2 PAINT Fastest and least expensive way to cover a wall Easiest way to change the look of a roomWhen choosing a paint, choose a color slightly LIGHTER the color you want.
3 Types of PaintWater-based or latex: easy to apply and dries quickly, does not adhere (stick) to some surfaces, such as bare woodClean-up is easy with soap and water.Considered to be environmentally safe
4 Solvent-based may be oil or synthetic resin called ALKYD Alkyd dries more quickly than oil based paints, does not contain leadProduces a durable and washable surface so good for walls and ceilings of kitchens, baths.Mineral spirits used for cleanup
5 Types of PaintEnamel: have the most gloss, have protective and decorative finishUsed in kitchens, baths, wood trim, window sills, masonry
6 Semi-gloss: have less gloss and are slightly less durable than enamels. Used in same places as enamels
7 Satin or eggshell finish: have a slight sheen and used mostly on walls. Slightly less durable than semi-gloss
8 Flat finish: no gloss and give a soft finish to walls and ceilings Should not be used in kitchens/baths or window sills or woodworkUsually the least expensive type of paintMost difficult to clean
9 Paint Techniques Faux Finishes Sponging: sponge is dipped into paint and dabbed onto wall to add patternRagging/Rag Rolling: paint is applied by adding paint to pieces of rag and then applied to wall by rolling onMarbleizing: wall treatment created to resemble marble stone
16 Stenciling: applying paint by using a cutout form to outline a design or lettering. Can be created or purchased.Can vary from simple to complex and may involve using several paints to achieve the proper detail or effect
18 WALLPAPERSDecorative paper or vinyl applied to walls with glue or paste.Can copy any surface (brick, stone, wood, leather)Can be murals of outdoor scenesCan enhance any room and create any style
19 Types of WallpapersVinyl and vinyl-coated papers are best selling papers todayThese are washable, water and stain resistant
20 Specialty WallpapersFoil: reflects light to make small rooms appear largerEmbossed: have a raised surface area as part of design, more formal lookCan be fabrics or natural fibersPaintable: has raised texture and can be painted on once on the wall. Good to cover uneven walls.
21 Specially treated papers are used in commercial settings. Must meet government standards for flammability, wear, resistance to staining, and ease of cleaning
22 CalculationsOne gallon of paint generally covers 350 square feet of wallTo calculate paint:L+L+W+W x ceiling height / 350 = gal.X 8 = 672/350= 2 gal.
23 One roll of wallpaper covers 36 feet L+L+W+W x ceiling height /36x 8 = 672/36= =19 rls