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  What happened to Charles I?  1649 – Beheaded  Who ruled after Charles I?  Oliver Cromwell Bell Ringer.

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Presentation on theme: "  What happened to Charles I?  1649 – Beheaded  Who ruled after Charles I?  Oliver Cromwell Bell Ringer."— Presentation transcript:

1   What happened to Charles I?  1649 – Beheaded  Who ruled after Charles I?  Oliver Cromwell Bell Ringer

2   Charles II  - Habeas Corpus  James II  - Glorious Revolution  William and Mary  English Bill of Rights  Compare: Petition of Right, English Bill of Rights, U.S. Bill of Rights  Video: Hopefully??????? Agenda/Objectives

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4   1660 took the throne.  His rule was called the Restoration – restored the monarchy.  Also restored:  - Theater  - Sporting events  - dancing  Comedy flourished under his rule. Charles II

5   Parliament passed an importance of guarantees called Habeas Corpus.  law that gave each prisoner the right to be brought before a judge.  Monarchs could not imprison any one without reason.  Prisoners could not be held indefinitely. Charles II

6   No kids = no heirs  Parliament decided on his brother James.  James II - Catholic  Tories – Supported James  Whigs – Opposed James Who should inherit Charles’s throne?

7   1685 took the throne.  Flaunted his Catholicism.  Violated English law by appointing Catholics to office.  Parliament protested, James dissolved it. James II

8   Daughter Mary – Protestant  Newly born son – Catholic  Protestants feared a lineage of Catholic kings.  Mary was married to William of Orange.  William invaded London in  James fled to France and nobody died. James II

9   Bloodless overthrow of King James II is called the Glorious Revolution. Glorious Revolution

10   Recognized Parliament as their partner in governing.  Absolute Monarchy = Constitutional Monarchy  - Laws limited the ruler’s power. William and Mary

11   1689 A ruler could no do:  - No suspending of Parliament’s laws.  - No levying of taxes without a specific grant from Parliament.  - No interfering with freedom of speech in Parliament.  - No penalty for a citizen who petitions the king about grievances.  William and Mary consented to this document. English Bill of Rights

12   Monarch could not rule without Parliaments consent.  Parliament could not govern with Monarch consent.  1700s: Cabinet – a group of government ministers acted in the ruler’s name. Reality represented the majority of Parliament.  Today – Head of cabinet is called the Prime minister and majority party in Parliament heads the cabinet. Cabinet system develops

13   You will be given a worksheet with:  - Petition of Right  - English Bill of Rights  - U.S. Bill of Rights  Use the two English documents and compare them to the U.S. Bill of Rights. Write two paragraphs describing how these documents influence our document. Compare

14   You will be provided with a worksheet that has all the English rulers in your notes. Using your notes follow along the worksheet. Worksheet


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