Presentation on theme: "Topic A I- British gain land as a result of F&I war A- Lord Amherst – sent to control new lands gained as a result of war (Ohio valley) - Build forts-"— Presentation transcript:
Topic A I- British gain land as a result of F&I war A- Lord Amherst – sent to control new lands gained as a result of war (Ohio valley) - Build forts- building anyplace they wanted and Indians were not happy - British raise prices on fur trade ---again Indians were not pleased, but with the French gone they had little choice
Gold area is new British lands a
Topic A B- Pontiac War - Indians mad over forts and prices -Fort Detroit – Indians attacked British fort, but without the French help one by one Indians nations dropped out By December 1763 the British controlled the Ohio Valley British are concerned over the fighting with the Indians costing more money after they had spent so much on the French and Indian war. The British government needed these conflicts to go away!
Pontiac Fort Detroit
C- Proclamation of Goal – end problems with the Indians in the Ohio Valley War cost money and also British soldiers did not want to come to America to fight Three Parts 1- Drew imaginary line along the Appalachian Mountains 2- Colonist could not allowed to settle west of this line, and if already west of the line you must leave 3- British sent 10,000 troops to enforce law
Proclamation of 1763
Colonist very mad D-The Proclamation -hurt trade -had to help pay for troops E- British get new Prime Minister George Grenville Wants colonies to pay for F&I war since they are gained land
Questions 1- Who was in charge of Ohio Valley for the British? Amherst 2- Why were the Indians mad ?(2 reasons) Forts and raised prices 3-Why did the Indians stop fighting? The French were gone 4-Why didn’t the British want to fight? Lack of money and in debt 5-List the three parts of the Proc. Of 1763? Line / can not go or must leave / troops to enforce 6-Why were the colonist mad over the Proc. Of 1763? Loss of trade and were expected to help pay for troops 7-Explain the views and goals of Grenville? Colonist should pay cost of war– they gained--tax
Topic B Sugar Act Made by Grenville to raise money --tax on molasses was very high --colonist mad and smuggled or bribed tax collectors this sugar act was low but the British wanted it paid-colonist were mad since they never had to pay before
Sugar act The Stamp Act and Sugar Act lowered the tax, but now it was enforced. This also put an end to the profitable smuggling of the colonists. Colonists rioted and boycotted. Left: Tarring and feathering of a British exciseman by a Liberty Tree. Right: A tax collector being tarred and feathered in 1774.
Stamp Act II- Stamp Act Taxes- legal documents, wills, marriage papers, newspapers, playing cards and all printed materials Idea of stamp is not new—was used in Europe for years Colonist responded---riots, tax collector run out of town Colonies felt only their own colonial assemblies could tax them “taxation without representation”
Stamp Act 1765, revenue law passed by the British Parliament during the ministry of George Grenville. The first direct tax to be levied on the American colonies, it required that all newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, commercial bills, advertisements, and other papers issued in the colonies bear a stamp. The revenue obtained from the sale of stamps was designated for colonial defense; while the means of raising revenue was novel, the application of such revenue to defense continued existing British policy.
Stamp Act Merchants boycotted English goods; stamp distributors were forced to resign and stamps were destroyed; and the Massachusetts legislature, at the suggestion of James Otis, issued a call for a general congress to find means of resisting the law. The Stamp Act Congress, which met in Oct., 1765, in New York City, included delegates from New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Delaware, South Carolina, Maryland, and Connecticut. The congress adopted the Declaration of Rights and Grievances; it declared that freeborn Englishmen could not be taxed without their consent, and, since the colonists were not represented in Parliament, any tax imposed on them without the consent of their colonial legislatures was unconstitutional. Faced with a loss of trade, Parliament repealed the Stamp Act in
Stamp Act Congress New York City 9 of the 13 attend Wrote the Declaration of Rights and Grievances 1- Colonist should have same rights as Englishmen 2Taxes can only be made by colonial assemblies Will Boycott until law/tax repealed This was sent to King George
Methods of Protest 1700’s Boycott- How does this work? Protest Tar and feather TODAY?
Sons of Liberty The Sons of Liberty was a secret American colonial organization founded in November 1765 to oppose the Stamp Act. The term "sons of liberty" was traditionally used to designate those dedicated to the defense of civilStamp Act
Repeal of Stamp Act
Result The Stamp act was repealed BUT the issue of taxation was not solved. British still felt they could tax the colonies Colonies still felt the British could not tax them
Questions 1-Why did the colonist protest the sugar act if it lowered the cost ? Never had to pay any tax before 2- What did the stamp act tax? Leg. Documents, playing cards, newspapers and all printed material 3-Why were the colonist upset with these taxes? Taxation without representation 4- Explain the stamp act congress 9-13 / NY / Decl. of R and G 5-List the three parts of the Decl. of R&G 1- same rights 2-Colonial assemblies only ones who can tax 3-boycott 6- Define boycott and repeal Not to purchase-----to take back