Presentation on theme: "4.04 Wall Coverings. PAINT Fastest and least expensive way to cover a wall Easiest way to change the look of a room When choosing a paint, choose a color."— Presentation transcript:
4.04 Wall Coverings
PAINT Fastest and least expensive way to cover a wall Easiest way to change the look of a room When choosing a paint, choose a color slightly LIGHTER the color you want.
Types of Paint Water-based or latex: easy to apply and dries quickly, does not adhere (stick) to some surfaces, such as bare wood Clean-up is easy with soap and water. Considered to be environmentally safe
Solvent-based may be oil or synthetic resin called ALKYD Alkyd dries more quickly than oil based paints, does not contain lead Produces a durable and washable surface so good for walls and ceilings of kitchens, baths. Mineral spirits used for cleanup
Types of Paint Enamel: have the most gloss, have protective and decorative finish Used in kitchens, baths, wood trim, window sills, masonry
Semi-gloss: have less gloss and are slightly less durable than enamels. Used in same places as enamels
Satin or eggshell finish: have a slight sheen and used mostly on walls. Slightly less durable than semi-gloss
Flat finish: no gloss and give a soft finish to walls and ceilings Should not be used in kitchens/baths or window sills or woodwork Usually the least expensive type of paint Most difficult to clean
Paint Techniques Faux Finishes Sponging: sponge is dipped into paint and dabbed onto wall to add pattern Ragging/Rag Rolling: paint is applied by adding paint to pieces of rag and then applied to wall by rolling on Marbleizing: wall treatment created to resemble marble stone
Tompe loeil: illusion created by paint to fool the eye. Usually a 3-D scene
Stenciling: applying paint by using a cutout form to outline a design or lettering. Can be created or purchased. Can vary from simple to complex and may involve using several paints to achieve the proper detail or effect
WALLPAPERS Decorative paper or vinyl applied to walls with glue or paste. Can copy any surface (brick, stone, wood, leather) Can be murals of outdoor scenes Can enhance any room and create any style
Types of Wallpapers Vinyl and vinyl-coated papers are best selling papers today These are washable, water and stain resistant
Specialty Wallpapers Foil: reflects light to make small rooms appear larger Embossed: have a raised surface area as part of design, more formal look Can be fabrics or natural fibers Paintable: has raised texture and can be painted on once on the wall. Good to cover uneven walls.
Specially treated papers are used in commercial settings. Must meet government standards for flammability, wear, resistance to staining, and ease of cleaning
Calculations One gallon of paint generally covers 350 square feet of wall To calculate paint: L+L+W+W x ceiling height / 350 = gal X 8 = 672/350= 2 gal.
One roll of wallpaper covers 36 feet L+L+W+W x ceiling height / x 8 = 672/36= =19 rls