2 Walls, ceilings and floors comprise the largest visual portion of a room.
3 Appearance… Large patterns will make a large room appear closer. Small patterns and light colors make a small room appear larger.Mirrors create an illusion of space.Wall coverings should coordinate with furnishings.Colors should not overpower furnishings.Vertical stripes will make a wall appear tallerTall walls appear lower when ceiling and walls are same color.Choosing a dominant feature in the room will help determine wall coverings.
4 Ceilings Long ago were often painted with murals, designs or pendants. Most materials discussed can be used on ceilingsAverage height is 8 feet.High or angled ceilings lend a feeling of dignityLow or beamed ceilings create a warm and informal room.Acoustic materials absorb sound
5 WallsBearing Walls: Support weight of structure and can not be removed.Non-bearing: walls separate spaceThey serve as:Dividers for privacyNoise controlStructureAesthetics.
6 Wall and ceiling Coverings Wall coveringsSelected according to:FunctionSizeOrientation to a natural light sourceExisting furnishingsBudgetMaintenance.
7 Overview of Materials 6 basic types of wall treatments Examples: Hard or Rigid MaterialsPaint Paneling MoldingWall Paper FabricExamples:Brick Cork GlassFabric Paint PlasterMetal Tile PaperWood Concrete StoneNatural and Fabricated materialsMaterials can be used on walls, ceilings and sometimes floors
9 Wall Coverings Paper: Paper, Vinyl, Flocked, Embossed, Foiled, Mural Tremendous variety to choose fromLow to high cost, mostly modestImitates natural materialsCovers blemished wallsCoordinates/Allows creativityInstant décorCan be washed depending on type of paper.
10 Purchasing Wallpaper Packaged and sold by the ROLL (not foot/yard). Pattern Repeats- allow enough space for large patternsA Run/dye Number printed on wallpaper indicates which dye lot it came from.Strippable – easy to removeScrubable – design remains when scrubbedPre-pasted – glue already applied to backVinyl-coated – recommended for kitchens, bathrooms, and playrooms.
11 Wall Coverings Fabric Large variety of patterns and colors Mounted in different ways: shirred, frames, upholstered, staplingNot as practical in areas that get a lot of wear or dirt.Average to high costVacuum to remove dirt and wash if possible.
12 Wall Coverings Paneling Warm and attractive appearance Requires little maintenanceDifferent forms and price ranges
13 Wall Coverings Molding Strips of wood used for trim or ornamentation in a room.Main purpose is to finish off a window, door or wall.Baseboard moldingCrown moldingChair RailPicture Rail
14 Molding Available in a wide range of colors, grains & species Hides architectural flawsProvides insulationHides seams or dry wall
15 Crown MoldingFinishes a top edgeChair Rail/WainscotDivides room horizontallyBase BoardCovers lowest part of wall
16 Wall Coverings Paint Most popular Least expensive wall covering Offers color, texture and varietyProvides visual excitementBright = attentionDark = close/advanceLight = open/expand
17 Faux: Imitates other materials Trump l’oeil: fool the eye, 3-D
18 Paint Types Finishes Oil-Based Latex Gloss, semi-gloss, satin and flat Durable and washableChosen for walls and ceilings in bathrooms and kitchensCan not clean up brushes with waterLatexEasily appliedWater based, easy clean upOften used for living, dining and bedrooms.FinishesGloss, semi-gloss, satin and flat
19 Flat FinishFlat finish softens walls and helps hide surface imperfections.It is the least expensiveTotally shine-freeGood for Ceilings where you will not need to wash them oftenStains can be difficult to remove, so do not use in high-traffic areas
20 Paint - EggshellProvides greater warmth and depth to surfaces than flat paints.Resist stains better than flat paints, although not as well as semigloss and high-gloss finishes.
21 Satin FinishSatin and low luster paints have a slightly higher sheen than eggshell finishesIs slightly easier to clean than a flat and eggshell finish
22 Semi-gloss Finish Slightly glossy appearance less reflective than gloss paintsThey offer good stain resistance, are easy to clean, and may be a good choice if you have young childrenMost experts agree that the highest quality semi-gloss paints are 100% acrylic latex paints, which also come in enamel grades.
23 High-Gloss Highly reflective appearance Toughest, most durable, and most stain-resistant finishThey are easier to cleanIdeal for areas exposed to heavy traffic or use, especially those prone to fingerprints or grimeTend to highlight surface imperfections.Both latex and oil-based gloss paints are referred to as enamels.
24 Bob Villa’s Interior Paint Selection Guide Where traffic, moisture, and abrasion are likely to occur, high-gloss finishes may be recommended. Flat finishes and low-luster paints are better suited to quieter areas of the home and new construction.