Presentation on theme: "Challenge of Persia As Greeks spread they came into conflict with the Persian empire. Ionian states will fall to Persia. Try to revolt and Darius (Persian."— Presentation transcript:
Challenge of Persia As Greeks spread they came into conflict with the Persian empire. Ionian states will fall to Persia. Try to revolt and Darius (Persian ruler) sought revenge against Greeks. Persians landed on the plain of Marathon. Outnumber Greeks but Greeks won. Pheidippides ran from Marathon to Athens, (26 miles) shouts victory and dies.
Challenge of Persia continued Xerxes plans to invade Greece. Sparta and Athens work together. Sparta-land and Athens-navy. Spartans at Thermopylae (300) to stop Persians. Ended at Bay of Salamis when Athens defeats the Persians.
Athenian Empire Athens took over leadership of Greek world. Created Delian League which led to Athenian empire. Pericles helped create and expand democracy.
Age of Pericles Create Direct Democracy so people involved. All males take part. Assembly passed laws, elected public officials and made decisions concerning war and foreign policy. Paid office holders- poor were paid if elected & now could afford to take part. Practiced Ostracism to protect against ambitious politicians. Athens became center of Greek culture. Pericles called Athens the “school of Greece”.
Athens Daily Life & Economy Had a large number of males with political power Tolerated /protected adult male foreigners. Slaves were common. Economy and Society Economy based largely on farming and trade. Had to import grain so trade was highly important to the economy. Family was important in ancient Athens. Were to produce new citizens. Women were strictly controlled, could not own property
Great Peloponnesian War After Persian defeat Greek 2 major camps: Athenian empire Sparta and its supporters. Led to war Athens planned to remain behind the city’s protective walls and receive supplies from their colonies and Navy. Spartans surround Athens. Plague broke out in Athens killing 1/3 of its people. Pericles died yet war went on for 25 yrs. Athens ends up losing the war and their empire was destroyed. Out of this, came Macedonia to Power
4-3 Review Starting point of Pheidippides’s 26 mile run Marathon Greek city-colonies in Asia Minor united to defeat these invaders Persian Athenian vote of banishment Ostracism In Athens, by the mid-fifth century B.C., every male citizen did what on all major issues? Voted The Persian monarch Xerxes
4-3 Review After losing the battle of Thermopylae to the Persians, the Athenians abandoned what? Their city Not all residents were citizens, Athens took leadership of the Greek world, and office holders were paid all during what Greek period? During the age of Pericles Athenian defensive alliance? Delian League Height of Athenian power and brilliance was called what ? Age of Pericles In 479 B.C, a large, unified Greek army defeated who? ThePersians