Presentation on theme: "GREECE TIME LINE Name: _______________________ Period: ________________ Persian Wars 500 BC King Darius Son: Xerxes Solon Cleisthenes Pericles Marathon."— Presentation transcript:
GREECE TIME LINE Name: _______________________ Period: ________________ Persian Wars 500 BC King Darius Son: Xerxes Solon Cleisthenes Pericles Marathon Thermopylae Salamis Golden Age of Pericles Socrates Plato Aristotle Peloponnesian War 431 BC Sparta Wins Alexander the Great 331 BC Hellenistic Age 323 BC
GREECE TIME LINE Please fill in the boxes with the correct information from your Greek Timeline. You will receive one point for each box filled in correctly King Darius
MONARCHY: Absolute rule by one single ruler King or Queen Evolution of Greek Government… ARISTOCRACY: Ruled by the landowning elite. OLIGARCHY Middle class of wealthy merchants Hands of a few usually business men
DEMOCRACY Government by the people. Limited: Only MEN Solon: Made needed reforms (abolished debt slavery, increased trade) Cleisthenes: Athenian Assembly became the lawmaking body (legislature) Pericles: Direct democracy. Opened all political offices to any “citizen” (not women or move ins).
Persians King Darius Strongest military power in the world Tolerant Rulers Conquered to keep language, religion and laws Won loyalty Rebellion Met with extreme military measures
Marathon Thermopylae Salamis Can the Greeks stop the mighty Persians?
Battle Of Marathon Athens and Other City States Persia versus Athens: Sparta unable to help Persians outnumber 2 to 1 Athens Wins Pheidippides sprints to Athens: 26.2 Miles Themistocles Greeks must prepare for Persian return Build ships
King Xerxes Xerxes, Son of Darius Sent larger force to conquer Athens Gifts: Earth and Water Wants gifts of surrender Athens and Sparta say “No” Sparta and Athens Put aside differences to defend themselves
Results of War Increase Greek Confidence Felt Gods had protected them Athens Emerges as most powerful Polis Form Delian League Resentment Sparta forms Peloponnesian League Conflict between Athens and Sparta is inevitable