Presentation on theme: "Analyze the political and religious causes of the English Civil War Analyze the mistakes of Charles I that spark the war Identify the enemies in the English."— Presentation transcript:
Analyze the political and religious causes of the English Civil War Analyze the mistakes of Charles I that spark the war Identify the enemies in the English Civil War Analyze the political and religious effects of the end of the Civil War
Charles I’s son “Restoration” 1660-1685 = “eh” Anglican Church forced on the English Dissolves Parliament from 1681-1685
King Charles II gives amnesty to Puritans who killed his dad But 4 executed for Regicide, including Cromwell…
What is Parliament’s fear w/Charles II and JAMES II? –Catholic Dynasty retakes the throne…. Many acts –Declaration of Indulgence –Test Act –Exclusion Crisis
Lil bro to Charles II Dissolves Parliament!! Parliament’s biggest fear with James II? –Open CATHOLIC Puts Catholics in high positions
James = Old Man Next English Monarch is PROTESTANT Mary… –daughter of James II and his first wife Problem = James marries 15 y/o Italian Mary of Modena and wants more kids with his 2 nd CATHOLIC wife
James II’s Catholic wife has a son…who is now… –heir to throne!!!! –Not Protestant Mary What will Parliament do?
William & Mary allowed to invade England in 1688-89 James II flees to France
Parliament declares throne vacant –Crown then offered to William and Mary in 1689…but what do they have to do? –Deal made with Parliament
W & M must recognize… –English Bill of Rights (1689) Who wins? –Parliament!!!
In England, who gives the monarch consent to rule?In England, who gives the monarch consent to rule? –Parliament! It showed it can hire and fire a king!!!It showed it can hire and fire a king!!! Divine Right theory of kingship is squashed in EnglandDivine Right theory of kingship is squashed in England Who has more power now?Who has more power now? –Parliament!!!!
Creates what form of gov?? –Constitutional (Limited) Monarchy –Gov where Constitution or legislative body (Parliament) limits a monarch’s power
Parliament independently shares power with the monarchyParliament independently shares power with the monarchy Parliament must meet at least every 3 YearsParliament must meet at least every 3 Years Parliament…Parliament… –Makes laws –Levies taxes Monarchy cannot…Monarchy cannot… –raise standing army w/o consent of Parliament –levy taxes w/o consent of Parliament Parliamentary seats and debates = Free from Royal interferenceParliamentary seats and debates = Free from Royal interference Catholics eventually banned from the throneCatholics eventually banned from the throne
Petition the Gov Keep arms Trial by Jury No excessive fines or cruel and unusual punishment Writ of habeas corpus – can’t be held in prison without being charged with specific crime
Religious Freedom extended only to… –Protestants Catholics excluded Religious persecution over in England
From 1540 to 1680, England goes from ________________ to ________________ or ________________ England = 1 st Western European country to follow this story. Others will follow…