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Absolutism in England. Background When Queen Elizabeth dies, there is no heir to the English throne When Queen Elizabeth dies, there is no heir to the.

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Presentation on theme: "Absolutism in England. Background When Queen Elizabeth dies, there is no heir to the English throne When Queen Elizabeth dies, there is no heir to the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Absolutism in England

2 Background When Queen Elizabeth dies, there is no heir to the English throne When Queen Elizabeth dies, there is no heir to the English throne Throne must go to a Stuart cousin from Scotland Throne must go to a Stuart cousin from Scotland

3 James I James I takes the English throne James I takes the English throne Agrees to rule according to English rules & customs Agrees to rule according to English rules & customs Believes in divine right Believes in divine right Must deal with dissenters Must deal with dissenters Bible is translated into King James Version (still exists today) Bible is translated into King James Version (still exists today)

4 Charles I Takes throne after death of his father, James I Takes throne after death of his father, James I Absolute monarch Absolute monarch Parliament wants him to sign the Petition of Right Parliament wants him to sign the Petition of Right This petition prohibited the king from raising taxes without the consent of Parliament This petition prohibited the king from raising taxes without the consent of Parliament Prohibited imprisonment without just cause Prohibited imprisonment without just cause

5 Charles I contd. Charles signs the petition, but dissolves Parliament Charles signs the petition, but dissolves Parliament Ruled for 11 years without calling parliament into session Ruled for 11 years without calling parliament into session Eventually, Charles I needs money Eventually, Charles I needs money

6 Parliament & Charles I Parliament reconvenes and tries and executes the Kings Chief Administrators Parliament reconvenes and tries and executes the Kings Chief Administrators Abolish bishops in the Church of England Abolish bishops in the Church of England Charles sends troops to the House of Commons to arrest members Charles sends troops to the House of Commons to arrest members Parliament members escape & raise their own army Parliament members escape & raise their own army

7 English Civil War Cavaliers Cavaliers Support King Charles Support King Charles Are wealthy nobles Are wealthy nobles Trained in warfare Trained in warfare

8 English Civil War Roundheads Roundheads Hair cut in a bowl cut Hair cut in a bowl cut Country folk Country folk Mostly Puritan Mostly Puritan Lead by Oliver Cromwell Lead by Oliver Cromwell

9 English Civil War The Roundheads defeat the Cavaliers The Roundheads defeat the Cavaliers King Charles I is executed King Charles I is executed This is the First time that a monarch in Europe has been executed by its own people. This is the First time that a monarch in Europe has been executed by its own people.

10 England without a king House of Commons names England a Commonwealth under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell House of Commons names England a Commonwealth under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell Abolishes monarchy Abolishes monarchy Abolishes the House of Lords Abolishes the House of Lords Abolishes the official Church of England Abolishes the official Church of England

11 England under Cromwell Supporters of Charles I start rebellions in Ireland Supporters of Charles I start rebellions in Ireland Cromwell puts down rebellion & enforces strict rules on Catholics Cromwell puts down rebellion & enforces strict rules on Catholics Cromwell welcomes Jews back into England after 350 years of exile Cromwell welcomes Jews back into England after 350 years of exile

12 Puritan beliefs Parliament enforces strict laws that reflect Puritan beliefs Parliament enforces strict laws that reflect Puritan beliefs Laws passed that closed theatres & pubs Laws passed that closed theatres & pubs But, the Puritans did promote literacy But, the Puritans did promote literacy Wanted all Christians to be able to read the Bible Wanted all Christians to be able to read the Bible

13 Cromwell dies The time of Oliver Cromwell is referred to as the Kingless Decade The time of Oliver Cromwell is referred to as the Kingless Decade Puritans lose their influence in England Puritans lose their influence in England People tired of the strictness People tired of the strictness

14 The Restoration After Cromwell dies, Parliament lets Charles II take the throne After Cromwell dies, Parliament lets Charles II take the throne Charles II reopens theatres and taverns Charles II reopens theatres and taverns Has a court like Louis XIV Has a court like Louis XIV

15 Charles II contd. Restores the Church of England Restores the Church of England Tolerant of other Protestants Tolerant of other Protestants Held the same attitudes of his father about the Catholic Church and divine right, but was smart enough not to show it Held the same attitudes of his father about the Catholic Church and divine right, but was smart enough not to show it

16 James II Inherits throne after Charles II dies Inherits throne after Charles II dies James II flaunts his Catholic faith James II flaunts his Catholic faith People fear that he will restore the Catholic Church in England People fear that he will restore the Catholic Church in England

17 The Glorious Revolution Parliament invites James daughter Mary & her husband to come to England and take the throne Parliament invites James daughter Mary & her husband to come to England and take the throne When William & Mary come to England, James II flees to france When William & Mary come to England, James II flees to france This bloodless overthrow of a King is called the Glorious Revolution This bloodless overthrow of a King is called the Glorious Revolution

18 English Bill of Rights William & Mary had to accept or could not rule William & Mary had to accept or could not rule Stated that Parliament must be called regularly Stated that Parliament must be called regularly The House of Commons controlled the money The House of Commons controlled the money Barred Roman Catholics from being on the throne Barred Roman Catholics from being on the throne Restated traditional rights of English citizens Restated traditional rights of English citizens Trial by jury Trial by jury Habeas corpus- to be held in prison must be first charged with crime Habeas corpus- to be held in prison must be first charged with crime

19 Absolutism in England With William and Marys acceptance of the English Bill of Rights, this began Englands limited monarchy With William and Marys acceptance of the English Bill of Rights, this began Englands limited monarchy


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