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Wall Coverings and ceilings

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Presentation on theme: "Wall Coverings and ceilings"— Presentation transcript:

1 Wall Coverings and ceilings

2 Walls, ceilings and floors comprise the largest visual portion of a room.

3 Appearance… Large patterns will make a large room appear closer.
Small patterns and light colors make a small room appear larger. Mirrors create an illusion of space. Wall coverings should coordinate with furnishings. Colors should not overpower furnishings. Vertical stripes will make a wall appear taller Tall walls appear lower when ceiling and walls are same color. Choosing a dominant feature in the room will help determine wall coverings.

4 Ceilings Long ago were often painted with murals, designs or pendants.
Most materials discussed can be used on ceilings Average height is 8 feet. High or angled ceilings lend a feeling of dignity Low or beamed ceilings create a warm and informal room. Acoustic materials absorb sound

5 Walls Bearing Walls: Support weight of structure and can not be removed. Non-bearing: walls separate space They serve as: Dividers for privacy Noise control Structure Aesthetics.

6 Wall and ceiling Coverings
Wall coverings Selected according to: Function Size Orientation to a natural light source Existing furnishings Budget Maintenance.

7 Overview of Materials 6 basic types of wall treatments Examples:
Hard or Rigid Materials Paint Paneling Molding Wall Paper Fabric Examples: Brick Cork Glass Fabric Paint Plaster Metal Tile Paper Wood Concrete Stone Natural and Fabricated materials Materials can be used on walls, ceilings and sometimes floors

8 Wall Coverings Hard or Rigid Materials: Brick, Tile, Glass, Metal, Wood Costly Are permanent Require little/no upkeep Give natural texture Considered classic

9 Wall Coverings Paper: Paper, Vinyl, Flocked, Embossed, Foiled, Mural
Tremendous variety to choose from Low to high cost, mostly modest Imitates natural materials Covers blemished walls Coordinates/Allows creativity Instant décor Can be washed depending on type of paper.

10 Purchasing Wallpaper Packaged and sold by the ROLL (not foot/yard).
Pattern Repeats- allow enough space for large patterns A Run/dye Number printed on wallpaper indicates which dye lot it came from. Strippable – easy to remove Scrubable – design remains when scrubbed Pre-pasted – glue already applied to back Vinyl-coated – recommended for kitchens, bathrooms, and playrooms.

11 Wall Coverings Fabric Large variety of patterns and colors
Mounted in different ways: shirred, frames, upholstered, stapling Not as practical in areas that get a lot of wear or dirt. Average to high cost Vacuum to remove dirt and wash if possible.

12 Wall Coverings Paneling Warm and attractive appearance
Requires little maintenance Different forms and price ranges

13 Wall Coverings Molding
Strips of wood used for trim or ornamentation in a room. Main purpose is to finish off a window, door or wall. Baseboard molding Crown molding Chair Rail Picture Rail

14 Molding Available in a wide range of colors, grains & species
Hides architectural flaws Provides insulation Hides seams or dry wall

15 Crown Molding Finishes a top edge Chair Rail/Wainscot Divides room horizontally Base Board Covers lowest part of wall

16 Wall Coverings Paint Most popular Least expensive wall covering
Offers color, texture and variety Provides visual excitement Bright = attention Dark = close/advance Light = open/expand

17 Faux: Imitates other materials
Trump l’oeil: fool the eye, 3-D

18 Paint Types Finishes Oil-Based Latex Gloss, semi-gloss, satin and flat
Durable and washable Chosen for walls and ceilings in bathrooms and kitchens Can not clean up brushes with water Latex Easily applied Water based, easy clean up Often used for living, dining and bedrooms. Finishes Gloss, semi-gloss, satin and flat

19 Flat Finish Flat finish softens walls and helps hide surface imperfections. It is the least expensive Totally shine-free Good for Ceilings where you will not need to wash them often Stains can be difficult to remove, so do not use in high-traffic areas

20 Paint - Eggshell Provides greater warmth and depth to surfaces than flat paints. Resist stains better than flat paints, although not as well as semigloss and high-gloss finishes.

21 Satin Finish Satin and low luster paints have a slightly higher sheen than eggshell finishes Is slightly easier to clean than a flat and eggshell finish

22 Semi-gloss Finish Slightly glossy appearance
less reflective than gloss paints They offer good stain resistance, are easy to clean, and may be a good choice if you have young children Most experts agree that the highest quality semi-gloss paints are 100% acrylic latex paints, which also come in enamel grades.

23 High-Gloss Highly reflective appearance
Toughest, most durable, and most stain-resistant finish They are easier to clean Ideal for areas exposed to heavy traffic or use, especially those prone to fingerprints or grime Tend to highlight surface imperfections. Both latex and oil-based gloss paints are referred to as enamels.

24 Bob Villa’s Interior Paint Selection Guide
Where traffic, moisture, and abrasion are likely to occur, high-gloss finishes may be recommended. Flat finishes and low-luster paints are better suited to quieter areas of the home and new construction.

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