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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Lezione 1B, you learned how to form yes-or-no questions and questions with interrogative words. Here are the most commonly used interrogative words.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-2 In questions beginning with an interrogative word, the subject is usually placed at the end. Cosa comprate voi? What are you buying? Dove abita lingegnere? Where does the engineer live?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-3 When an interrogative is used with a preposition, the preposition must precede the interrogative. Con chi parla Beppe? With whom is Beppe talking? Da dove viene Mario? Where does Mario come from?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-4 Although quando? and a che ora? both express when?, quando? asks for a general time reference, while a che ora? indicates a specific time of day. Quando studiano? When (generally) do they study? A che ora parte il treno? (At) what time does the train leave?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-5 The interrogatives che, quale, and quanto can also be used as interrogative adjectives that modify nouns. Che is invariable, but quale and quanto/a must agree with the nouns they modify. Quale donna è tua madre? Which woman is your mother? Quanti cugini avete? How many cousins do you have?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-6 When followed by the verb è, the interrogatives come, dove, and che cosa drop the final vowel and add an apostrophe. Comè il tuo fidanzato? What is your boyfriend like? Dovè la proprietaria? Where is the owner?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-7 Use che cosè to ask for an explanation or definition and qual è to request specific information. Note that quale and qual è are not interchangeable. Che cosè la paleontologia? What is paleontology? Qual è il suo indirizzo? What is his address?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-8 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns Demonstratives indicate which of multiple items is being discussed. The adjectives questo ( this ) and quello ( that ) precede the nouns they modify. Questo has four regular endings, but the singular forms can be shortened to quest before a vowel. Note that quello follows the same pattern as bello.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-9 A che ora parte questo treno? At what time does this train leave? Chi è quelluomo? Who is that man?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-10 Demonstrative pronouns refer to a person or thing that has already been mentioned or whose identity is clear. They replace the noun to which they refer and agree with it in gender and number. The demonstrative pronouns are questo/a ( this one ), questi/e ( these ), quello/a ( that one ), and quelli/e ( those ). Quale libro preferisci: questo o quello? Which book do you prefer: this one or that one? Leggi questi libri o quelli? Are you reading these books or those?
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-11 The pronouns questo and quello can be used to refer to whole ideas or previously mentioned topics. Quello non è importante in questo momento. That isnt important right now. Questo è veramente interessante! This is really interesting!
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.2-12 1. ______________ studia Giulia alluniversità? Matematica? 2. ______________ stai oggi? 3. ______________ è lei? Tua sorella Anna? 4. ______________ è il tuo numero di telefono? 5. ______________ comincia la classe? Alle due? 6. ______________ costa il libro? 7. Qual è la tua macchina: questa o ______________? 8. Di chi è ______________ cane? Complete each question with the appropriate interrogative or demonstrative word or expression. Cosa/Che/Che cosa
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.8A.1-1 Punto di partenza Comparatives of equality (comparativi di uguaglianza) are used to indicate that two people,
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.1-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dovere (to have to/must; to owe), potere (to be able to/can), and volere (to.
5.4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc Sinceramente a me fa un po schifo. Adverbs.
Punto di partenza Adverbs describe how, when, and where actions take place. They modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Unlike adjectives, adverbs.
Punto di partenza In Italian, as in English, a verb is a word denoting an action or a state of being. The subject of a verb is the person or thing that.
As in English, numbers in Italian follow patterns.
Punto di partenza Adjectives are words that describe people, places, and things. In Italian, adjectives are often used with the verb essere to point out.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.11A.2-1 Punto di partenza With the exception of the imperative and the conditional, the Italian verb forms you.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.7B.2-1 Punto di partenza In Strutture 7B.1 you learned the informal imperative. Use the formal imperative to give.
Punto di partenza A reflexive verb “reflects” the action of the verb back to the subject. The infinitive form of reflexives ends with the reflexive pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3B.1-1 Punto di partenza You have already learned some descriptive adjectives in Lezione 1B, and in Lezione 3A.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.1B.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the verb essere with numbers to tell time.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 5A, you learned that a direct object answers the question what? or whom? An indirect object identifies to whom or for whom.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.6A.3-1 Punto di partenza Use the adverb ci to mean there or to replace certain prepositional phrases. Use the pronoun.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.3-1 Punto di partenza You are already familiar with Italian verbs that end in -are and -ere. The third class.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 1A you learned the numbers 0–100. The chart below shows numbers above one hundred. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.
Punto di partenza In Lezione 2A, you learned how to form the present tense of -are verbs by attaching different endings to the stem. Conjugate regular.
© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.4A.2-1 Punto di partenza The verbs dire (to say; to tell), uscire (to go out; to leave), and venire (to come) are.
Punto di partenza You have already learned some prepositions and prepositional contractions in Italian, such as di to show possession and alle when referring.
Punto di partenza Avere (To have) is an important and frequently used verb in Italian. Because it is an irregular verb, you will need to memorize its present.
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