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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1B, you learned how to form yes-or-no questions and questions with interrogative words. Here are the most commonly used interrogative words.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-2 In questions beginning with an interrogative word, the subject is usually placed at the end. Cosa comprate voi? What are you buying? Dove abita lingegnere? Where does the engineer live?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-3 When an interrogative is used with a preposition, the preposition must precede the interrogative. Con chi parla Beppe? With whom is Beppe talking? Da dove viene Mario? Where does Mario come from?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-4 Although quando? and a che ora? both express when?, quando? asks for a general time reference, while a che ora? indicates a specific time of day. Quando studiano? When (generally) do they study? A che ora parte il treno? (At) what time does the train leave?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-5 The interrogatives che, quale, and quanto can also be used as interrogative adjectives that modify nouns. Che is invariable, but quale and quanto/a must agree with the nouns they modify. Quale donna è tua madre? Which woman is your mother? Quanti cugini avete? How many cousins do you have?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-6 When followed by the verb è, the interrogatives come, dove, and che cosa drop the final vowel and add an apostrophe. Comè il tuo fidanzato? What is your boyfriend like? Dovè la proprietaria? Where is the owner?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-7 Use che cosè to ask for an explanation or definition and qual è to request specific information. Note that quale and qual è are not interchangeable. Che cosè la paleontologia? What is paleontology? Qual è il suo indirizzo? What is his address?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-8 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns Demonstratives indicate which of multiple items is being discussed. The adjectives questo ( this ) and quello ( that ) precede the nouns they modify. Questo has four regular endings, but the singular forms can be shortened to quest before a vowel. Note that quello follows the same pattern as bello.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-9 A che ora parte questo treno? At what time does this train leave? Chi è quelluomo? Who is that man?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-10 Demonstrative pronouns refer to a person or thing that has already been mentioned or whose identity is clear. They replace the noun to which they refer and agree with it in gender and number. The demonstrative pronouns are questo/a ( this one ), questi/e ( these ), quello/a ( that one ), and quelli/e ( those ). Quale libro preferisci: questo o quello? Which book do you prefer: this one or that one? Leggi questi libri o quelli? Are you reading these books or those?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-11 The pronouns questo and quello can be used to refer to whole ideas or previously mentioned topics. Quello non è importante in questo momento. That isnt important right now. Questo è veramente interessante! This is really interesting!
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B ______________ studia Giulia alluniversità? Matematica? 2. ______________ stai oggi? 3. ______________ è lei? Tua sorella Anna? 4. ______________ è il tuo numero di telefono? 5. ______________ comincia la classe? Alle due? 6. ______________ costa il libro? 7. Qual è la tua macchina: questa o ______________? 8. Di chi è ______________ cane? Complete each question with the appropriate interrogative or demonstrative word or expression. Cosa/Che/Che cosa
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.1-1 Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.9A.2-1 Punto di partenza Relative pronouns link two phrases together into a longer, more complex sentence. The.
Grammar Unit Pronouns. Lets Review... The pronoun is the second of the eight parts of speech. Just for the record, here are all eight: Noun Pronoun Adjective.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-1 Punto di partenza As in English, numbers in Italian follow patterns. Memorizing the numbers 0–30 will help.
Copyright © 2009 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved In order to talk about activities, you need to use verbs. Verbs express actions or states.
Subject-Verb Agreement Brenham Writing Room Created by D. Herring.
Parts of Speech. A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun or another pronoun. The word that a pronoun stands for is called its antecedent. It may be.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-1 Punto di partenza Comparatives of equality (comparativi di uguaglianza) are used to indicate that two people,
The. of and a to in is you that it he for.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
5.2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Uses of ci You have already learned that ci is used as a reflexive and reciprocal pronoun meaning ourselves.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-1 Punto di partenza In both English and Italian, possessives express ownership or possession.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved Subject pronouns In order to use verbs, you will need to learn about subject pronouns.
Adjectives Mrs. Pope. What are Adjectives? Adjectives are modifiers. They modify nouns or pronouns. This means they change the image of a noun or pronoun.
The. of and a to in is you that it he was.
WHAT YOULL NEED TO KNOW FOR FRESHMAN DGP DGP Notes.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.1-1 Punto di partenza A noun is a word that identifies a person, animal, place, thing, or idea. As in English,
Usage Review D. of Of is a preposition. Do not use in place of have after verbs such as could, should, would, might, must, and ought to. Incorrect:
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved You have already learned numbers 0–30. Now you will learn the rest of the numbers.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1A.2-1 Point de départ Numbers in French follow patterns, as they do in English. First, learn the numbers 0–30.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.1-1 Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an.
Language and Grammar Grammar – rules used to organise and describe language Syntax - the way sentences are structured Parts of speech: Nouns – people,
1.1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Il treno parte dal binario 9. The present tense: regular verbs.
2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt 2 pt 3 pt 4 pt 5 pt 1 pt Genres Types of Sentences.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.2B.3-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1A you learned the numbers 0–100. The chart below shows numbers above one hundred.
Of. and a to the in is you that it at be.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.5B.2-1 Punto di partenza Adverbs describe how, when, and where actions take place. They modify verbs, adjectives,
AP #11 Relative Pronouns. They introduce the subordinate clause – the part of the sentence that can not be alone. They usually are used to express That.
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