Presentation on theme: "Background to Herodotus and Thucydides"— Presentation transcript:
1 Background to Herodotus and Thucydides The Greek WorldBackground to Herodotus and Thucydides
2 The Early Greek World The Rise of the Polis 1000-600 BC Collapse of the Bronze Age MonarchiesAge of the BasileisThe Hoplite RevolutionTrade and Colonization BCThe Revival of Trade in the Tenth Century BCPhoenician ColoniesGreek Colonization
3 Trade Routes in Antiquity There were three main trade routes connecting Britain with the Mediterranean. The western route carried goods by sea from southwestern Britain to southern Spain, in particular the Guadalquivar valley. From there, goods passed through the straits of Gibraltar into the western Mediterranean. An alternative route cut through southern Gaul, passing up the Garonne river over Narbonne to the Mediterranean. An eastern route led from eastern Britain to the mouth of the Rhine. Goods traveled up the Rhine and then crossed over to the Rhone river around Basel. Three trade routes crossed through the Alpine passes, connecting northern Europe with the Po valley and the head of the Adriatic Sea. In eastern Europe, the amber road connected the Danube and Black Sea with the Baltic. In the far east, caravan routes connected the Tigris and Euphrates valleys with the Mediterranean through northern Syria.
4 Colonial Expansion, 800-500 BC MassaliaCadizCarthage
7 Greece and Persia Development of Athenian Democracy First Persian War Solon’s Reforms ca. 590Peisistratid TyrannyCleisthenes’ Reforms ca. 500First Persian WarCyrus the GreatFurther Expansion under DariusIonian Rebellion, 500Marathon 490Second Persian WarXerxesThermopylae 480Salamis 480
9 Rise of the Athenian Empire Delian League 477Leadership of ThemistoklesLeadership of CimonConflicts with Sparta and PersiaConstruction of Long WallsAthenian Expedition to Egypt 456League Treasury moved to Athens 454Cypriot Expedition and Peace with PersiaCreation of Empire 44830-years’ Peace with Sparta 445Dominance of Pericles