Presentation on theme: "Pop Quiz (6.1 & 6.2 Notes) 1.What was the main difference between Massasoit and Metacomet? 2.Who won the French and Indian War? 3.Why was the Ohio River."— Presentation transcript:
Pop Quiz (6.1 & 6.2 Notes) 1.What was the main difference between Massasoit and Metacomet? 2.Who won the French and Indian War? 3.Why was the Ohio River Valley important land? 4.What prevented colonists from living west of the Appalachian mountains? 5.Name one thing the Treaty of Paris did.
Bellwork: November 27 Journal: – Write in detail about a time you refused to do something you thought was unfair. Why did you behave this way? What happened as a result?
Pop Quiz (6.3 Reading) On a sheet of loose-leaf paper, answer the questions. 1. Why did Great Britain create new taxes for the colonies? 2. Name two Acts that were created that taxed the colonies 3. What did the colonists do in response to these acts? 4. Who were the Sons of Liberty?
Chapter 6.3 Trouble over Colonists’ Rights
Essential Questions How did the colonists respond to the sugar and stamp acts, and WHY did they respond this way?
Raising Taxes Britain kept an army in N.A. to protect colonists from American Indian attacks Armies require money in order to stay supplied and equipped Prime Minister George Grenville asked Parliament to tax the colonists Parliament passed the Sugar Act – Taxed molasses and sugar imported by the colonists – First act passed to raise money in the colonies, instead of regulate
Other orders Britain would not allow the colonies to print their own money Special courts to try smugglers – Prevented goods from being brought to the colonies tax free – No juries, smugglers were treated as guilty until proven innocent
Taxation without Representation Many colonists were upset with the taxes and regulations Merchants/businesses were hurt James Otis – protested taxation by parliament – Argued it was unfair to be taxed without a voice in Parliament to speak on their behalf – “Taxation without Representation” became a rallying point for many upset colonists
Colonists’ Reactions Reasons Colonists Disliked the Taxes: – Taxation without Representation – Reflected British efforts to gain more control – Challenged the colonists’ efforts to be more autonomous – Hurt colonial economy Committees of Correspondence- – Groups that contact other towns and colonies – Shared ideas and information about the new laws and way to challenge them
Colonist’s Reactions cont’d Boycott- people refuse to buy certain goods Women made substitutes for British goods
The Stamp Act 1765 Parliament passed a tax on all official documents and publications in the colonies. – Marriage licenses, mortgages, diplomas, playing cards, dice, and newspapers had to have a stamp, or seal, showing that money had been paid for this tax. The tax money was to pay for keeping British troops in North America Colonists who refused could be fined or put in jail
What happened next… It affected almost everyone, rich or poor Most colonists hated it The tax money they were paying was going directly to the British The colonists had no say in how the tax was spent This act helped to unify the colonists against the British. – “Taxation without Representation”
The results… The Stamp Act unified the colonists against the British. They refused to stand by and pay unfair taxes without a voice. Groups began to protest the Stamp Act, and other unfair taxes. Colonists formed secret societies called Sons of Liberty – sometimes used violence to frighten tax collectors Ex: Tarring and feathering Many businesses openly ignored the law and refused to buy stamps
Join or Die
Political Cartoon created by Benjamin Franklin Encouraged the colonies to unite against the British Was first published in 1754, but used throughout the American Revolution to rally colonists against the British.
Repealing the Stamp Act Patrick Henry presented a series of resolutions to the House of Burgesses in Virginia – Said the Stamp Act violated colonists rights Stamp Act Congress was held in New York – Delegates from 9 colonies met – Asked Parliament to repeal – or end, the act British trade suffered from the boycott Parliament repealed the act in 1766
What next? Declaratory Act – Members of Parliament were upset that colonists challenged their authority – Issued the declaratory act which stated that Parliament had the power to make laws for the colonies “in all cases whatsoever”.
Connect to Bellwork Think back to our bell work, how was your response similar to, or different than the colonists?
December 8, 2010 Describe the most damage you think you could cause with a snowball.
Review Why was the Stamp Act Created? – To generate money for British troops in the colonies Why were the colonists upset by the Stamp Act? – They had to pay to support the troops that they didn’t even want there How did the Stamp Act unite different groups of colonists? – Rich/poor were both affected by the tax; created “Sons of Liberty” What effect would the Stamp Act have on the colonies? – Lead to other protests and the American Revolution