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The Greek World Background to Herodotus and Thucydides.

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Presentation on theme: "The Greek World Background to Herodotus and Thucydides."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Greek World Background to Herodotus and Thucydides

2 The Early Greek World The Rise of the Polis BC Collapse of the Bronze Age Monarchies Age of the Basileis The Hoplite Revolution Trade and Colonization BC The Revival of Trade in the Tenth Century BC Phoenician Colonies Greek Colonization

3 Trade Routes in Antiquity

4 Colonial Expansion, BC Carthage Cadiz Massalia

5 Cultural Impact I

6 Cultural Impact II

7 Greece and Persia Development of Athenian Democracy Solon’s Reforms ca. 590 Peisistratid Tyranny Cleisthenes’ Reforms ca. 500 First Persian War Cyrus the Great Further Expansion under Darius Ionian Rebellion, 500 Marathon 490 Second Persian War Xerxes Thermopylae 480 Salamis 480

8 Persian Expansion

9 Rise of the Athenian Empire Delian League 477 Leadership of Themistokles Leadership of Cimon Conflicts with Sparta and Persia Construction of Long Walls Athenian Expedition to Egypt 456 League Treasury moved to Athens 454 Cypriot Expedition and Peace with Persia Creation of Empire years’ Peace with Sparta 445 Dominance of Pericles

10 Athens and Sparta Sparta Athens Persian Empire

11 Athenian Expansion, BC Carthage Syracuse Athens Persian Empire


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