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Mr. Mizell.  King Charles I believes in absolutism  Charles hates Parliament except when he needs them to raise money  Charles allowed Catholic rituals.

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Presentation on theme: "Mr. Mizell.  King Charles I believes in absolutism  Charles hates Parliament except when he needs them to raise money  Charles allowed Catholic rituals."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mr. Mizell

2

3  King Charles I believes in absolutism  Charles hates Parliament except when he needs them to raise money  Charles allowed Catholic rituals to continue and married a Catholic  Puritans control Parliament  Not sign Petition of Rights (1628)

4  Says…  Cannot imprison someone without due cause  Cannot tax without consent from Parliament  Cannot keep soldiers in people’s houses or use military to maintain order in peacetime

5  Charles calls Parliament back after 11 years to raise money  Needs money to raise an army to put down rebellions in Scotland  Parliament seeks to limit his authority  Charles tries to arrest some of them and dissolves Parliament again  Civil War breaks out: Parliamentarians vs Royalists

6  Money  Religion  Parliament

7  Trial and execution of King Charles  Parliament becomes corrupt and Cromwell dissolves Parliament and rules as “Lord Protector” of England  Pass laws to make society moral (Puritan)

8 Mr. Mizell

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10  Cromwell dies and Charles II is crowned king  He does not become an absolute monarchy  Works with Parliament and rules with their consent 

11  Habeas Corpus is passed  People have the right to trial after an arrest  Cannot simply be arrested and jailed  Church of England is strengthened by Parliament  Only Protestants could serve in Parliament

12  He is Catholic and appoints Catholics to high office (illegal)  Dissolves Parliament when they disagreed  England becomes fearful of a line of Catholic kings

13  Parliament wants William and Mary (daughter of James II) to overthrow the King  They were Protestants  Marched on London and King James fled to France because of little support  Bloodless overthrow of the King

14  Passage of English Bill of Rights  Recognized Parliament as their Partner in governing.  No suspending of Parliament’s Laws  No taxes w/o consent from Parliament

15  Monarch needs consent from Parliament  Monarchy’s power is limited  More power/freedom to the people

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17 In your own words explain how England changed from the period before the Civil War to after the Restoration and Revolution. Also, explain if any Enlightenment ideas can be found in England at this time.


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