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Walls and Ceilings Walls and Ceilings Background Surface Treatments.

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Presentation on theme: "Walls and Ceilings Walls and Ceilings Background Surface Treatments."— Presentation transcript:

1 Walls and Ceilings Walls and Ceilings Background Surface Treatments

2 Naturalistic Stylized/Conventional AbstractGeometric

3 Colors and feelings associated with rooms Colors and feelings associated with rooms Feel smaller – dark, bright colors, large pattern, rough textures Feel smaller – dark, bright colors, large pattern, rough textures Feel larger – light colors, smooth walls Feel larger – light colors, smooth walls Ceilings Ceilings Feel top heavy if color is darker than the walls. Feel top heavy if color is darker than the walls.

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6 Walls and Ceilings Walls Walls Two types of walls Two types of walls Bearing: support the weight of the ceiling, floor, upper floor and roof, should not be moved, or removed Bearing: support the weight of the ceiling, floor, upper floor and roof, should not be moved, or removed Non-bearing: serve as partitions between rooms and do not support the main structure. Non-bearing: serve as partitions between rooms and do not support the main structure.

7 Walls and Ceilings Functions of Walls Functions of Walls Protect interior from the outside Protect interior from the outside Give structural support Give structural support Conceal pipes, wire, mechanical systems and insulation. Conceal pipes, wire, mechanical systems and insulation. Serve as backgrounds Serve as backgrounds Provide acoustics Provide acoustics

8 Wall Coverings Wall coverings Wall coverings Selected according to: Selected according to: Function Function Size Size Orientation to a natural light source Orientation to a natural light source Existing furnishings Existing furnishings Budget Budget Maintenance. Maintenance.

9 PAINT Quick, least expensive, easiest to change. Quick, least expensive, easiest to change. Choose a color slightly lighter than the color desired. Choose a color slightly lighter than the color desired. Two forms of Residential use Two forms of Residential use Latex (water base) Latex (water base) Quick drying, clean with warm water, many colors Quick drying, clean with warm water, many colors Alkyd (oil base) Alkyd (oil base) Washable surface, many colors Washable surface, many colors

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11 Paint Paint Finishes Finishes Gloss – reflects most light Gloss – reflects most light Semi-gloss – easy to wash; reflects less light Semi-gloss – easy to wash; reflects less light Eggshell and Flat – reflects little light; hard to maintain. Eggshell and Flat – reflects little light; hard to maintain. Amount of paint Amount of paint 1 gallon of paint will cover about 400 square feet. 1 gallon of paint will cover about 400 square feet.

12 Specialty Painting RaggingSponging GlazeLime wash

13 Wall Paper Wall paper is used to: Wall paper is used to: Alter the shape of the room Alter the shape of the room Camouflage architectural flaws Camouflage architectural flaws Absorb sound Absorb sound Insulate Insulate Provide background Provide background Add color, texture, and pattern Add color, texture, and pattern

14 Wall Paper

15 Pre-pasted – Glue applied during manufacturing process. Soak in water before hanging up. Pre-pasted – Glue applied during manufacturing process. Soak in water before hanging up. Strippable – it can be easily removed from the wall, by pulling on a corner Strippable – it can be easily removed from the wall, by pulling on a corner Scrubbable – Wiped clean, and marks scrubbed off with design still remaining. Scrubbable – Wiped clean, and marks scrubbed off with design still remaining. Vinyl-coated – recommended for kitchens, bathrooms, and playrooms. Vinyl-coated – recommended for kitchens, bathrooms, and playrooms. Types of Wallpaper

16 Other Information Packaged and sold by the roll – single or double Packaged and sold by the roll – single or double Pattern repeats – allow enough for large patterns Pattern repeats – allow enough for large patterns Run number – number printed on wall paper that indicates its from a certain dye lot. Run number – number printed on wall paper that indicates its from a certain dye lot.

17 Fabric Large variety of patterns and colors Large variety of patterns and colors Mounted in different ways Mounted in different ways Not as practical in areas that get a lot of wear or dirt. Not as practical in areas that get a lot of wear or dirt. Average to high cost Average to high cost Vacuum to remove dirt and wash if possible. Vacuum to remove dirt and wash if possible.

18 Fabric Provides texture (heavy textures make a room appear smaller) Provides texture (heavy textures make a room appear smaller) Wide range of colors & patterns Wide range of colors & patterns Could be total wall coverage Could be total wall coverage Could be wall hanging Could be wall hanging Provides insulation Provides insulation

19 Tile and Wood Ceramic Tile Ceramic Tile Most often used in bathrooms and kitchens. Most often used in bathrooms and kitchens. Durable, Easily cleaned, somewhat costly. Durable, Easily cleaned, somewhat costly. Paneling Paneling Wall treatment made of wood. Wall treatment made of wood.

20 Ceramic Tile

21 Wood Paneling

22 Moldings Moldings are strips of wood used for trim in a room. Moldings are strips of wood used for trim in a room. Main purpose – to finish off a window, door, or wall. Main purpose – to finish off a window, door, or wall. Base boards Base boards Molding hides the break between floor and wall. Molding hides the break between floor and wall. Chair rails Chair rails Molding across the wall about 3 feet from the floor. Molding across the wall about 3 feet from the floor. Molding that divides a wall Molding that divides a wall Crown Crown Molding to hide the break between the ceiling and wall. Molding to hide the break between the ceiling and wall.

23 Crown Molding Chair Rail Base Board


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