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Persian and Peloponnesian Wars

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1 Persian and Peloponnesian Wars
Ancient Greece Persian and Peloponnesian Wars WHI 5d

2 Essential Question Why were wars with Persia important to the development of Greek culture? Why was the Peloponnesian War important to the spread of Greek culture?

3 Persian Empire

4 Persian War Greek cities in Turkey (Ionia) revolt against the Persians
Darius, the Persian Emperor invades Greece 490 BCE, Battle of Marathon between Persians and Athenians

5 Persians Invade Greece
Persian War 490 BCE Persians Invade Greece Battle of Marathon


7 Greek Hoplite


9 2nd Persian War The Persian Emperor, Xerxes, attacked Greece again in 480 BCE Xerxes invaded Greece by land and sea

10 2nd Persian War, Battles Thermopylae (Spartans)
Salamis (naval battle – Athenian fleet) Plataea (Persians defeated)

11 Thermopylae

12 Trireme

13 Persian Fleet

14 Outcome of Persian Wars
Greeks gained control of the Aegean Athens formed the Delian League to fight the Persians Delian League became Athenian Empire

15 Peloponnesian War In 431 BCE the Peloponnesian War started between Athens and Sparta The war lasted until 404 BCE when Athens surrendered The war weakened both Sparta and Athens and led to the decline of the Greek city states

16 Peloponnesian War Competition between Sparta and Athens caused the Peloponnesian War Athens controlled the Delian League and Sparta controlled the Peloponnesian League Both cities feared the power of the other and this fear and distrust was the primary cause of the war

17 Peloponnesian League

18 Sparta vs. Athens Sparta Land Power Oligarchy
Economy based on agriculture Little money Athens Naval Power Democracy Economy based on agriculture and trade Reserves of gold and silver

19 Athens Walls

20 Athens

21 Outcome of Peloponnesian War
Athens and Sparta Weakened End of Golden Age of Greece Rise of Macedonian Power

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