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Definite Articles How to use Definite Articles in Italiano.

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Presentation on theme: "Definite Articles How to use Definite Articles in Italiano."— Presentation transcript:

1 Definite Articles How to use Definite Articles in Italiano.

2 What is a Definite Article? ~A Definite Article is the the before a noun. ~ Every noun has a specific definite article. ~Definite articles are decided by the gender and number of the noun. ~Every noun has a gender, masculine and feminine. The best way to decide the gender of a noun is by the last letter or the definite article. o & i = masculine a & e = feminine.

3 List of Definite Articles SingularPlural Masculine il-i lo-gli l-gli Feminine la-le l-le

4 When do you use each? Masculine Definite Articles (in the singular) il – used with masculine nouns beginning with a consonant. ex – il ragazzo, il professore lo – used with nouns beginning with z, s plus a consonant, ps, or gn. ex – lo studente, lo zero, lo psicologo l – is used with nouns, masculine or feminine, beginning with a vowel. ex – lamico, lorologio, lamica, luniversità

5 Making Masculine Articles Plural When the noun becomes plural, the article must change as well. il becomes i ex. i ragazzi, I professori lo becomes gli ex. gli studenti, gli zeri l (in the masculine) becomes gli ex. gli amici, gli orologi

6 When do you use each? Feminine Definite Articles (in the singular) la – used with the singular feminine nouns ex. La ragazza la scuola la casa l – used for both masculine and feminine for any noun starting with a vowel. ex – lamica, lisola

7 Making Feminine Articles Plural When making feminine articles plural, it is very simple. Both la and l become le when they are pluralized. la becomes le ex. Le ragazze, le scuole l becomes le ex. Le amiche, le isole

8 Adesso, è toca voi! Write in the definite article of each word. ____ orologio_____ bandiera ____ studenti_____ professoressa ____ cestino_____ bacheca ____ professore_____ amica ____ ragazzo_____ quaderni ____ banco_____ Signorina ____ libro_____ pianta

9 Gender of Nouns What is a noun? ~ a person, place or thing In Italiano, nouns are either Masculine or Feminine Masculine ~in the singular ends in o and becomes an i when it is pluralized. Feminine ~in the singular, usually ends in a and becomes an e when pluralized. *When a noun ends in an e in the singular it can be either masculine or feminine, and you need to memorize which ones are which.

10 Esempi dei nomi Examples of Nouns: il ragazzo = the boy~ i ragazzi = _________ la ragazza = the girl~ le ragazze = _______ il libro = the book~ i libri = ____________ la lavagna = the blackboard ~ le lavagne = _______


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