Presentation on theme: " Today you need: book, new entry task paper with MLA heading, pen/pencil (If you have not turned in your last group of entry tasks, staple them and."— Presentation transcript:
Today you need: book, new entry task paper with MLA heading, pen/pencil (If you have not turned in your last group of entry tasks, staple them and turn them in now!) Use the glossary in your book to define the following terms: Divine right Absolute monarch Glorious revolution Then, answer the following question: Why did absolute monarchs believe that they were justified in exercising absolute power?
Setting the Stage for Revolution: Absolute Monarchies and Revolution in England
PATHWAY TO REVOLUTION Elizabeth I (1558 – 1603) Absolute ruler of England Elizabeth I Kept Parliament on her side Stabilized the nation and expanded British territory Died without an heir Left Britain in debt
PATHWAY TO REVOLUTION
JAMES I 1603 – 1625 James VI of Scotland James VI of Scotland Became James I of England when Elizabeth I died Believed in Divine Right of Kings, “Kings are called gods because they sit upon God’s throne on earth.” Struggled with Parliament over money, hated being told what to do King James Bible No other Puritan Reforms
CHARLES I Charles I of England (son of James I) Charles I of England Absolute monarch - put his enemies in prison without trial Always wanted $$ for wars Dissolved Parliament when he didn’t get his way English Civil War between supporters of Charles and supporters of Parliament led by Oliver CromwellEnglish Civil War
No imprisonment without due cause No taxation without parliament’s consent No putting soldiers in private homes No martial law during peacetime Charles I signed the petition and then ignored it – even dissolved parliament again and added more taxes on the people Idea that the law was higher than the king (wow!!) What does this contradict?
Charles wanted one religion in England and Scotland Supporters of Charles: Royalists or Cavaliers Supporters of Oliver Cromwell: Roundheads Parliament and Charles at odds 1647: Puritans under Cromwell held Charles prisoner 1649: sentenced to death First ever public execution of a reigning monarch
OLIVER CROMWELL Oliver Cromwell: abolished monarchy and House of Lords Oliver Cromwell Tried republican form of government but…. Became military dictator Puritan Morality – theaters closed, abolished sporting events and dancing, Sunday set aside for worship Exiled Catholics to Ireland Religious freedom for everyone except Catholics Died in 1658
CHARLES II THE RESTORATION Charles II - Popular ruler Charles II Monarchy restored = RestorationRestoration Respected the wishes of Parliament Restored the Church of England Stabilized government Habeas Corpus Prisoners must know charges against them Cannot be held indefinitely without a trial No heir to rule England… Protestants afraid of his Catholic brother James
JAMES II James II - Absolute Ruler James II Didn’t get along with Parliament Added to the growing debt Offended his subjects by being openly Catholic His wife had a son…Protestants scared of a line of Catholic kings Forced from throne in what came to be called the Glorious Revolution
GLORIOUS REVOLUTION, 1685 James had an older daughter, Mary Mary was married to William of Orange, a prince of the Netherlands Members of Parliament invited William and Mary to overthrow James for the sake of Protestantism William and his army entered London, James fled to France Glorious Revolution: bloodless overthrow of King James II
WILLIAM and MARY – 1689 Agreed to recognize Parliament as partner in governing Constitutional Monarchy: laws limit the rulers power Bill of Rights No suspending of Parliament’s laws No taxes without a specific grant from Parliament No interfering with freedom of speech in Parliament No penalty for a citizen who petitions the king about grievances Cabinet system: link between the monarch and the majority party in Parliament Still used in English government today!
What should we remember about the Glorious Revolution? Queen Elizabeth I: (death) Following Elizabeth’s rule of 45 years, 86 years with 7 different rulers with different levels of authority Constant shifts between Protestant and Catholic power Too much absolutism leads to revolution From absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy Still the model of government today
CYOA assignment Choose a different option than you did last time! Paragraph Shrinks – all paragraphs Section Assessment – p. 183 (all except #9) Timeline of Events – at least 5 events Acrostic Poem – more than one word Txt Msg Summ – at least 2 events with explanations Cartoon Strip – at least 4 boxes Guided Reading Worksheet – copy diagram and complete notes and term definitions on your own paragraph If you finish early, choose a second option to work on We will work until 15 min before class ends