Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Section 1 Taxation Without Representation"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 5 Section 1 Taxation Without Representation Proclamation of 1763King George III- declared Appalachian Mt Range were temporary western boundary for colonies.Angered Speculators- bought land west of the mountains.Also affected relationship with colonies.
2Relations With Britain How did the Proclamation of 1763 provide advantages for Britain? (remember it stopped western settlement)British Govt. not colonists to control westward movement.Slowed colonists from moving away from coast.(Britain’s Investments/markets)Allowed British Officials to control lucrative fur trade.British planned to keep 10,000 troops in America to protect their interests.
3Financial Burden of The War Colonists Reactions10,000 British Troops= interfere with libertiesProclamation of 1763= limits on their freedomFinancial Burden of The WarLeft Britain with huge Public DebtBritain needed RevenueKing and Parliament felt colonist should pay.They began plans to tax the Colonies.
4Britain’s Trade law1763- George Greenville became Prime Minister of Britain.Wanted to reduce Britain’s debt.Take action against smuggling in the colonies.Colonists smuggled goods to avoid taxes= loss in revenue for Britain1763- Smugglers to Vice Admiralty court.1767- Writs of Assistance- legal documents allowed customs officers to enter any location to search for smuggled goooods.
5Sugar Act 1764- act lowered tax on molasses imported by colonist. Greenville hoped lower tax would convince colonists to pay tax and not smuggle.Act allowed officers to seize goods from smugglers without going to court.
6Colonists Reaction sugar act/ smuggling laws Acts / laws angered the colonistsRights as Englishmen were violated.Writs of Assistance- violated rights to be secure in their home.Vice Admiralty Courts- colonists to prove innocence. British Law- innocent until proven guiltyJames Otis- defended colonial rights through speeches/ pamphlets.
7The Stamp Act1765- Parliament passed act that placed a tax on nearly all printed material in the colonies.Printed material had to have stamp applied by British officials.Affected all colonial cities.Act taxed colonies directly and without the colonies consent.Parliament ignored the colonial tradition of self government.
8Protesting the Stamp Act Patrick Henry- persuaded Va. House of Burgesses to take action against actResolution- passed declaring: “it had the only and sole exclusive right and power to lay taxes”Samuel Adams started “Sons of Liberty” to protest stamp act.1765- protestors burned “effigies” rag figuresBurned houses that belonged to royal officials
9The Act is RepealedMarch parliament repealed act due to colonial persistenceColonist celebrated while Britain passed Declaratory Act.Declaratory Act of gave parliament the right to tax and make decisions for British Colonies.
10NEW TAXES 1767- Townshend Acts Passed. Townshend Acts- New set of taxes applied only to imported goods. Tax was to be paid at port of entry.Because they understood colonists would not tolerate internal taxes.Goods Taxed= glass, tea, paper, and lead.Colonist had to import – they didn’t produce.
11Colonists ReactionBrought back the Boycott that worked so well against the Stamp Act.Even More Widespread.“Daughters of Liberty” – women active nowUrged Americans to wear Homemade fabrics and become economically independent.