2An English Political Heritage Colonists came from everywhere, but most came from England.English traditions of governmentLimited governmentRepresentative government
3Magna Carta King John forced to sign in 1215 King’s powers were limited.No unjust punishmentNo loss of life, liberty or property without “due process of law”Could not levy some taxes without consent of people (great nobles)
4Petition of Right Charles I became king in 1625. Dissolved Parliament Used private homes for troopsImposed martial lawRan out of money and had to recall ParliamentParliament forced Charles I to sign Petition of Right in 1628.
5Petition of Right King could no longer Collect taxes without Parliament’s consent.Imprison people without just cause.House troops in private homes without permission.Declare martial law unless the country was at war.
6Petition of RightThe Big ChangeKing had to get permission from an elected Parliament, not just from the great nobles.
8The Glorious Revolution 1688 English Civil WarBeheaded Charles ICharles II exiled to FranceAfter Cromwell died, Charles II “restored”James II became kingThe Glorious Revolution 1688James II removed and exiled William and Mary invited to be rulers But they signed English Bill of Rights
9English Bill of Rights Monarchs do not have divine right to rule. They rule with the consent of the people’s representatives in Parliament.Parliament must agree to suspend laws, levy taxes or maintain an army.King cannot interfere with elections and debates.Right to fair and speedy trial by jury of peers.No cruel or unusual punishments.No excessive fines or bail.
10English Bill of RightsWhy should we careabout all this?
11English Bill of RightsEnglish Bill of Rights applied to colonists also.One cause of the American Revolution was that the colonists felt that they were being deprived of their rights as promised in the English Bill of Rights.The Point of All This Is
17Early Written Constitutions Basic principles found in all colonial constitutions:Natural rightsConsent of the governedLimited governmentRepresentative governmentSeparation of powers
18Early Written Constitutions Echoes of PhilosophersBasic principles found in all colonial constitutions:Natural rightsConsent of the governedLimited governmentRepresentative governmentSeparation of powers
19Early Written Constitutions LockeEchoes of PhilosophersBasic principles found in all colonial constitutions:Natural rightsConsent of the governedLimited governmentRepresentative governmentSeparation of powersHobbesMontesquieu