Presentation on theme: "Aim: How did Confucian philosophy help create Chinese civilization? Do Now: 1. Read Confucius and the Social Order 2. Answer the questions that follow."— Presentation transcript:
Aim: How did Confucian philosophy help create Chinese civilization? Do Now: 1. Read Confucius and the Social Order 2. Answer the questions that follow
Vocabulary Confucius- one of the most important thinkers in Chinese history Filial Piety- respect for parents and elders Bureaucracy- a system of departments and agencies that run a government
Pair-work Read Document #1: The life of Confucius & Document #2: The Teachings of Confucius Document #3: Cartoon Answer Questions in complete sentences.
Confucian Philosophy Helps to Create Chinese Civilization Confucius believed to maintain order the people would have to work at five basic relationships. With your group, analyze the following statements and determine whether or not you think these rules would help or hurt society. Complete A- E
Notes Confucianism A.Origins 1. Founded in China (6 th Century BC) by philosopher Confucius 2. Civil War raged throughout China during Confucius life. His goal was to restore peace and order in China 3. Confucian teachings are contained in the book Analects. It was China’s official philosophy for over 2,000 years.
Notes (Continued) B. Major Principles 1. In order to restore order, Confucius established Five Relationships that must be followed: a. Children must obey their parents; younger brothers must obey older brothers b. Lower class (poorer) people must obey higher class (richer) people c. The ruler must be obeyed as long as he is honest and good d. The wife must obey the husband e. Members of the community must treat each other with respect
Homework Evaluate: Would you consider Confucianism a belief system or a political system? Justify your answers with evidence from the documents. 1- Paragraph
Aim: How do Daoist and Legalist views differ? Do Now: Read “Land of Disharmony” Answer the following question: According to the author, why is there disharmony in the world?
What is Taoism (Daoism)? As a class, let’s read “Origins of Taoism” Answer Questions 1 &2 With your partner, alternate reading Document #2: The Yin & Yang and Document #3 The Teaching of Laozi Answer Questions in complete sentences
Summary Which of the following ideas would a Taoist believe in? Put “A” for agree and “D” for disagree next to each idea and explain why in the space below.
How did Daoist and Legalist Views Differ? Read Taoism and Legalism 1.How did the Daoists and Legalists view the idea of human nature (instincts)? 2.Regarding, contrast the ideas of the Daoists with the Legalists. 3.Define: Tao 4.Define: Alchemy 5.If you had to choose, would you rather be a Daoist or a Legalist?
Notes I.Taoism (Daoism) A.Founder: Lao-Tzu 6 th Century BC B.Teaches the necessity of the individual’s having a sense of nature, understanding his/her part in it and adapting to it. C.Accept the Natural Order and live in harmony with it. D.Human instincts are good, it is learning and custom that have taught them to be bad. E.Once people rid themselves of unnatural laws and customs, they find the Tao (or way) of the universe
Notes (Continued) II. Legalism A. Legalists assumed that human nature was evil and that the people must be restricted by laws. B. Believed that through harsh punishments people would be forced to obey these laws. C. A strong central government was essential to maintain peace and order D. The ruler should be an unquestioned authority
Aim: How do Shintoism and Animism shape people’s view of nature? Do Now: Copy into your Notebooks! Quiz Tomorrow on Belief Systems/Religions **You must all bring all your notes on Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, Shintoism, and Animism
Animism Working with a partner, read the documents. Answer the questions that follow
Board Notes: Fill in Monotheism-belief in one God Polytheism-belief in many Gods Animism-the belief that every living and non-living thing has a spirit Ancestral Veneration-the belief that spirits are in ancestors and they must be worshipped ands respected. I Traditional patterns of African life A) Social- 1. Family was important-people lived with both a nuclear family and joint family in tight knit communities 2. Families belonged to lineages B) Political-shared power, often overseen by chiefs or village elders C) Economic- (how people make a living?) 1. Hunting and gathering 2. Mostly agricultural D) Religion- animism
II. Beliefs of Animism A single god created all living things The spirit of god is everywhere at all times (omnipresence) All people have a personalized god called a Chi Ancestral worship and fear Believed that vengeful ancestors cause much of the problems in the world Examples, floods, famines Sacrifices are performed to please ancestors III Religion Nature Livelihood
Shintoism Read Introduction Vocabulary: Clans- groups of people descended from a common ancestor Shinto- way of the gods Kami- divine spirits found in all living and non living things
Board notes: Shintoism I. Shintoism A. Shintoism is a religion unique to Japan 1.Its native religion in ancient times 2.Developed out of the worship of nature B. Kami 1. Shintoism taught Kami a. spirits or gods b. found throughout nature 1. Mountains 2. Rivers 3. Rocks 4. Wind and storms
c. Beliefs 1. No sacred books 2. no specific codes of belief 3. Emperors claim to be descendants of the Sun goddess a. head of the Shinto religion th Century a. emperor- worship was introduced b. Shinto was made into the official state of religion
Homework Quiz Tomorrow Handout on Shintoism
Aim: How can we compare and contrast the various belief systems we have studied thus far? Do Now: Take out a Pen Get ready for the Quiz!
Take out your notes Complete the graphic organizer by filling in the following categories for each of the belief systems Geography-Where is it?/ Location Founder/ Key People Book/Sacred Text Major Beliefs / Laws Vocabulary (Key Terms)
Graphic Organizer Belief System/ Religion Geography Where is it?- Location Founder/ Key people Book/ Sacred Text Major Beliefs/ Laws Vocabulary Animism Confucian- ism Daoism Hinduism Buddhism *Shintoism *Legalism
Test: Next Week on Belief Systems & Religion Part I: Tuesday Multiple Choice Part II: Wednesday Thematic Essay on Religion