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Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved. Introduction To Trim
TRIM Molded trim does have a functional side – it covers gaps, rough edges and transitions between building materials. But when skillfully laid out, it can do much more. Wide baseboards, wainscoting, picture molding, crown molding and false beams on ceilings all add architectural detail and a decorative touch that can't be achieved with paint or wallpaper. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Base Shoe Mold 3.) Shoe mold is normally the last piece of floor-to-wall trim to be installed. It gives a finished look to the project. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Quarter Round 4.) Quarter round is used in place of shoe mold on some projects. Some customers and builders think it lends to a more massive look. In some cases you must use it to allow for expansion of hardwood flooring. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Baseboard 5.) Baseboard is, as the term implies, trim that is mounted or installed at the base of the wall. Here are few of the many different styles available. The left column shows end profiles and the right column shows face profiles. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Wall Base 6.) Again as the name implies, this trim is mounted or installed at the base or floor level. It is usually followed by shoe mold or quarter round. Base Molding Base is the wood molding that is attached to the bottom of the wall next to the floor. This base molding also goes against the casing in a 90 degree angle. The base molding generally is slightly thinner than the casing in order to allow for a better finished look. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Half Round Molding 7.) Half round molding is, as the name implies, 180 degrees or half round as shown on this slide. It comes standard from ½ to 3 in different species and can be special milled to larger sizes. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Cove & Corner Mold 8.) The left column shows different sizes of cove molding. The middle column shows Inside corner molding and the right column shows shoe molding. These moldings, like all other molding and trim, are available in many different species. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Crown Molding 9.) The four crown molds shown here are the classier, more expensive types available. These are available in many different species. Crown is the wood molding that is attached to both the wall and the ceiling. The molding itself is attached at a 45º angle to both of these surfaces. It softens the 90º angle where the ceiling and wall meet. In general, a higher ceiling will require a wider crown molding than a lower ceiling. Since a crown molding is attached at an angle, it also requires more skilled cutting to install properly. Crowns can also be installed in layers, for example, with the decorative part of a base molding showing beneath a crown molding to add extra dimension to moldings. Crowns can also be used in mantles or over doors where a more elaborate look is warranted. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Crown Mold # 2 10.) Multi-component crown molding. As you can see, many different components can be combined to get an effect you are looking for. This assembly would normally be used in a house or building with very high ceilings. This assembly is made up of five different components: 1.Crown Mold 2.Filler flat stock 3.Larger flat stock 4.Cap or chair rail 5.Larger flat filler. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Window Stool & Apron 11.) Typical modern window trimmed using casing, stool and apron. The stool and casing side profiles are shown and their locations illustrated with arrows showing their installed location. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Casing 12.) Three typical casing are shown on this slide, the side and face profiles are provided. This material would be used to case or frame around windows and doors and in other creative locations. Casing is the wood molding that surrounds a door, or window opening, on the flat inside walls of a home. It covers both the edge of the drywall or plaster, and the edge of the jamb, giving a finished look to your opening. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Casing # 2 13.) Shown on this slide are four very custom, very expensive door casing and trim combinations. This is the area of expertise where the trim carpenter can shine, not to mention make mega bucks $$$ Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Casing # 3 14.) More designs in casing. if you cant find what you want it can be custom milled for you. This milling is very expensive. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Door Stop 15.) The profile shown on this slide is a top view of a door unit. It shows where the stop would be installed. Door stops may be used on windows and other trim projects. Door Stop: A door stop is the small piece of wood, usually 1 3/8" - 1 1/2" wide, that is attached to the door jambs on both sides and on top of the door. This strip of wood is where the door comes to rest when it is closed. It stops the door from moving any further, and also covers the gap that would otherwise appear between the door and the jambs. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Screen Stock 16.) The two screen doors on this slide show the screen stock in place. Note: The number of spaces on any type door Is called the number of lights. The door on the left would be a 15-light and the one on the right a 10-light. Screen stock is used to build lattice and other custom trim. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
Framing Mold 17. Framing mold is used to build frames. It is also used in many other applications such as trimming cabinet doors, drawers. etc. Copyright © Texas Education Agency, 2011. All rights reserved.
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