The Greek contribution to political life: Individual members shared a sense of belonging to and participating in the polis. Community problems are caused by human beings and require human solutions. Laws expressed the rational mind of the community to insure its will and needs are met.
Cyrus the Great and his sons after him effectively administered their large empire: Divided into 20 provinces (satrapies) Special agents who answered only to the king Use of an official language (Aramaic) Network of roads and postal system Common system of weights and measures Empire wide coinage Fusion of Near Eastern cultural traditions Promoted one religion: Zoroastrianism (Ahura Mazda & Ahriman)
Cyrus the Great, was the world’s first world emperor to openly declare and guarantee the sanctity of human rights and individual freedom.
The Persian Wars were decisive in the history of the West. Had the Greeks been defeated, the cultural and political vitality we associate and inherit from the Greeks would never have evolved. The confidence and pride from these victories propelled Greece and Athens, in particular, to its “Golden Age.”