Presentation on theme: "1. Set the mood: a. formal or informal b. calm or exciting 2. Affect sound: a. textured materials absorb, mute sound b. compare carpet to hard wood floors,"— Presentation transcript:
1. Set the mood: a. formal or informal b. calm or exciting 2. Affect sound: a. textured materials absorb, mute sound b. compare carpet to hard wood floors, draped windows to exposed ones 3. Can serve as a focal point, or serve (unnoticed) as a background for other room furnishings Backgrounds include: floors walls counters ceilings windows
A. Structural floorings: brick, ceramic, concrete, porcelain, wood Advantages: extremely durable, long- lasting Disadvantages: not appropriate for every room
PROS: Beauty, warmth Durable and resilience (springs back ) Can last a lifetime if finished CONS: Easily scratched/dents Does not absorb sound COSTS: moderate to high…hard woods are more $$$$ than soft woods Special cleaning Which rooms would be good/bad for wood?
PROS: Cool to the touch so nice for sunbelt Large variety CONS: Expensive…lots of labor. Does not absorb sound; cold to the touch Porcelain - $$$$$$$$$$$$$$ Clean = soap and water Stone is cleaned with white vinegar/water Polished stone – formal, rough – rustic Which rooms would be good/bad for tile?
Cement! Cheap! Uncomfortable for long periods Patios, basements, garage Brick Beautiful, durable, costly! Clean like a stone floor Around fireplace, etc.
Resilient floorings: nonabsorbent, durable, inexpensive, cleanable a. vinyl- many patterns, comfort, absorbs sound….abrasions b. laminate – sturdy, 4 layers, moisture guarded, stain and wear resistant, absorbs sound, comfortable c. Sheet vinyl = best overall value Soft Floorings: Sound control! a. Wall-to-wall carpet 1. unbroken area of color/texture give spacious feeling 2. using it through several rooms unifies the interior 3. clean with vacuum Disadvantages: a. wears unevenly due to traffic patterns b. expensive to replace, repair c. fading can be uneven
b. rugs: 1. can unify areas 2. can be turned to distribute wear 3. can be moved
Carpet Texture: Created by the way the yarn is looped, twisted, or cut. Created moods that affects our choices: Cut plush carpet = luxurious feeling Nubby Berber carpet = rugged, casual feeling Carpet Color: 1. Patterned carpets can be a focal point, do not show as much dirt/damage easily 2. Pale, solid colors give feeling of spaciousness
Most popular wall coverings: a) paint b) wallpaper c) paneling 1. Often, neutrals are chosen for walls so large space is not too overpowering. 2. Factors to consider in choosing a wall covering: cost, harmonize with floor/ceiling, add to mood of the room, reflect personalities
Paint- least expensive wall coverings 1. Two types of paint: a) oil-based - durable, washable (cleans up with solvent) good for bathrooms, \kitchens, kids rooms b) latex- quick drying, easy to apply (cleans up with water) good for living/dining rooms, bedrooms 2. Achieving a textured appearance with paint: a) covers cracks, etc. b) special effects: rags, sponge, sprayers, etc. – p.319
1. Bold, bright = room appears smaller 2. Scenic patterns = illusion of distance 3. Vinyl wall coverings are durable and stain resistant.
Fabric Glue, tape, staple to wall Stretched between rods Hard to clean Tile Backsplash in kitchen; bathroom Styles and designs Easy to maintain/clean
Advantages: warm, attractive requires little maintenance Disadvantages: can be extremely expensive Two types of paneling: a. solid wood b. plastic laminate- less expensive
1. doors/room openings - provides a finish between the wall can be decorative 2. Baseboard moldings - provide a finish between floor and wall at floor level can be decorative 3. Chair railings - prevent wall damage from chairs 4. Ceiling railings
Height: average is 8 ft. higher = dignified, formal lower = cozy, intimate, informal, conserves heat Purpose: control temp in house, hide pipes/wires/gas line/water line Acoustical means absorbs sound!
1. To make a ceiling higher: a. paint ceiling a light color b. use vertical lines on walls, at windows 2. To make a ceiling seem lower: a. extend ceiling color down onto the wall b. use a dark color or pattern on the ceiling
Functions: a. decorative b. regular sunlight c. muffle noise d. insulate e. provide privacy
1. Curtains -informal rooms -light fabrics 2. Draperies -formal rooms -heavier, lined fabrics -usually extend to the floor
Practical advantages: a) privacy, sound absorption, prevent heat loss Decorative advantages: a) can extend windows, hide pipes, uneven walls, can suggest a window where there is none
1. valance-decorative material across top of a window can be fabric or wood 2. swag-draped material across top of a window 3. Shutters -louvers may be stationary or movable -may have fabric inserts -usually of wood, painted or stained -provide simple, uncluttered look
4. Shades: four main types- a. roller shades -inexpensive -fabric, wall- paper, laminated -room-darkening, light-filtering, heat-reflecting
b. Roman shades -accordion folds, flat when down ---fabric, bamboo, wood, metal c. Balloon shades -similar to Roman shade, but fabric puffs out d. Pleated shades –Verisol --usually of fabric -appear pleated, even when down
5. Blinds -series of evenly-spaced slats -metal, wood, fabric-coated -two types: a) Venetian (horizontal) 6. Stained glass -expensive, used as an accent -light-filtering, provide privacy
1. Amount of light, air, noise that needs to be controlled 2. Amount of insulation needed 3. Amount of privacy needed 4. Decorative needs to consider: a. can carry the color scheme, theme of the room b. can make room appear taller, shorter c. can show off features (moldings), or hide them