2 Line Most basic element of design Line forms the edges or outlines of objects and areasShows direction and causes the eye to move from one point to another
3 Types of lineStraightVerticalHorizontalDiagonalCurved
4 Vertical Lines Causes the eye to move up and down Communicates – height, strength, dignity and stabilityExamples : Lines in window treatments, striped wallpaper. Grandfather clocks, highboys, armoires, tall picture frames.
6 Horizontal Line Parallel to ground directs your eyes across the space Communicates feelings of relaxation, calmness and restfulness.Examples: fireplace mantels, bookcases, long sofas, shelving, and fabrics
10 Curved LineCan be part of a circle, or free-form shape. Range from slightly to very curvedCurved lines reflect organization, eternity, uniformity, femininitySlightly curved – free form lines – natural and flowing movement, softness, freedom and openness
16 FORMForm is the physical shape of objects. It outlines the edges of a three-dimensional object and contains volume and mass. Form also has height, width and depth
17 4 Types of FormRealisticAbstractGeometricFree form
18 Realistic FormCommunicates a lifelike traditional and familiar feelingFor example: this couch has realistic form because of its specific form. It is easily recognized as a couch
19 Abstract Form Rearranges or stylizes a recognizable object The abstract form has traits that look like the real item, but altered.Abstract form communicates a contemporary, changing creative, and artistic feeling
20 Geometric formUses squares, rectangles, circles, and other geometric figure to create form.It communicates organization, order, planning, and tailored lookFound in home furnishings, such as square tables, round lampshades, and various shapes of pillows.
21 Free form Random and flowing Found in nature - in plants, stones, and woodDoes not have geometric design.Communicates a sense of freedom, free form is untraditional, unfamiliar, and different from realistic form
22 Using form in housing decisions Forms follow functionRelated forms are more agreeable than unrelated formsA gradual change in form smoothly directs the eye.
23 Forms follow functionThe function of an object should be considered first in the design process. Then the form should be chosenExample: Chairs in a family room should have a form that lets people sit comfortably and relax. Which form is better for relaxation?
24 Related forms are more agreeable than unrelated forms Your eyes feel comfortable looking at similar forms. Example: Rectangles are used throughout the room to give it a crisp, organized look
25 A gradual change in form smoothly directs the eyes Seeing an abrupt change in form or too many different forms together may be unpleasant and confusing.
26 Refers to the area around a form and the area inside a room SpaceRefers to the area around a form and the area inside a room
27 Consider 2 factorsThe size of the roomIts arrangement
28 Size of room Affects who will use the space and how they will use it. Example: Bedroom 10X12ft. – too small for 2 teens who need 2 beds, 2 dressers, 2 desks and chairs. But for 2 small children lnly needing 2 beds and 1 shared dresser the room could be adequate.
29 Size of space communicates positive and negative feelings Large space – communicates openness, grandeur or freedomSmall space – feel cozy, intimate or comfortable
30 Arrangement of spaceFirst need to evaluate the space and decide what design effect you wantYou can arrange space to make large spaces look smaller, small spaces to look larger
31 Expanding spaceWindows, use of mirrors or remove walls
32 Decrease sizeDivide space into separate areas – using area rugs, or cluster furniture
33 MassThe amount of pattern or objects in a space. It refers to how crowded or empty a space appears.Two types of massHigh MassLow Mass
34 High MassRefers to a space that is visually crowded – a lot of pattern or lines – room has many items in it.
35 Low MassRefers to space that is simple and sparse – only essential furnishings are usedCommunicated clean and airy feelings
36 TextureTactile texture - How the surface feels to the touch. You can see and feel tactile textureVisual texture – texture that you see, but cannot feel. Ex. Scenic wall paper or fabric patternsUse specific textures to communicate different feelings in a room
37 Rough textures – textured plaster or paint treatments create a more casual feeling
38 Smooth surfaces – glass, polished wood or brass, elegant feeling Glass walls and shiny floors. Smooth surfaces communicate both strength and elegance
39 Texture affects of visual size of room Heavy or rough textures absorbs light – room looks smallerHard smooth textures – reflect light creates illusion of a larger space