Presentation on theme: "Housing Decisions by Evelyn Lewis & Carolyn Turner"— Presentation transcript:
1Housing Decisions by Evelyn Lewis & Carolyn Turner Chapter 14Creating Interior BackgroundsWall Coverings
2Walls make up the largest surface area of a room. The protect against the outdoors & reduce the noiseentering a room.They hide pipes, wiring, and insulation. They alsodivide spaces.When choosing a wall covering, it is essential toconsider the color involved, the condition of the wallsand the function of the room.
3Most commonly used wall coverings are: paint, wallpaper, paneling, mirrors, fabric and carpeting. Neutral colors are more often used than vivid colors because they provide a background to the rest of the room and furnishings.
4Washable wall surfaces are recommended for bathrooms, kitchens, children’s rooms and hallways because walls in these areas tend to become soiled more quickly than bedrooms or living rooms.
14Wall Treatments Wall treatment is coverings for the interior wall. It should harmonize with the floor & ceiling.Reflect the people that use the room.
15Housing Decisions by Evelyn Lewis & Carolyn Turner PAINT50 Lessons Over EasyHousing Decisions by Evelyn Lewis & Carolyn Turner
16Paint is a thin coating designed to maks and protect the surface beneath it. It is the fastest & cheapest way to change a room.
17Paint Usually Consists of 4 Components Liquid: water or mineral spirits, which allow the paint to be applied, then evaporates.Pigments: gives the paint it’s color and hiding power.
183. Additives: modifies the paint’s characteristics. 4. Binders: the plastic-like material that binds the pigments and additives to the surface.
19Main Types of PaintLatex: it is flexible, thins and cleans up with water, dries quickly, and has non-toxic fumes.Oil: sometimes called “alkyds”, have greater adhesion over smooth, nonabsorbent surfaces, such as plastic and metals. They can hold a greater percentage of solids, often allowing single-coat coverage.
20Sheen & Finish both refer to the reflective characteristics of the paint after it has dried (flat or satin). Painters usually use theterm interchangeably.
21Used for high traffic area walls. Ex.: doors, trims, and shelving. SemiglossFlatUsed for high traffic area walls.Ex.: doors, trims, and shelving.Soft finish to walls & ceiling.Do not use for windowsills or kitchen or bathroom walls and woodwork.Flat paints are usually the least expensive and the most difficult to clean.Best for use on walls and ceilings (except in the kitchen or bathroom).
22EggshellSatinBest for use on walls and ceilings.Can be used in kitchens or bathrooms.Walls in any room because it resists dirt better than flat.
23GlossBest for doors, trims, shelving, kitchen cabinets, bathrooms, and wet rooms.
24Painting TipsThere is a big difference between a paint that is dry to the touch and one that is fully cured.Fully cured means that all liquid has evaporated and the color has reached maturity.A paint can dry to the touch in 24 hours, but can take up to 30 days to full cure.
26Faux FinishesFrench word meaning false. Faux finishes simulate the look of another materials, such as a stone or wood, by using various techniques to apply paints to a surface. More popular finishes are marble, granite, and wood grain looks.
27Paint can be applied in a number of different textures & patterns to Create a decorative finish on the wall. Achieved by applying paint to the wall with materials other than a common paint brush.
28Marbleizing:Treatment that looks like marble.Stenciling:Applying paint by using a cutout form to outline a design or lettering.
29SpongingA sponge is dipped in the paint and dabbed on the wall to add pattern.Paint is applied with a sponge over a base coat, giving a mottled or blotchy texture.
30SpatteringPaint on a brush is flipped onto the base coat, giving a speckled appearance.
31StripplingSimilar to sponging, but a more delicate effect is achieved by using a strippling brush to apply a colored paint lightly over the base color.
32RaggingOne or more colors are applied over the base coat, and then partly removed by blotting or rolling with a rag to achieve a marbleized effect.Applied to pieces of cloth.
33GlazingLayers of one or more transparent colors are applied on top of a base coat. The result gives the illusion of various depths on the wall.
34How Much Paint Do I NeedYou end up with a number that is close to the actual wall area you have to cover with paint.In general, you can expect 1 gallon of paint to cover about 350 square feet.There are on-line paint calculators available to make this an easier process!
36Wallpaperhas been used to cover walls since the 16th century in Europe and since colonial times in America.
37The use of wallpaper can change the apparent dimensions of a room. A bold, bright wallpaper pattern can make a room appear smaller and a scenic pattern can make a room seem more spacious.Before purchasing wallpaper, you should bring home a large sample to try for color and pattern.
38Before purchasing wallpaper, you should bring home a large sample to try for colorand pattern. Wallpaper can be washable,scrubbable and strippable.
39Vinyl-faced wallpaper is backed with fabric or heavy paper, it is durable and popular.
40Heavy embossed wallpaper has raised surface areas as a part of the design, can be used to create a formal effect.
41Prepasted wallpaperis easy to “hang;” it must be soaked briefly in water before hanging.
42Strippable wallpaper is easily strippable, which means that it can be removed from the wall easily. Other papers must be removed by steaming and scraping.
43Grass ClothIs made of loosely woven plant fibers that are backed with paper.
44BordersNarrow strips of decorative wallpaper used around doors, windows, and areas where walls and ceilings meet or on wall in various heights parallel to the floor. Borders can be used alone or with other wall coverings.
45MuralsAre complete scene that do not have a repeat. Some murals may require nine or ten panels to complete the scene murals are usually placed on only one wall in a room.
46When purchasing wallpaper, match the batch numbers on all of the rolls purchased to insure colors match.
47Fabric Can be attached to the wall with glue, tape, or staples. Stretched over a frame and hung on the wall.Add color, warmth, texture, and interest to a room.
48Moldingis strips of wood or resin used for trim or ornamentation in a room. The main purpose is to finish of a window, door, wall or to prevent damage to the wall.
49Crown molding is hung were the ceiling meets the wall. 2. Plate/Picture rail is a wide molding hung 6 ft. off the ground used for display purposes
50Chair Railis hung 3 feet from the floor to prevent the backs of chairs from damaging walls or for decoration.
51Baseboard/kickboards hide the break between the wall and floor.