functions of Walls ○ Protect interior from the outside ○ Give structural support ○ Conceal pipes, wire, mechanical systems and insulation. ○ Serve as backgrounds ○ Provide acoustics