Presentation on theme: "Pop Quiz (6.1 & 6.2 Notes) What was the main difference between Massasoit and Metacomet? Who won the French and Indian War? Why was the Ohio River Valley."— Presentation transcript:
1 Pop Quiz (6.1 & 6.2 Notes)What was the main difference between Massasoit and Metacomet?Who won the French and Indian War?Why was the Ohio River Valley important land?What prevented colonists from living west of the Appalachian mountains?Name one thing the Treaty of Paris did.
2 Bellwork: November 27Journal:Write in detail about a time you refused to do something you thought was unfair. Why did you behave this way? What happened as a result?
3 Pop Quiz (6.3 Reading)On a sheet of loose-leaf paper, answer the questions.1. Why did Great Britain create new taxes for the colonies?2. Name two Acts that were created that taxed the colonies3. What did the colonists do in response to these acts?4. Who were the Sons of Liberty?
4 Trouble over Colonists’ Rights Chapter 6.3Trouble over Colonists’ Rights
5 Essential QuestionsHow did the colonists respond to the sugar and stamp acts, and WHY did they respond this way?
6 Raising TaxesBritain kept an army in N.A. to protect colonists from American Indian attacksArmies require money in order to stay supplied and equippedPrime Minister George Grenville asked Parliament to tax the colonistsParliament passed the Sugar ActTaxed molasses and sugar imported by the colonistsFirst act passed to raise money in the colonies, instead of regulate
7 Other ordersBritain would not allow the colonies to print their own moneySpecial courts to try smugglersPrevented goods from being brought to the colonies tax freeNo juries, smugglers were treated as guilty until proven innocent
8 Taxation without Representation Many colonists were upset with the taxes and regulationsMerchants/businesses were hurtJames Otis – protested taxation by parliamentArgued it was unfair to be taxed without a voice in Parliament to speak on their behalf“Taxation without Representation” became a rallying point for many upset colonists
9 Colonists’ Reactions Reasons Colonists Disliked the Taxes: Taxation without RepresentationReflected British efforts to gain more controlChallenged the colonists’ efforts to be more autonomousHurt colonial economyCommittees of Correspondence-Groups that contact other towns and coloniesShared ideas and information about the new laws and way to challenge them
10 Colonist’s Reactions cont’d Boycott- people refuse to buy certain goodsWomen made substitutes for British goods
11 The Stamp Act1765 Parliament passed a tax on all official documents and publications in the colonies.Marriage licenses, mortgages, diplomas, playing cards, dice, and newspapers had to have a stamp, or seal, showing that money had been paid for this tax.The tax money was to pay for keeping British troops in North AmericaColonists who refused could be fined or put in jail
13 What happened next… It affected almost everyone, rich or poor Most colonists hated itThe tax money they were paying was going directly to the BritishThe colonists had no say in how the tax was spentThis act helped to unify the colonists against the British.“Taxation without Representation”
14 The results… The Stamp Act unified the colonists against the British. They refused to stand by and pay unfair taxes without a voice.Groups began to protest the Stamp Act, and other unfair taxes.Colonists formed secret societies called Sons of Libertysometimes used violence to frighten tax collectorsEx: Tarring and featheringMany businesses openly ignored the law and refused to buy stamps
18 Join or Die Political Cartoon created by Benjamin Franklin Encouraged the colonies to unite against the BritishWas first published in 1754, but used throughout the American Revolution to rally colonists against the British.
19 Repealing the Stamp Act Patrick Henry presented a series of resolutions to the House of Burgesses in VirginiaSaid the Stamp Act violated colonists rightsStamp Act Congress was held in New YorkDelegates from 9 colonies metAsked Parliament to repeal – or end, the actBritish trade suffered from the boycottParliament repealed the act in 1766
20 What next? Declaratory Act Members of Parliament were upset that colonists challenged their authorityIssued the declaratory act which stated that Parliament had the power to make laws for the colonies “in all cases whatsoever”.
21 Connect to BellworkThink back to our bell work, how was your response similar to, or different than the colonists?
22 Describe the most damage you think you could cause with a snowball. December 8, 2010Describe the most damage you think you could cause with a snowball.
23 Review Why was the Stamp Act Created? To generate money for British troops in the coloniesWhy were the colonists upset by the Stamp Act?They had to pay to support the troops that they didn’t even want thereHow did the Stamp Act unite different groups of colonists?Rich/poor were both affected by the tax; created “Sons of Liberty”What effect would the Stamp Act have on the colonies?Lead to other protests and the American Revolution