Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Section 1 Taxation Without Representation Proclamation of 1763 King George III- declared Appalachian Mt Range were temporary western boundary."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 5 Section 1 Taxation Without Representation Proclamation of 1763 King George III- declared Appalachian Mt Range were temporary western boundary for colonies. Angered Speculators- bought land west of the mountains. Also affected relationship with colonies.
Relations With Britain How did the Proclamation of 1763 provide advantages for Britain? (remember it stopped western settlement) British Govt. not colonists to control westward movement. Slowed colonists from moving away from coast.(Britain’s Investments/markets) Allowed British Officials to control lucrative fur trade. British planned to keep 10,000 troops in America to protect their interests.
Colonists Reactions 10,000 British Troops= interfere with liberties Proclamation of 1763= limits on their freedom Financial Burden of The War Left Britain with huge Public Debt Britain needed Revenue King and Parliament felt colonist should pay. They began plans to tax the Colonies.
Britain’s Trade law 1763- George Greenville became Prime Minister of Britain. Wanted to reduce Britain’s debt. Take action against smuggling in the colonies. Colonists smuggled goods to avoid taxes= loss in revenue for Britain 1763- Smugglers to Vice Admiralty court. 1767- Writs of Assistance- legal documents allowed customs officers to enter any location to search for smuggled goooods.
Sugar Act 1764- act lowered tax on molasses imported by colonist. Greenville hoped lower tax would convince colonists to pay tax and not smuggle. Act allowed officers to seize goods from smugglers without going to court.
Colonists Reaction sugar act/ smuggling laws Acts / laws angered the colonists Rights as Englishmen were violated. Writs of Assistance- violated rights to be secure in their home. Vice Admiralty Courts- colonists to prove innocence. British Law- innocent until proven guilty James Otis- defended colonial rights through speeches/ pamphlets.
The Stamp Act 1765- Parliament passed act that placed a tax on nearly all printed material in the colonies. Printed material had to have stamp applied by British officials. Affected all colonial cities. Act taxed colonies directly and without the colonies consent. Parliament ignored the colonial tradition of self government.
Protesting the Stamp Act Patrick Henry- persuaded Va. House of Burgesses to take action against act Resolution- passed declaring: “it had the only and sole exclusive right and power to lay taxes” Samuel Adams started “Sons of Liberty” to protest stamp act. 1765- protestors burned “effigies” rag figures Burned houses that belonged to royal officials
The Act is Repealed March 1766- parliament repealed act due to colonial persistence Colonist celebrated while Britain passed Declaratory Act. Declaratory Act of 1766- gave parliament the right to tax and make decisions for British Colonies.
NEW TAXES 1767- Townshend Acts Passed. Townshend Acts- New set of taxes applied only to imported goods. Tax was to be paid at port of entry. Because they understood colonists would not tolerate internal taxes. Goods Taxed= glass, tea, paper, and lead. Colonist had to import – they didn’t produce.
Colonists Reaction Brought back the Boycott that worked so well against the Stamp Act. Even More Widespread. “Daughters of Liberty” – women active now Urged Americans to wear Homemade fabrics and become economically independent.