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The Religions of Southern and Eastern Asia

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1 The Religions of Southern and Eastern Asia
Buddhism. Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, and the philosophy of Confucianism SS7G12 b

2 Lets Review First SS7G12a What is the difference between an ethnic group and religious group? Ethnic Groups share common cultural ideas and beliefs and has been a part of their community for generations Religious Groups share a belief system in a god or gods with specific set of rituals and literature


4 Buddhism Originated in India and spread quickly
The 4th largest religion in the world Siddhartha Gautama became the Buddha or “enlightened one” after spending time pondering the ways of life He traveled all over India to share his newfound enlightenment with others and developed a following devoted to his teachings Buddhists do not believe in a god, but rather follow the teachings of Buddha

5 Basic Ideas of Buddhism
The four Noble Truths are the basic instructions of Buddhism that teach that suffering exists in the world and humans must reach the enlightenment of Buddha to rise above them Tripitaka- - Holy Book of Buddha’s teachings Buddhists do not worship a god but rather Buddha by thanking him for his teachings

6 Basic Ideas of Buddhism
Nirvana is the ultimate goal of Buddhists- It is a state of enlightenment where one can have happiness and peace. It is often found through meditation Buddhists believe in reincarnation, a cycle of birth and rebirth, where one’s present life determines what one becomes in the next life


8 Hinduism Largely practiced in India where over 80% of Indians claim to be Hindu Hinduism does not come from the teachings of one man. Hindus believe in many gods and goddesses who are images of a single god.

9 Basic Ideas of Hinduism
Each person’s karma, or good or bad behavior, determines his or her position in life The ultimate goal of Hindus is to achieve moksha, which is freedom from the cycle of reincarnation. There is not one text the Hindus consider sacred, rather there are many texts like the Vedas that teach Hindus proper behavior

10 Basic Ideas of Hinduism
Hindus live by a caste system that divides people into classes


12 Islam We have studied this already in great detail
It is a religion found in this region- Southern and Eastern Asia


14 Shintoism A religion unique to Japan
Unlike other religions, it has not spread to other parts of the world Based on a traditional Japanese teaching that everything in nature consists of kami, or the spirit of gods.

15 Basic Ideas of Shintoism
Shintoists are expected to be reverent to nature, life, and birth Physical purity is more important than moral impurity Many Shintoists build shrines and worship their ancestors who they believe became kami when they died Since Shinto offers no ideas of moral code or one God, many people who practice Shinto also practice another religion such as Buddhism


17 Philosophy of Confucianism
Is not a religion but a philosophy that is often said to be the foundation of modern Chinese culture. Confucius- founder of the ideas of Confucianism He believed he knew how to bring peace to ancient China He created a moral structure for social life and politics that every person should follow GOLDEN RULE Confucianism is based on tradition and does not teach about one ruling God

18 Basic Ideas of Confucianism
Each person has a place in society and they must accept their positions so that society can function well China’s rulers are to be respected by the people as long as they are fair and care for the people Family relationships are essential to having a good society and family respect was the foundation of all ethics

19 Basic Ideas of Confucianism
There are five basic types of relationships where one must understand their role of being superior or inferior. They are: ruler and subject father and son husband and wife older brother and younger brother friend and friend

20 The Religion Chart

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