3Colors and feelings associated with rooms Feel smaller – dark, bright colors, large pattern, rough texturesFeel larger – light colors, smooth wallsCeilingsFeel top heavy if color is darker than the walls.
6Walls and Ceilings Walls Two types of walls Bearing: support the weight of the ceiling, floor, upper floor and roof, should not be moved, or removedNon-bearing: serve as partitions between rooms and do not support the main structure.
7Walls and Ceilings Functions of Walls Protect interior from the outsideGive structural supportConceal pipes, wire, mechanical systems and insulation.Serve as backgroundsProvide acoustics
8Wall Coverings Wall coverings Selected according to: Function Size Orientation to a natural light sourceExisting furnishingsBudgetMaintenance.
9PAINT Quick, least expensive, easiest to change. Choose a color slightly lighter than the color desired.Two forms of Residential useLatex (water base)Quick drying, clean with warm water, many colorsAlkyd (oil base)Washable surface, many colors
11Paint Finishes Amount of paint Gloss – reflects most light Semi-gloss – easy to wash; reflects less lightEggshell and Flat – reflects little light; hard to maintain.Amount of paint1 gallon of paint will cover about 400 square feet.
15Types of WallpaperPre-pasted – Glue applied during manufacturing process. Soak in water before hanging up.Strippable – it can be easily removed from the wall, by pulling on a cornerScrubbable – Wiped clean, and marks scrubbed off with design still remaining.Vinyl-coated – recommended for kitchens, bathrooms, and playrooms.
16Other Information Packaged and sold by the roll – single or double Pattern repeats – allow enough for large patternsRun number – number printed on wall paper that indicates it’s from a certain dye lot.
17Fabric Large variety of patterns and colors Mounted in different ways Not as practical in areas that get a lot of wear or dirt.Average to high costVacuum to remove dirt and wash if possible.
18Fabric Provides texture (heavy textures make a room appear smaller) Wide range of colors & patternsCould be total wall coverageCould be wall hangingProvides insulation
19Tile and Wood Ceramic Tile Most often used in bathrooms and kitchens. Durable, Easily cleaned, somewhat costly.PanelingWall treatment made of wood.
22Moldings Moldings are strips of wood used for trim in a room. Main purpose – to finish off a window, door, or wall.Base boardsMolding hides the break between floor and wall.Chair railsMolding across the wall about 3 feet from the floor.Molding that divides a wallCrownMolding to hide the break between the ceiling and wall.