Presentation on theme: "Aim: How did Confucian philosophy help create Chinese civilization?"— Presentation transcript:
1Aim: How did Confucian philosophy help create Chinese civilization? Do Now: 1. Read Confucius and the Social Order2. Answer the questions that follow
2VocabularyConfucius- one of the most important thinkers in Chinese historyFilial Piety- respect for parents and eldersBureaucracy- a system of departments and agencies that run a government
3Pair-work Read Document #1: The life of Confucius & Document #2: The Teachings of ConfuciusDocument #3: CartoonAnswer Questions in complete sentences.
4Confucian Philosophy Helps to Create Chinese Civilization Confucius believed to maintain order the people would have to work at five basic relationships. With your group, analyze the following statements and determine whether or not you think these rules would help or hurt society.Complete A- E
5Notes Confucianism Origins 1. Founded in China (6th Century BC) by philosopher Confucius2. Civil War raged throughout China during Confucius life. His goal was to restore peace and order in China3. Confucian teachings are contained in the book Analects. It was China’s official philosophy for over 2,000 years.
6Notes (Continued) B. Major Principles 1. In order to restore order, Confucius established Five Relationships that must be followed:a. Children must obey their parents; younger brothers must obey older brothersb. Lower class (poorer) people must obey higher class (richer) peoplec. The ruler must be obeyed as long as he is honest and goodd. The wife must obey the husbande. Members of the community must treat each other with respect
7HomeworkEvaluate: Would you consider Confucianism a belief system or a political system? Justify your answers with evidence from the documents.1- Paragraph
8Aim: How do Daoist and Legalist views differ? Do Now: Read “Land of Disharmony”Answer the following question:According to the author, why is there disharmony in the world?
9What is Taoism (Daoism)? As a class, let’s read “Origins of Taoism”Answer Questions 1 &2With your partner, alternate reading Document #2: The Yin & Yang and Document #3 The Teaching of LaoziAnswer Questions in complete sentences
10Summary Which of the following ideas would a Taoist believe in? Put “A” for agree and “D” for disagree next to each idea and explain why in the space below.
11How did Daoist and Legalist Views Differ? Read Taoism and LegalismHow did the Daoists and Legalists view the idea of human nature (instincts)?Regarding, contrast the ideas of the Daoists with the Legalists.Define: TaoDefine: AlchemyIf you had to choose, would you rather be a Daoist or a Legalist?
12Notes Taoism (Daoism) Founder: Lao-Tzu 6th Century BC Teaches the necessity of the individual’s having a sense of nature, understanding his/her part in it and adapting to it.Accept the Natural Order and live in harmony with it.Human instincts are good, it is learning and custom that have taught them to be bad.Once people rid themselves of unnatural laws and customs, they find the Tao (or way) of the universe
13Notes (Continued) II. Legalism A. Legalists assumed that human nature was evil and that the people must be restricted by laws.B. Believed that through harsh punishments people would be forced to obey these laws.C. A strong central government was essential to maintain peace and orderD. The ruler should be an unquestioned authority
14Aim: How do Shintoism and Animism shape people’s view of nature? Do Now: Copy into your Notebooks!Quiz Tomorrow on Belief Systems/Religions**You must all bring all your notes on Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, Shintoism, and Animism
15Animism Working with a partner, read the documents. Answer the questions that follow
16Board Notes: Fill in Monotheism-belief in one God Polytheism-belief in many GodsAnimism-the belief that every living and non-living thing has a spiritAncestral Veneration-the belief that spirits are in ancestors and they must be worshipped ands respected.I Traditional patterns of African lifeA) Social-1. Family was important-people lived with both a nuclear family and joint family in tight knit communities2. Families belonged to lineagesB) Political-shared power, often overseen by chiefs or village eldersC) Economic- (how people make a living?)1. Hunting and gathering2. Mostly agriculturalD) Religion- animism
17II. Beliefs of AnimismA single god created all living thingsThe spirit of god is everywhere at all times (omnipresence)All people have a personalized god called a ChiAncestral worship and fearBelieved that vengeful ancestors cause much of the problems in the worldExamples, floods, faminesSacrifices are performed to please ancestorsIIIReligion Nature Livelihood
18Shintoism Read Introduction Vocabulary: Clans- groups of people descended from a common ancestorShinto- way of the godsKami- divine spirits found in all living and non living things
19Board notes: Shintoism I. ShintoismA. Shintoism is a religion unique to JapanIts native religion in ancient timesDeveloped out of the worship of natureB. Kami1. Shintoism taught Kamia. spirits or godsb. found throughout nature1. Mountains2. Rivers3. Rocks4. Wind and storms
20c. Beliefs1. No sacred books2. no specific codes of belief3. Emperors claim to be descendants of the Sun goddessa. head of the Shinto religion4. 19th Centurya. emperor- worship was introducedb. Shinto was made into the official state of religion
22Aim: How can we compare and contrast the various belief systems we have studied thus far? Do Now: Take out a PenGet ready for the Quiz!
23Take out your notesComplete the graphic organizer by filling in the following categories for each of the belief systemsGeography-Where is it?/ LocationFounder/ Key PeopleBook/Sacred TextMajor Beliefs / LawsVocabulary (Key Terms)
24Graphic Organizer Animism Confucian- ism Daoism Hinduism Buddhism BeliefSystem/ReligionGeography Where is it?-LocationFounder/Key peopleBook/Sacred TextMajor Beliefs/LawsVocabularyAnimismConfucian-ismDaoismHinduismBuddhism*Shintoism*Legalism
25Test: Next Week on Belief Systems & Religion Part I: Tuesday Multiple ChoicePart II: Wednesday Thematic Essay on Religion