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© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-1 Punto di partenza In both English and Italian, possessives express ownership or possession.

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Presentation on theme: "© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-1 Punto di partenza In both English and Italian, possessives express ownership or possession."— Presentation transcript:

1 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-1 Punto di partenza In both English and Italian, possessives express ownership or possession.

2 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-2

3 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-3 In most cases, possessive adjectives precede the nouns they modify. Note that the definite article usually accompanies them. la nostra famigliai tuoi cuginiil mio cane our familyyour cousinsmy dog

4 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-4 Like other adjectives in Italian, possessive adjectives agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify. il mio pescela mia sorellastrai miei parenti my fishmy stepsistermy relatives

5 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-5 Il suo, la sua, i suoi, and le sue can mean his or her, depending on the context. Remember that the gender and number of both the adjective and the article match the gender and number of the object possessed, and not of the possessor. le sue ziei suoi figliil suo gatto his/her auntshis/her childrenhis/her cat

6 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-6 Do not use the definite article with singular, unmodified nouns denoting family members. mio padrevostra nonnanostra figlia my fatheryour grandmotherour daughter

7 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-7 However, use the definite article if a noun referring to a family member is plural or modified by an adjective or a suffix, such as -astro/a, -igno/a, or -ino/a. Use the definite article with affectionate terms such as mamma and papà as well. il mio suocero simpaticola tua sorellinala vostra mamma my nice father-in-lawyour little sisteryour mom

8 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-8 Loro is a special case. It is always accompanied by the definite article, and it never changes form, regardless of the gender and number of the noun it modifies. i loro cuginila loro ziale loro sorelle their cousinstheir aunttheir sisters

9 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-9 Use an indefinite article before the possessive adjective to express of mine, of yours, of his/hers, of ours, and of theirs. un mio gattouna sua ziauna nostra cugina a cat of minean aunt of hers/hisa cousin of ours

10 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-10 Possession with di English uses -s after a noun or name to express relationships or ownership. Italian uses di + [ noun or proper name ]. Di chi è il cane?È di mia madre.È di Stefano. Whose dog is it?Its my mothers.Its Stefanos.

11 © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc.3A.1-11 il mio/la mia 1. ______ libro 2. ______ compagne di classe 3. ______ quaderni il nostro/la nostra 10. ______ professoressa 11. ______ cugino 12. ______ zie il tuo/la tua 4. ______ cugini 5. ______ sorella 6. ______ pallone il vostro/la vostra 13. ______ cane 14. ______ zii 15. ______ madre il suo/la sua 7. ______ lettera 8. ______ sorelle 9. ______ cugini il/la loro 16. ______ gatti 17. ______ fratello 18. ______ mogli il mio Provide the appropriate singular or plural form of each possessive.


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